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Q.1. Fill in the blanks.
(i) Samir Do’s family lived in Merrut.
(ii) Ladakh is a desert in the mountains in the eastern part of Jammu and Kashmir.
(iii) The caste system is an example of inequality.
(iv) Both Kerala and Ladakh regions were influenced by Chinese and Arab traders.
(v) Ladakh is also called Little Tibet.
Q.2. List the different religions that are practiced in Kerala.
People in Kerala practise different religions such as Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism.
Q.3. What is sung by both Muslims and Buddhists in Ladakh?
Local versions of the Tibetan national epic the Kesar Saga are performed and sung by both Muslims and Buddhists.
Q.4. Who composed the national anthem?
India's national anthem was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.
Q.5. When equality occurs?
Inequality comes about when a person does not have the resources and opportunitites that are available to other persons.
Q.6. Why was Samir Do worried?
Samir Do was worried because his people were in Merrut and many people are being killed there in the riots.
Q.7. True / False
(i) History and geography are often tied in the cultural life of a region. True
(ii) In Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Haryana, a British general opened fire on a large group of unarmed people. False
(iii) The Discovery of India is written by Jawaharlal Nehru. True
(iv) Gandhiji coined the phrase, "unity in diversity" to describe the country. False
Q.8. Write one point of difference between Ladakh and Kerala.
Kerala is famous for spices whereas Ladakh is famous for pashmina wool.
Q.9. Where is onam celebrated?
Onam festival is celebrated in Kerala.
Q.10. How was Indian flag used against the British by the people?
It was used as a symbol of protest against the British by people everywhere.
Q.11. How did people travel in the past?
People travelled from one part of the world to another, in ships, on horses, on camels or on foot.
Q.12. What is cheenachatti?
Utensil used for frying is called the cheenachatti.
Q.13. Who discovered the sea route to India?
The Portuguese discovered the sea route to India from Europe when Vasco da Gama landed with his ship here.
Q.14. Write few examples of Diversity in India.
We speak different languages, have various types of food, celebrate different festivals, and practice different religions.
Q.15. Write an example of Unity of Diversity among Indians.
All Indian celebrates national festivals with great zeal.
Q.16. Why people travelled from one part of the world to another?
People travelled from one part of the world to another in search of new lands, or new places to settle in, or for people to trade with.
Q.17. Samir Do, the paper boy, think Samir Ek did not know Hindi. Why?
Samir Do, the paper boy, thought Samir Ek did not know Hindi because he looked like a foreigner and so he could not know Hindi.
Q.18. What is cheena-vala?
The fishing nets used in Kerala look exactly like the Chinese fishing nets and are called cheena-vala.