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Worksheet Solution: The Land of Snow: Greenland - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

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MCQs

Question 1: Greenland is also called
(a) Kalakrit Nanuut

(b) Kalaallit Nunaat
(c) Our Island
(d) Eskimo land

Correct Answer is Option B
Nunaat Greenland is called Kalaallit Nunaat in Greenlandic, which translates to the 'Land of the Greenlanders'. It also sometimes goes by the name Inuit Nunaat, which means 'Land of the People'.


Question 2: Greenland is located towards the north-east of
(a) Europe
(b) Africa
(c) Asia
(d) North America

Correct Answer is Option D
The map shows Greenland, the largest (non-continental) island in the world. The island is located in North America between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, northeast of Canada.


Question 3: The Inuits wear clothes made from
(a) cotton

(b) jute
(c) the skin of huskies
(d) the skin of seals

Correct Answer is Option D
Traditional Inuit clothing consisted of a parka, pants and mittens made from caribou or sealskin.


Question 4: To go from one place to another on land, the Inuits use a
(a) kayak

(b) umiak
(c) sledge
(d) motorboat

Correct Answer is Option C
To travel from one place to another, Inuit used sleds pulled over the snow and ice by strong dogs. On the waters of the Arctic Ocean, small boats called “kayaks”.


Question 5: Due to the mainland being covered with ice, settlements are mainly found in the
(a) coastal areas
(b) forest areas
(c) mainland areas
(d) town areas

Correct Answer is Option A
Due to the mainland being covered with ice, settlements are mainly found in the coastal areas.


True & False

Question 6:

  • Icebergs cannot be easily seen by sailors. True
  • There are thick forests in the northern part of Greenland. False
  • Sisimiut is a big city in Greenland. True
  • Greenland is very hot during the summer season. False
  • Sledges are pulled by polar bears. False

Edurev Tips:

  • The density of ice is less than the density of water thus it can easily float on water. Since such a large portion of the iceberg is submerged under water it becomes difficult for the sailor to estimate the size of the iceberg increasing the danger of the ship colliding in them.
  • There are only a few species of trees and large bushes in the natural state of Greenland. They cover only a few parts of the land.
  • Sisimiut, formerly known as Holsteinsborg, is the second-largest city in Greenland.
  • It is often cold out on the water. With that said, the summer temperature in Greenland is normally around 5 to 15 degrees in the shade.
  • To travel from one place to another, Inuit used sleds pulled over the snow and ice by strong dogs.


Answer these questions.
Question 7: Where is Greenland situated? Why is the island white?

Greenland, the world's largest island, lying in the North Atlantic Ocean.The plains of Greenland are covered with snow. The majority of its land area is covered by an ice cap which naturally makes it look white. That's why the island looks white.

Question 8: What is the effect of the climate on the vegetation of Greenland?

Warmer temperatures and changing patterns of precipitation impacts the plants and vegetation in Greenland. Greenland's harsh climate affects its vegetation therefore very few plants and trees grow here. The soil in this region remains frozen throughout the year, Hence it is also called the tundra region.

Question 9: Write a short note on igloos.

An igloo is a type of hut built from snow, mainly by Inuits. An igloo has a domed shape and is made of compacted bricks of snow. Other Inuit groups have used snow, instead, to insulate homes made from other materials.

Question 10: Write five sentences on the climate of Greenland.

  • Greenland has an Arctic climate with average temperatures that do not exceed 10° C (50° F) in the warmest summer months.
  • The sea around Greenland affects the climate on land.
  • The air is generally very dry in Greenland in relation to many other countries, and because of this low humidity the low temperatures do not feel as cold.
  • In the southern part of the country and the innermost parts of the long fjords, the temperature can, however, rise to more than 20° C (68° F) in June, July or August.
  • During the summer months it is warmest and driest on land closest to the ice sheet.

Question 11: What kind of animals live in Greenland?

Polar bears, humpback whales, musk oxen, walruses, reindeer and white-tailed eagles are just some of the many animals you can experience on land, at sea and in the air around Greenland.


Think and answer.

Question 12:
Greenland is often called the ‘Land of the Midnight Sun’. Why?

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