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Q.1. Fill in the blanks.
(i) The government works at different levels: at the local level, at the level of the state and at the national level.
(ii) American women got the right to vote in 1920.
(iii) In India, before Independence, only a small minority was allowed to vote.
(iv) The suffragettes demanded the right to vote for all women.
Q.2. Write some examples of institutions that are part of the government.
Some examples of institutions that are part of the government: The Supreme Court, The Indian Railways and Bharat Petroleum.
Q.3. What do you mean by representative democracy?
In representative democracy people do not participate directly but, instead, choose their representatives through an election process. These representatives meet and make decisions for the entire population.
Q.4. What was Gandhiji’s demand?
Gandhiji demanded that all adults should have the right to vote.
Q.5. According to Gandhiji’s Young India, who should be given the right to vote?
According to Gandhiji’s Young India, all adults should be given the right to vote.
Q.6. Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
The government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws to maintain peace and order in the society. With the help of laws government establishes equality and justice in the society.
Q.7. True / False
(i) In Monarchy, kings and queens do not have to explain their actions or defend the decisions they take. True
(ii) Women in the UK got to vote on the same terms as men some years later, in 1938. False
(iii) Courts are also part of the government. True
(iv) In their earliest forms governments allowed only women who owned property and were educated, to vote. False
Q.8. What is universal adult franchise?
Universal adult franchise means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote.
Q.9. When a person can approach the court?
If a person feels that a particular law is not being followed, for example, that they were not hired for a job because of their religion or caste, he or she may approach the court and claim that the law is not being followed.
Q.10. How many level of government are there in our country?
The government works at three different levels.
Q.11. What are the different levels of government?
The government works at different levels: at the local level, at the level of the state and at the national level.
Q.12. What happens if someone commits a crime?
If there is a dispute or if someone has committed a crime we find people in a court.
Q.13. What was the unfair practice according to Gandhiji?
In India, before Independence, only a small minority was allowed to vote. This was the unfair practice according to Gandhiji.
Q.14. Why government needs to control resources and protect the territory of a country?
Government needs to control resources and protect the territory of a country so that people can feel secure.
Q.15. Which type of government would you prefer to have in the place you live in? Why?
We would prefer to have a democratic government because it is a government by the people, for the people and of the people.