Class-x-study-material-2014-15-english Class 10 Notes | EduRev

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Class 10 : Class-x-study-material-2014-15-english Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan 
18, Institutional Area, Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, 
New Delhi - 110 602. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SUPPORT MATERIAL  
YEAR 2014-15 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class X 
Social Science 
KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN 
PATNA REGION 
Page 2


1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan 
18, Institutional Area, Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, 
New Delhi - 110 602. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SUPPORT MATERIAL  
YEAR 2014-15 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class X 
Social Science 
KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN 
PATNA REGION 
2 
 
 
 
Acknowledgements 
REVIEW COMMITTEE 
  
 
Workshop& Venue Director:  Mr. M. S. Chauhan 
 Deputy Commissioner 
KVS, RO PATNA(Bihar) 
 
Convenor:     Sh. A. K. Mishra 
 Principal, KV Muzaffarpur 
 
 
Members of Support Material Review Team : 
 
1. Mr. A. P. Sharma 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Muzaffarpur (F/S) 
2. Mr. V. N. Choudhary 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Samastipur 
 
3. Mr. V. S. Malviya 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Mokamaghat CRPF 
 
4. Mr. S. K. Singh 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Garhara 
 
5. Dr. I. N. Jha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Kishanganj 
 
6. Mr. S. K. Pandey  
TGT (S.ST.), KV Jamalpur 
7. Mr. Sudhakar Mishra 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Masrakh 
 
8. Mrs. Rashmi Sinha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
9. Mrs. Kiran Kumari 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
 
10. Mr. Shashi Shekher 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V.No.1. Gaya 
 
 
 
 
Page 3


1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan 
18, Institutional Area, Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, 
New Delhi - 110 602. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SUPPORT MATERIAL  
YEAR 2014-15 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class X 
Social Science 
KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN 
PATNA REGION 
2 
 
 
 
Acknowledgements 
REVIEW COMMITTEE 
  
 
Workshop& Venue Director:  Mr. M. S. Chauhan 
 Deputy Commissioner 
KVS, RO PATNA(Bihar) 
 
Convenor:     Sh. A. K. Mishra 
 Principal, KV Muzaffarpur 
 
 
Members of Support Material Review Team : 
 
1. Mr. A. P. Sharma 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Muzaffarpur (F/S) 
2. Mr. V. N. Choudhary 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Samastipur 
 
3. Mr. V. S. Malviya 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Mokamaghat CRPF 
 
4. Mr. S. K. Singh 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Garhara 
 
5. Dr. I. N. Jha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Kishanganj 
 
6. Mr. S. K. Pandey  
TGT (S.ST.), KV Jamalpur 
7. Mr. Sudhakar Mishra 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Masrakh 
 
8. Mrs. Rashmi Sinha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
9. Mrs. Kiran Kumari 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
 
10. Mr. Shashi Shekher 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V.No.1. Gaya 
 
 
 
 
3 
 
SPLIT UP SYLLABUS 2014-15 
CLASS- X 
Month Sl. 
No. 
Topics 
April 1. The Making of a Global World (His.-4) 
                         Or 
 2. The Age of Industrialisation (His.-5)  
                         Or  
 3. Work, Life and Leisure (His.-6) 
 4. Resources and Development (Geog.-1) 
 5. Development (Eco.-1) 
   
May 6. Power Sharing  (Pol. Sci.-1) 
 7. Federalism (Pol.Sci.-2) 
   
June 8. Forest and Wildlife Resources (Geog.-2) 
   
July 9. Print Culture and the Modern World (His.-7)  
                         Or 
 10 Novels, Society and History (His.-8)  
 11 Water Resources (Geog.-3) 
 12. Sectors of the Indian Economy (Eco.-2) 
   
August 13. Democracy and Diversity (Pol.Sci.-3) 
 14. Gender, Religion and Caste (Pol.Sci.-4) 
 15. Agriculture (Geo.-4) 
   
September 16. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe (His. -1) 
                          Or  
 17. The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China (His.-2)  
   
