World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

CLAT: World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

The document World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
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Major Lakes of the World

  • Largest Lake ➜ Caspian Sea
  • Largest saline water lake ➜ Caspian Sea
  • Largest freshwater lake ➜ Lake Superior
  • Highest Lake ➜ Lake Titicaca
  • Deepest Lake ➜ Lake Baikal
  • India’s largest lake ➜ Chilika lake

Try yourself:Which is the largest lake in the world?
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Important Lakes of the World 

  • Caspian Lake: Located in Russia and CIS and have an area of 371000 sq. km.
  • Superior Lake: Located in Canada and USA and have an area of 82414 sq. km.
  • Victoria Lake: Located in Tanzania (Africa) and has an area of 69485 sq. km.
  • Huron Lake: Located in Canada and USA and has an area of 59596 sq. km.
  • Michigan Lake: Located in USA and has an area of 58016 sq. km.
  • Tanganyika Lake: Located in Africa and has an area of 32892 sq. km.
  • Baikal Lake: Located in Russia (CIS) and has an area of 31502 sq. km.
  • Great Bear Lake: Located in Canada and has an area of 31080 sq. km.
  • Aral Lake: Located in Russia (CIS) and has an area of 30700 sq. km.
  • Great Slave: Located in Canada and has an area of 28438 sq. km.Important lakes in the worldImportant lakes in the world

Try yourself:The Great Bear Lake is in which country?
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Try yourself:The Caspian Sea is NOT neighboured by which of the countries?
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Continents of the World

  • Asia: 41667920 sq.km.
  • Africa: 29800540 sq.km.
  • North America: 24320000 sq.km.
  • South America: 17599050 sq.km.
  • Antarctica: 14245000 sq.km.
  • Europe: 9699550 sq.km.
  • Australia7687120 sq.km.World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Try yourself:The largest continent in the world is
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Oceans of the World

Oceans in the WorldOceans in the World

1. Pacific Ocean

  • Area (sq. km.): 166,240,000
  • Greatest Depth: Mariana Trench

2. Atlantic Ocean

  • Area (sq. km.): 86,560,000
  • Greatest Depth: Puerto Rico Trench

3. Indian Ocean

  • Area (sq. km.): 73,430,000
  • Greatest Depth: Java Trench

4. Southern Ocean

  • Area (sq.km.): 20,330,000
  • Greatest Depth: Factorian Deep

5. Arctic Ocean

  • Area (sq. km.): 13,230,000
  • Greatest Depth: Molloy Hole

Note: Mariana Trench is the deepest point on the planet.

Try yourself:The Mariana Trench is in the __________ Ocean.
View Solution

Major Mountain Peaks of the World

  • Everest: Located in Nepal with a height of 8,848 m.
  • K2 (Godwin Austin): Located in India with a height of 8,611 m.
  • Kanchanjanga: Located in India with a height of 8,598 m.
  • Makalu: Located in Nepal-China with a height of 8,481 m.
  • Dhaulagiri: Located in Nepal with a height of 8,172 m.
  • Cho Oyu: Located in Nepal with a height of 8,153 m.
  • Nanga Parbat: Located in India with a height of 8,126 m.
  • Hidden peak: Located in India with a height of 8,068 m.
  • Annapurna: Located in Nepal with a height of 8,078 m.
  • Nandadevi: Located in India with a height of 7,813 m.

Try yourself:K2 is a mighty mountain in which country/countries?
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Try yourself:The mountain Annapurna is in which country/countries?
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Major Deserts of the World

  • Sahara: N. Africa (includes the Libyan and the Nubian Desert)
  • Australian: Australia (includes Gibson, Simpson, Victorian, Great Sandy)
  • Arabian: Arab Countries (includes Rub’al Khali & An-Nafad of S.Arabia and Dast-e-Lut & Dast-e-Kavir of Iran)
  • Kalahari: Africa (mainly in Botswana)
  • Gobi: Mongolia
  • Atacama: Central Chile
  • Patagonian: Argentina
  • Namib: Namibia
  • Takla Makan: Sinkiang, China
  • Karakum: Turkmenistan
  • Sonoran: Arizona and California (USA)
  • Thar: India

Try yourself:Gobi desert is located in__________?
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Deserts in the WorldDeserts in the WorldMajor Gulfs of the World

  • Gulf of Mexico: 15,44,000 sq. km.World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT
  • Gulf of Hudson: 12,33,000 sq. km.
  • Arabian gulf: 2,38,000 sq. km.
  • Gulf of St. Lawrence: 2,37,000 sq. km.
  • Gulf of California: 1,62,000 sq. km.

