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Worksheet Solution: India and the U.N. - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

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MCQs

Question 1: Which two countries emerged the as most powerful ones after World War II?
(a) UK and USA
(b) USA and USSR

(c) France and USA
(d) UK and Germany

Correct Answer is Option B.

The aftermath of World War II was the beginning of an era defined by the decline of the old great powers and the rise of two superpower which were the Soviet Union(USSR) and the United States of America (USA), creating a bipolar world.

Question 2: When did India sign the UN Charter?
(a) 30 October, 1945
(b) 28 August, 1945

(c) 20 June, 1944
(d) 25 July, 1945

Correct Answer is Option A.

On June 26, 1945, India was among 50 countries to sign the UN charter. India joined the United Nations after ratifying the UN Charter on October 30, 1945.

Question 3: The policy of racial discrimination was followed in
(a) South America
(b) South Africa

(c) USSR
(d) Poland

Correct Answer is Option A.

In the United States, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits all racial discrimination based on race.

Question 4: Which organisation contributed to the ‘Anganwari’ Programmes in India?
(a) UNICEF
(b) World Bank

(c) IMF
(d) ICJ

Correct Answer is Option B.

Anganwadi is a type of rural child care centre in India. They were started by the Indian government in 1975 as part of the Integrated Child Development.

Fill in the blanks

Question 5: 
(a) India has always supported the use of UN for peaceful purpose.
(b) 120 countries participated in the first conference of NAM.
(c) The ________________ has helped improve agriculture in India.

EduRev Tips:

  • India strongly supports the purposes and principles of the UN and has made significant contributions in implementing the goals of the Charter, and the evolution of the UN's specialised programmes and agencies.

Short answer type questions.

Question 6: Write about two contributions of the World Bank to India.

The World Bank has contributed to India in:

  • Country Partnership Framework for India.
  • Education.
  • Infrastructure. 
  • Healthcare.

Question 7: Name three founder members of the Non-Aligned Movement.

The Non-Aligned Movement was founded and held its first conference in 1961 under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, and Sukarno of Indonesia.

Question 8: What are the principles of NAM?

Five principles are:

  • Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty.
  • Mutual non-aggression.
  • Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs.
  • Equality and mutual benefit.
  • Peaceful co-existence.

Long answer type questions.

Question 9: What are the three major contributions of the UNO to India?

The United Nations has made enormous positive contributions in maintaining international peace and security, promoting cooperation among states and international development. Today, people of the world still face the two major issues of peace and development.

Question 10: Which countries took the lead to form NAM?

The Non-Aligned Movement was founded and held its first conference (the Belgrade Conference) in 1961 under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, and Sukarno of Indonesia.

Question 11: How does FAO help the Indian agricultural sector?

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has enjoyed valuable partnership with India since it began operations in 1948. It continues playing a catalytic role in India's progress in the areas of crops, livestock, fisheries, food security, and management of natural resources.

True & False

Question 12: 

  • India has supported the policy of non-alignment. True
  • The FAO has helped to improve education. False

EduRev Tips:

  • For India, the concept of non-alignment began as a policy of nonparticipation in the military affairs of a bipolar world and in the context of colonialism aimed towards optimum involvement through multi-polar participation towards peace and security.
  • It continues playing a catalytic role in India's progress in the areas of crops, livestock, fisheries, food security, and management of natural resources.
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