October 18. Mineral and Energy Resources (Geog.-5)   
 19. Money and Credit (Eco.-3) 
   
November  20. Popular Struggles and Movements (Pol.Sci.-5) 
 21. Political Party (Pol.Sci-6) 
 22. Manufacturing Industries (Geog. -6) 
   
December 23. Nationalism in India (His.-3) 
 24. Globalization and the Indian Economy (Eco.-4) 
   
January  25. Lifelines of National Economy (Geog.-7) 
 26. Outcomes of Democracy (Pol.Sci.-7) 
   
February 27. Consumers Rights (Eco.-5) 
 28. Challenges to Democracy  (Pol. Sci.-8) 
   
March 29. Revision for SA-II Exam 
 
 
 
Page 4


1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan 
18, Institutional Area, Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, 
New Delhi - 110 602. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SUPPORT MATERIAL  
YEAR 2014-15 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class X 
Social Science 
KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN 
PATNA REGION 
2 
 
 
 
Acknowledgements 
REVIEW COMMITTEE 
  
 
Workshop& Venue Director:  Mr. M. S. Chauhan 
 Deputy Commissioner 
KVS, RO PATNA(Bihar) 
 
Convenor:     Sh. A. K. Mishra 
 Principal, KV Muzaffarpur 
 
 
Members of Support Material Review Team : 
 
1. Mr. A. P. Sharma 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Muzaffarpur (F/S) 
2. Mr. V. N. Choudhary 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Samastipur 
 
3. Mr. V. S. Malviya 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Mokamaghat CRPF 
 
4. Mr. S. K. Singh 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Garhara 
 
5. Dr. I. N. Jha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Kishanganj 
 
6. Mr. S. K. Pandey  
TGT (S.ST.), KV Jamalpur 
7. Mr. Sudhakar Mishra 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Masrakh 
 
8. Mrs. Rashmi Sinha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
9. Mrs. Kiran Kumari 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
 
10. Mr. Shashi Shekher 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V.No.1. Gaya 
 
 
 
 
3 
 
SPLIT UP SYLLABUS 2014-15 
CLASS- X 
Month Sl. 
No. 
Topics 
April 1. The Making of a Global World (His.-4) 
                         Or 
 2. The Age of Industrialisation (His.-5)  
                         Or  
 3. Work, Life and Leisure (His.-6) 
 4. Resources and Development (Geog.-1) 
 5. Development (Eco.-1) 
   
May 6. Power Sharing  (Pol. Sci.-1) 
 7. Federalism (Pol.Sci.-2) 
   
June 8. Forest and Wildlife Resources (Geog.-2) 
   
July 9. Print Culture and the Modern World (His.-7)  
                         Or 
 10 Novels, Society and History (His.-8)  
 11 Water Resources (Geog.-3) 
 12. Sectors of the Indian Economy (Eco.-2) 
   
August 13. Democracy and Diversity (Pol.Sci.-3) 
 14. Gender, Religion and Caste (Pol.Sci.-4) 
 15. Agriculture (Geo.-4) 
   
September 16. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe (His. -1) 
                          Or  
 17. The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China (His.-2)  
   
October 18. Mineral and Energy Resources (Geog.-5)   
 19. Money and Credit (Eco.-3) 
   
November  20. Popular Struggles and Movements (Pol.Sci.-5) 
 21. Political Party (Pol.Sci-6) 
 22. Manufacturing Industries (Geog. -6) 
   
December 23. Nationalism in India (His.-3) 
 24. Globalization and the Indian Economy (Eco.-4) 
   
January  25. Lifelines of National Economy (Geog.-7) 
 26. Outcomes of Democracy (Pol.Sci.-7) 
   
February 27. Consumers Rights (Eco.-5) 
 28. Challenges to Democracy  (Pol. Sci.-8) 
   
March 29. Revision for SA-II Exam 
 
 
 