Try yourself:Which is the largest Gulf in the world?
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Major Peninsulas of the World

  • Arabia: 32,50,000 sq. km.
  • Southern India: 20,72,000 sq. km.
  • Alaska: 15,00,000 sq. km.
  • Labrador: 13,00,000 sq. km.
  • Scandinavia: 8,00,000 sq. km.
  • Iberian: 5,84,000 sq. km.World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Try yourself:Which of the following is the world’s largest peninsula?
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Major Mountain Ranges of the World

  • Andes: Located in South America with a length of 7,200 km.
  • Himalayas-Karakoram-Hindukush: Located in South Central Asia with a length of 5,000 km.
  • Rockies: Located in North America with a length of 4,800 km.
  • Great Dividing Range: Located in East Australia with a length of 3,600 km.
  • Atlas: Located in North West Africa with a length of 1,930 km.
  • Western Ghats: Located in Western India with a length of 1,160 km.
  • Caucasus: Located in Europe with a length of 1,200 km.
  • Alaska: Located in USA with a length of 1,130 km.
  • Alps: Located in Europe with a length of 1,050 km.

Try yourself:Asia Continent is what percent of earth area?
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Important Cities on the River Banks (World)

  • Adelaide (in Australia) ➜ Torrens
  • Amsterdam (in Netherlands) ➜ Amsel
  • Alexandria (in Egyp) ➜ Nile
  • Ankara (in Turkey) ➜ Kazil
  • Bangkok (in Thailand) ➜ Chao Praya
  • Basra (in Iraq) ➜ Euphrates and Tigris
  • Baghdad (in Iraq) ➜ Tigris
  • Berlin (in Germany) ➜ Spree
  • Bonn (in Germany) ➜ Rhine
  • Budapest (in Hungary) ➜ Danube
  • Bristol (in UK) ➜ Avon
  • Buenos Aires (in Argentina) ➜ Laplata
  • Chittagong (in Bangladesh) ➜ Majyani
  • Canton (in China) ➜ Si-Kiang
  • Cairo (in Egypt) ➜ Nile
  • Chung King (in China) ➜ Yang-tse-king
  • Cologne  (in Germany) ➜ Rhine
  • Dandzing  (in Germany) ➜ Vistula
  • Dresden (in Germany) ➜ Elbe
  • Dublin (in Ireland) ➜ Liffey
  • Hamburg (in Germany) ➜ Elbe
  • Kabul (in Afghanistan) ➜ Kabul
  • Karachi (in Pakistan) ➜ Indus
  • Khartoum (in Sudan) ➜ Confluence of blue & white Nile
  • Lahore (in Pakistan) ➜ Ravi
  • Leningrad (in Russia) ➜ Neva
  • Lisbon (in Portugal) ➜ Tagus
  • Liverpool (in England) ➜ Messey
  • London (in England) ➜ Thames
  • Moscow (in Russia) ➜ Moskva
  • Montreal (in Canada) ➜ St. Lawrence
  • Nanking (in China) ➜ Yang- tse-kiang
  • New Orleans (in U.S.A) ➜ Mississippi
  • New York (in U.S.A) ➜ Hudson
  • Ottawa (in Canada) ➜ Ottawa
  • Paris (in France) ➜ Seine
  • Philadelphia (in U.S.A) ➜ Delaware
  • Perth (in Australia) ➜ Swan
  • Prague (in Czech  Republic) ➜ Vitava
  • Quebec (in Canada) ➜ St. Lawrence
  • Rome (in Italy) ➜ Tiber
  • Rotterdam (in The Netherlands) ➜ New Mass
  • Stalingrad (in Russia) ➜ Volga
  • Shanghai (in China) ➜ Yang-tse-kiang
  • Sidney (in Australia) ➜ Darling
  • Saint Luis (in U.S.A) ➜ Mississippi
  • Tokyo (in Japan) ➜ Arakawa
  • Vienna (in Austria) ➜ Danube
  • Warsaw (in Poland) ➜ Vistula
  • Washington D. C. (inU.S.A) ➜ Potomac
  • Yangoon (in Myanmar) ➜ Irrawaddy

Try yourself:New York city is situated on the bank of which of the following rivers?
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Islands

  • In decreasing order of size: 
    Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin, etc.
  • Largest river island in Majuli (Assam).
  • The most populated island is in Java (Indonesia)
  • The largest island of India is Middle Andaman.

Try yourself:The largest island of the world is:
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Smallest and Biggest Countries

Biggest Nations (area-wise)

  • Russia
  • Canada
  • USA
  • China
  • Brazil
  • Australia
  • India
  • Argentina
  • Kazakhstan
  • Algeria

Biggest Nations (population-wise)

  • China
  • India
  • USA
  • Indonesia
  • Brazil
  • Pakistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Nigeria
  • Russia
  • Japan

Smallest Nations (area-wise)

  • Vatican City
  • Monaco
  • Nauru
  • Tuvalu
  • San Marino
  • Liechtenstein
  • Marshall Islands
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Maldives
  • Malta

Smallest Nations (population-wise)

  • Vatican City
  • Nauru
  • Tuvalu
  • Palau
  • Monaco
  • San Marino
  • Liechtenstein
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Antigua and Barbados
  • Seychelles

