Q.1. Which is the upper house of Indian Parliament?
Q.2. How many members can the President nominate in Lok Sabha?
Q.3. What is SEBC?
SEBC is Socially and Economically Backward Classes. SEBC is another name for all those people who belong to castes that are considered backward by the government.
Q.4. Name two houses of Parliament of India.
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Q.5. What is the maximum number of members of Rajya Sabha?
Q.6. Who is the presiding officer of Rajya Sabha?
Q.7. Who is the supreme commander of the Armed Forces?
Q.8. Who is the first Prime Minister of India?
Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Q.9. Write down the structure of Rajya Sabha?
Rajya Sabha is called the Council of the States. It is the Upper house of Parliament. There can be 250 members. Rajya Sabha is indirectly elected body. It is less powerful than Lok Sabha It is the permanent house of Indian Parliament.
Q.10. How can you say that the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha?
Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha in money matter. Money bill can only be introduced in Lok Sabha. Ones the money bill is passed by the Lok Sabha the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it. The party or group which attains the majority in Lok Sabha forms the Government. Lok Sabha controls the council of Ministers.
Q.11. What are the qualifications to become a member of Lok Sabha?
Person must be a citizen of India. He must be over the age of 25 years. He must not hold any office of profit under the Union or State government. He should not be of unsound mind or bankrupt. He should not have been disqualified under any law of Parliament.
Q.12. How the president of United States of America gets elected and what is his position in his country?
In many countries of the world, the President is both the head of the states and the head of the government. The President of US is the most well known example of this kind of President. The US President is directly elected by the people. He personally chooses and appoints the Ministers. The law making is still done by the legislature but the President can veto any law. Most importantly the President does not need the support of the majority of members in the congress and neither he is answerable to them. He has affixed tenure of four years.
Q.13. What is government order?
The order issued by the government is termed as a government order. It is also known as office memorandum. By office memorandum decision of the Government is communicated by the competent authority. The government issues many orders everyday on various subjects.
Q.14. Why do we need a Parliament?
Parliament makes laws and is the final authority for making laws. Parliament exercise control over the executive. Parliament passes the income and expenditure of the government.
Q.15. What is Zero Hour?
It is very important part of Parliament’s schedule. In Lok Sabha after the question hour and before the beginning of regular proceeding of the house, the time is called Zero Hour. During this time, the members can raise any important matter without giving any prior information.
Q.16. Compare both the houses of Indian Parliament in five points.
The Rajya Sabha has strength of 250 members; where as the Lok Sabha has 543 members.
The Rajya Sabha can introduce only ordinary bill, where as Lok Sabha can introduce both ordinary and money bill.
Regarding to any bill Rajya Sabha has only recommending power. Its suggestion is not binding on the Lok Sabha
The Rajya Sabha has no control over Council of Ministers; where as the Lok Sabha controls the Council of Ministers by exercising No Confidence Motion.
In case of any joint meeting of both the houses it is the Chairperson of the Lok Sabha who presides over the meeting.
Q.17. Can you explain three political institution of the Indian Parliamentary system?
Legislature: The prime minister and the cabinet are the institutions that take all important policy decisions. The law making body of the government is Legislature.
Executive: The political executives and the Civil servants, working together are responsible for taking steps to implement the ministers’ decisions. Law implementing body is Executive.
Judiciary: Supreme Court is an institution where disputes between citizens and the government are finally settled. All the courts of India together known as Judiciary of India.
Q.18. What was Mandal Commission? Why was it appointed? What did it recommend to the government?
The government of India had appointed the Second Backward commissions in 1979. It was headed by B.P. Mandal. Hence it was popularly called the Mandal Commission.
It was asked to determine the criteria to identify the socially and educationally backward classes in India and recommend steps to be taken for their advancement.
The Commission gave its Report in 1980 and made many recommendations.
One of these was that 27% of government jobs be reserved for the socially and educationally backward classes.
The Report and recommendations were discussed in the Parliament. For several years, many parliamentarians and parties kept demanding the implementations of the Commission’s recommendations.
Q.19. Why do the political executives have more powers than the permanent executives?
Political executives are elected by the people. Therefore, they are more empowered.
Political executives are answerable to the people.
Permanent executives work under the political executives and assist them in carrying out the day to day administration.
All policy decisions are taken by the political executives.
Permanent executives implement the decisions taken by political executives.
Permanent executives are expert in their field, they are qualified and educated.
Q.20. Why do we need institutions for governing a country?
The institutions are responsible for ensuring security to the citizens and providing facilities for education and health to all.
It collects taxes and spends money and rose on administration, defense and development programmes.
The institutions take decision and makes rules and regulations for proper administration.
If any dispute arises on these decisions or in their implementation, there are institutions who determine what is wrong and what is right.
Institutions also impart the duties and decide the jurisdiction of different bodies of government.
|1. What are institutions and why are they important in society?|
|2. How do institutions work together to maintain social order?|
|3. What is the role of institutions in promoting economic development?|
|4. How do institutions ensure accountability and transparency?|
|5. How can individuals participate in shaping institutions?|