4 
 
 
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT,TERM-I 
HISTORY  
LESSON- 4 
THE MAKING OF A GLOBAL WORLD 
 
Brief Concepts of the Lesson - Trade is the activity of buying selling or exchanging goods or services between 
people firms or countries. 
Indentured labour—A bonded labourer under contract to work for an employer for a specific amount to work for 
an employer for a specific amount of time to pay off his passage to a new country or home. 
Tariff – Tax imposed on a country‘s imports from the rest of the world. Tariff are levied at the point of entry i.e. 
the border or the airport. 
Corn laws—The laws allowing the British Govt. to restrict the import of corn were popularly known as the corn 
laws. 
Assembly line production – The assembly line is a manufacturing process in sequential manner to added to a 
product in sequential manner to create a finished product. 
 
Very Short Type Questions – 
 
Q.1: -  What was the Bretton wood system?  
Ans.  It was post war international economic system 
Q.2: -  What did indentured labour mean? 
Ans.  Bonded Labour  
Q.3: -  What were =Canal Colonies‘?  
Ans.  Irrigated areas  
Q.4: -  Which food traveled west from china to be called ?Spaghetti‘?  
Ans.  Noodles  
Q.5: -  Which disease spread like wild fire in Africa in the 1890‘s? 
Ans.  Cattle plague 
Q.6: -  Which was the Fabled city of gold? 
Ans. El Dorado  
Q.7: -  Who adopted the concept of assembly line to produce automobiles? 
Ans.  Henry Ford 
Q.8: - The Descendants of indentures workers is a Noble Prize winning writer is- 
Ans.  V. S. Naipaul  
Q.9: - The great Depression begin in 
Ans.    1929  
Q.10: - The Chutney music popular in- 
Ans.  South America 
Q.11: - Rinderpest is a? 
Ans.  Cattle disease in Africa 
Q.12: - What was the aim of post war international economic system?  
Ans.  The aim was to preserve economic stability and full employment in industrial world.  
Q.13. Which Institutions are refered as Bretton Woods twin?  
Ans.  IMF and World Bank. 
Q.14. What are MNCs?  
Ans.  MNCs means Multinational Coporation are large companies that operate in more than one countries.  
 
SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 
Q.1:-  What was the importance of the Indian trade for the British? 
Ans.:- 1. Trade Surplus – Britain had a Trade Surplus with Indian. Britain used this Surplus to balance its trade deficit 
with other countries. 
2. Home Charges – Britain‘s trade Surplus in India also helped to pay the so called home charges that 
included private remittance home by British officials and traders, interest payments on India‘s external debt 
and pensions of British officials in India. 
Page 5


1 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan 
18, Institutional Area, Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, 
New Delhi - 110 602. 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SUPPORT MATERIAL  
YEAR 2014-15 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class X 
Social Science 
KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN 
PATNA REGION 
2 
 
 
 
Acknowledgements 
REVIEW COMMITTEE 
  
 
Workshop& Venue Director:  Mr. M. S. Chauhan 
 Deputy Commissioner 
KVS, RO PATNA(Bihar) 
 
Convenor:     Sh. A. K. Mishra 
 Principal, KV Muzaffarpur 
 
 
Members of Support Material Review Team : 
 
1. Mr. A. P. Sharma 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Muzaffarpur (F/S) 
2. Mr. V. N. Choudhary 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Samastipur 
 
3. Mr. V. S. Malviya 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Mokamaghat CRPF 
 
4. Mr. S. K. Singh 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Garhara 
 
5. Dr. I. N. Jha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Kishanganj 
 
6. Mr. S. K. Pandey  
TGT (S.ST.), KV Jamalpur 
7. Mr. Sudhakar Mishra 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Masrakh 
 
8. Mrs. Rashmi Sinha 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
9. Mrs. Kiran Kumari 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V. Danapur Cantt. 
 