Try yourself:Which is the smallest country in the world?
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Foreign Towns Associated With Industries

Town(Country) ➜ Associated Industry

  • Baku (Azerbaijan) ➜ Petroleum
  • Bangkok (Thailand) ➜ Shipbuilding
  • Belfast (Ireland) ➜ Shipbuilding
  • Buenos Aires (Argentina) ➜ Meat
  • Cadiz (Portugal) ➜ Cork
  • Chicago (U.S.A) ➜ Agriculture implements, Meat
  • Cologne (Germany) ➜ Cotton and woollen industries
  • Dhaka (Bangladesh) ➜ Jute
  • Detroit (U.S.A) ➜ Motor cars
  • Dresden (Germany) ➜ Optical and photographic apparatus
  • Glasgow (Great Britain) ➜ Machinery
  • Havana (Cuba) ➜ Tobacco, Cigars
  • Hollywood (U.S.A) ➜ Film Industry
  • Johannesburg (S. Africa) ➜ Gold Mines
  • Kimberley (S. Africa) ➜ Diamond mining
  • Leeds (England) ➜ Woollen goods
  • Lyons (France) ➜ Silk industries
  • Manchester (England) ➜ Cotton industry
  • Mauritius (Indian Oceans) ➜ Fishing, Shipping, Sugar
  • Milan (Italy) ➜ Silk
  • Morocco (North Africa) ➜ Leather
  • Munich (Germany) ➜ Lenses
  • New Orleans (U.S.A) ➜ Cotton industry
  • Osaka (Japan) ➜ Cotton fabrics
  • Pittsburgh (U.S.A) ➜ Iron and Steel
  • Plymouth (England) ➜ Ship-building
  • Sheffield (England) ➜ Cutlery
  • Venice (Italy) ➜ Glass manufacturing
  • Vienna (Austria) ➜ Glass manufacturing
  • Wellington (New Zealand) ➜ Dairy product

Try yourself:Detroit a city of USA is famous for ______?
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World’s Geographical Surnames

Surname ➜ Name

  • Bengal’s sorrow ➜ Damodar River
  • Blue Mountains ➜ Nilgiri Hills
  • City of sky-scrapers ➜ New York
  • City of Seven Hills ➜ Rome
  • City of Dreaming Spires ➜ Oxford
  • City of Palaces ➜ KolkataWorld Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT
  • City of Golden Gate ➜ San Francisco
  • City of Magnificent buildings ➜ Washington D.C.
  • City of Eternal Springs ➜ Quito (S. America)
  • China’s Sorrow ➜ Huang Ho
  • The cockpit of Europe ➜ Belgium
  • Dark Continent ➜ Africa
  • Emerald Isle ➜ Ireland
  • Eternal city ➜ Rome
  • Empire city ➜ New York
  • Forbidden city ➜ Lhasa (Tibet)
  • Garden city ➜ Chicago
  • Gate of Tears ➜ Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb
  • Gateway of India ➜ Mumbai
  • Gift of the Nile ➜ Egypt
  • Granite City ➜ Aberdeen (Scotland)
  • Hermit kingdom ➜ Korea
  • Herring pond ➜ Atlantic Ocean
  • Holy Land ➜ Jerusalem
  • Island Continent ➜ Australia
  • Island of Cloves ➜ Zanzibar
  • Isle of pearls ➜ Bahrain (Persian Gulf)
  • Key to Mediterranean ➜ Gibraltar
  • Land of Cakes ➜ Scotland
  • Land of Golden Fleece ➜ Australia
  • Land of Maple Leaf ➜ Canada
  • Land of Morning Calm ➜ Korea
  • Land of Midnight Sun ➜ Norway
  • Land of the Thousand lakes ➜ Finland
  • Land of Thunderbolt ➜ Bhutan
  • Land of White Elephant ➜ Thailand
  • Land of five Rivers ➜ Punjab
  • Land of thousand Elephants ➜ Laos
  • Land of Rising Sun ➜ Japan
  • Loneliest Island ➜ Tristan de Gunah (mid-Atlantic)
  • Manchester of Japan ➜ Osaka
  • Pillars of Hercules ➜ Strait of Gibraltar
  • Pearl of the Antilles ➜ Cuba
  • Playground of Europe ➜ Switzerland
  • Quaker City ➜ Philadelphia
  • Queen of the Adriatic ➜ Venice
  • The roof of the World ➜ The Pamirs, central Asia (Tibet)
  • Rose pink city ➜ Jaipur
  • Sugar bowl of the World ➜  Cuba
  • Venice of the North ➜ Stockholm
  • Windy City ➜ Chicago
  • Whiteman’s grave ➜ Guinea coast of Africa
  • Yellow River ➜ Huang Ho (China)

Try yourself:City of Sky Scrappers is nickname of .................
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The document World Gk Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
All you need of CLAT at this link: CLAT

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