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Worksheet Solution: The Revolt of 1857 - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

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MCQs

Question 1: The Battle of Plassey took place in
(a) 1757
(b) 1857
(c) 1867
(d) 1897

Correct Answer is Option A.

The Battle of Plassey was fought in north-eastern India on 23 June 1757.

Question 2: Aurangzeb died in the year
(a) 1704
(b) 1706
(c) 1707
(d) 1717

Correct Answer is Option C.

Aurangzeb, (born November 3, 1618, Dhod, Malwa [India]—died March 3, 1707), emperor of India from 1658 to 1707, the last of the great Mughal emperors.

Question 3: Who set up the first route to India?
(a) French
(b) Portuguese
(c) British
(d) Europeans

Correct Answer is Option B.

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast.

Question 4: The Battle of Buxar took place in
(a) 1764
(b) 1864
(c) 1867
(d) 1888

Correct Answer is Option A.

Battle of Buxar, Buxur also spelled Baksar, (22 October 1764), conflict at Buxar in northeastern India between the forces of the British East India Company, commanded by Major Hector Munro, and the combined army of an alliance of Indian states including Bengal, Awadh, and the Mughal Empire.

Fill in the blanks

Question 5: 

(a) The Battle of Plassey was fought in the year 1764.
(b) In 1757, with the victory in the Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive laid the foundation of the colonial rule.

EduRev Tips:

  • Battle of Buxar, Buxur also spelled Baksar, (22 October 1764), conflict at Buxar in northeastern India between the forces of the British East India Company, commanded by Major Hector Munro, and the combined army of an alliance of Indian states including Bengal, Awadh, and the Mughal Empire.
  • Robert Clive bribed Mir Jafar, the commander-in-chief of the Nawab's army, and also promised to make him Nawab of Bengal. Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah at Plassey in 1757 and captured Calcutta.

Match the following

Question 6:

Worksheet Solution: The Revolt of 1857 - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5 

Worksheet Solution: The Revolt of 1857 - Notes | Study Social Studies for Class 5 - Class 5

Give a one-word answer to the following

Question 7: Which country was the first to colonize India?

The British landed in India in Surat on August 24, 1608. While India has a rich and recorded history going back 4000 years to the Indus Valley Civilisation in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Britain had no indigenous written language until the 9th century, almost 3000 years after India.

Question 8: Who discovered the sea route to India?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast.

Question 9: In which year did the first revolt against the British take place?

1857

Short answer type questions

Question 10: Why were Indian soldiers unhappy with the new rifle?

The Indian soldiers were unhappy with the new rifles as the grease used in these cartridges contain cow fat and pig lard which is not permitted to be touched by the lips of a hindu soldiers . The indian soldiers took it against their religion.So the soldiers were annoyed by all this.

Question 11: What did the Doctrine of Lapse state?

The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie. According to this doctrine, if any Indian ruler dies without leaving a male heir, his kingdom would automatically pass over to the British.

Question 12: What were the factors that helped the British suppress the Revolt of 1857?

Help received by Indian groups as well This paved way for the British to exploit the support of many rulers. The same was true with Zamindars, moneylenders and some of the middle class as well. The help received by these groups helped in the suppression of the revolt.

Long answer type questions

Question 13: Why is the Revolt of 1857 important?

The major impact was the introduction of the Government of India act which abolished the rule of British East India Company and marked the beginning of British Raj that bestowed powers in the hands of the British government to rule India directly through representatives.

Question 14: What were the pressures and exploitations faced by the Indians under the British rule?

Colonialism was certainly a far more traumatising experience for colonial subjects than their colonisers. They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.

Question 15: Discuss the effects of the Revolt of 1857.

The major impact was the introduction of the Government of India act which abolished the rule of British East India Company and marked the beginning of British Raj that bestowed powers in the hands of the British government to rule India directly through representatives.

True & False

Question 16: 

  • After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire strengthened. False
  • Siraj-ud-Daula ordered the removal of the British army. True

EduRev Tips:

  • When Aurangzeb died after a reign of nearly 49 years, he left an empire not yet moribund but confronted with a number of menacing problems. The failure of the Mughals to cope with them after the reign of his son Bahādur Shāh I led to the collapse of the empire in the mid-18th century.
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