10. Mr. Shashi Shekher 
TGT (S.ST.) K.V.No.1. Gaya 
 
 
 
 
3 
 
SPLIT UP SYLLABUS 2014-15 
CLASS- X 
Month Sl. 
No. 
Topics 
April 1. The Making of a Global World (His.-4) 
                         Or 
 2. The Age of Industrialisation (His.-5)  
                         Or  
 3. Work, Life and Leisure (His.-6) 
 4. Resources and Development (Geog.-1) 
 5. Development (Eco.-1) 
   
May 6. Power Sharing  (Pol. Sci.-1) 
 7. Federalism (Pol.Sci.-2) 
   
June 8. Forest and Wildlife Resources (Geog.-2) 
   
July 9. Print Culture and the Modern World (His.-7)  
                         Or 
 10 Novels, Society and History (His.-8)  
 11 Water Resources (Geog.-3) 
 12. Sectors of the Indian Economy (Eco.-2) 
   
August 13. Democracy and Diversity (Pol.Sci.-3) 
 14. Gender, Religion and Caste (Pol.Sci.-4) 
 15. Agriculture (Geo.-4) 
   
September 16. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe (His. -1) 
                          Or  
 17. The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China (His.-2)  
   
October 18. Mineral and Energy Resources (Geog.-5)   
 19. Money and Credit (Eco.-3) 
   
November  20. Popular Struggles and Movements (Pol.Sci.-5) 
 21. Political Party (Pol.Sci-6) 
 22. Manufacturing Industries (Geog. -6) 
   
December 23. Nationalism in India (His.-3) 
 24. Globalization and the Indian Economy (Eco.-4) 
   
January  25. Lifelines of National Economy (Geog.-7) 
 26. Outcomes of Democracy (Pol.Sci.-7) 
   
February 27. Consumers Rights (Eco.-5) 
 28. Challenges to Democracy  (Pol. Sci.-8) 
   
March 29. Revision for SA-II Exam 
 
 
 
4 
 
 
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT,TERM-I 
HISTORY  
LESSON- 4 
THE MAKING OF A GLOBAL WORLD 
 
Brief Concepts of the Lesson - Trade is the activity of buying selling or exchanging goods or services between 
people firms or countries. 
Indentured labour—A bonded labourer under contract to work for an employer for a specific amount to work for 
an employer for a specific amount of time to pay off his passage to a new country or home. 
Tariff – Tax imposed on a country‘s imports from the rest of the world. Tariff are levied at the point of entry i.e. 
the border or the airport. 
Corn laws—The laws allowing the British Govt. to restrict the import of corn were popularly known as the corn 
laws. 
Assembly line production – The assembly line is a manufacturing process in sequential manner to added to a 
product in sequential manner to create a finished product. 
 
Very Short Type Questions – 
 
Q.1: -  What was the Bretton wood system?  
Ans.  It was post war international economic system 
Q.2: -  What did indentured labour mean? 
Ans.  Bonded Labour  
Q.3: -  What were =Canal Colonies‘?  
Ans.  Irrigated areas  
Q.4: -  Which food traveled west from china to be called ?Spaghetti‘?  
Ans.  Noodles  
Q.5: -  Which disease spread like wild fire in Africa in the 1890‘s? 
Ans.  Cattle plague 
Q.6: -  Which was the Fabled city of gold? 
Ans. El Dorado  
Q.7: -  Who adopted the concept of assembly line to produce automobiles? 
Ans.  Henry Ford 
Q.8: - The Descendants of indentures workers is a Noble Prize winning writer is- 
Ans.  V. S. Naipaul  
Q.9: - The great Depression begin in 
Ans.    1929  
Q.10: - The Chutney music popular in- 
Ans.  South America 
Q.11: - Rinderpest is a? 
Ans.  Cattle disease in Africa 
Q.12: - What was the aim of post war international economic system?  
Ans.  The aim was to preserve economic stability and full employment in industrial world.  
Q.13. Which Institutions are refered as Bretton Woods twin?  
Ans.  IMF and World Bank. 
Q.14. What are MNCs?  
Ans.  MNCs means Multinational Coporation are large companies that operate in more than one countries.  
 
SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 
Q.1:-  What was the importance of the Indian trade for the British? 
Ans.:- 1. Trade Surplus – Britain had a Trade Surplus with Indian. Britain used this Surplus to balance its trade deficit 
with other countries. 
2. Home Charges – Britain‘s trade Surplus in India also helped to pay the so called home charges that 
included private remittance home by British officials and traders, interest payments on India‘s external debt 
and pensions of British officials in India. 
5 
 
 
 
3. Major Supplier of cotton – India remained a major supplier of raw cotton to British which was required to 
feed the cotton textile industry of Britain. 
4. Supplier if indenture workers – Many indenture workers from Bihar, U.P., central India migrated to other 
countries to work in mines and plantations. 
Q.2:-    How Bretton Woods System Worked? 
 Ans.:-   1. The international monetary system is the system linking national currencies and monetary system. 
2. The Bretton woods system was based on fixed exchange rates. In this system the national currencies were 
pegged to the dollar at a fixed exchange rate. 
3. The Bretton woods system inaugurated an era of unprecedented growth of trade and incomes for the 
western industrial nations. 
Q.3: - What were the effects of the British Government‘s decision to abolish the corn laws?       
Ans.:- 1.  Food could be imported into Britain more cheaply than it would be   
produced within the country. 
2. British agriculture was unable to compete with imports. Vast Areas of land were left uncultivated and 
people started migrating to cities or other countries. 
3. As food prices fell, consumption in Britain rose. Faster industrial growth in Britain also led to higher 
incomes and therefore more food imports. 
4. Around the world in eastern Europe, Russia, America and Australia land were cleared and food production 
expanded to meet the British demand. 
Q.4: - What were the advantages of invention of refrigerated ship? 
Ans.:- 1. This reduced the shipping costs and lowered meat prices in Europe. 
 2. The poor in Europe could now consume a more varied diet. 
 3. To the earlier, monotony of Bread and Potatoes many, not all could  add meat, butter or egg. 
5. Better living conditions promoted social peace within the country and support for imperialism abroad.  
 
LONG ANSWERS TYPE QUESTIONS 
Q.1: - Explain the impacts of the First World War? 
Ans.:- 1. It was the first modern industrial was which involved industrial nations. 
 2. Machine guns, tanks, aircraft, chemical weapons etc are used on  
a massive scale. 
 3. Unthinkable death and destruction. 
 4. Most of the people killed and injured were man of working age. 
 5. Declined the household income. 
 6. Men were forced to join in the war. 
 7. Women slapped into undertake jobs which they were not used to. 
Q.2: - What were the effects of the great Depression on the Indian economy? 
Ans.:- 1. The economy depression immediately affected Indian Trade, as India‘s exports and                      
               imports nearly halved between 1928-1934 
2. Agriculture prices fell sharply, but the colonial government refused to reduce revenues.   
    Peasants producing for the world markets were worst hit. 
3. Raw jute was produced, processed in the industries to make gunny bags. Its exports    
    collapsed and prices fell by 60% peasants of Bengal fell into debt traps. 
4. Peasants used up their savings mortgaged lands and sold their  precious jewelry   
     to meet their expanses. 
Q.3: - 19th century indenture has been described as a =New system of slave ry‘.  Explain . 
Ans.:- In the 19
th
 century, hundreds of thousands of Indians and Chinese laborers went to work on plantations in mines 
and in mines and in road and railways construction projects around the world. 
1. In India, indentures laborers were hired under contracts which promises return travel to India after they had 
worked for five years on plantations. 
2. Gradually in India cottage industries declined, land rents rose, land were cleared for mines and plantations. 
All this affected the lines of the poor. They failed to pay their rents become indebted, and were forced to 
migrate in search of work. 
3. The main destinations of Indian indentured migrants were the Caribbean islands, Trinidad, Guyana, 
Surinam, Mauritius, Fiji and Ceylon and Malaya. 
4. Recruitment was done by agent engaged by employers and paid small commission.  
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