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Overview of Clauses | English Class 8 PDF Download

A Clause is a group of words that forms part of a sentence and has a subject and a finite verb of its own. In simple language we can say — a clause is a sentence within a sentence.

For example:

1. This is the man who won the trophy.
 2. I know that it is true.
 3. Tell me where you go.
 4. My uncle is a man whom everybody respects.

In the above sentences there are two parts.

Part 1Part 2
1. This is the manwho won the trophy. 
2.  I knowthat it is true.
3.  Tell mewhere you go.
4.  My uncle is a manwhom everybody respects.

 

Part 1 in these sentences does not depend on Part 2. But Part 2 depends upon Part 1 to give its complete sense. Part 1 is independent and therefore called as Independent or Main or Principal Clause. And Part 2 is called Subordinate or Dependent Clause.

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FAQs on Overview of Clauses - English Class 8

1. What is a clause?
A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate and can function as a sentence or as part of a sentence. It can express a complete thought or an incomplete thought depending on its structure.
2. What is the difference between a dependent clause and an independent clause?
A dependent clause, also known as a subordinate clause, cannot stand alone as a sentence because it does not express a complete thought. It relies on an independent clause to form a complete sentence. On the other hand, an independent clause can function as a complete sentence by itself as it expresses a complete thought.
3. What are the different types of clauses?
There are two main types of clauses: independent clauses and dependent clauses. Independent clauses can stand alone as a sentence, while dependent clauses cannot. Dependent clauses can further be classified into different types such as noun clauses, adjective clauses, and adverb clauses based on their grammatical function within a sentence.
4. How can I identify a clause in a sentence?
To identify a clause in a sentence, look for a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate. The subject typically names the person or thing that the sentence is about, and the predicate includes the verb and any other words that give more information about the subject. If a group of words can stand alone as a sentence and expresses a complete thought, it is an independent clause. If it relies on another clause to form a complete sentence, it is a dependent clause.
5. Can a sentence have more than one clause?
Yes, a sentence can have more than one clause. A sentence that contains two or more independent clauses is called a compound sentence. The independent clauses can be connected with coordinating conjunctions like "and," "but," or "or." Additionally, a sentence can have both independent and dependent clauses, creating a complex sentence. In a complex sentence, the dependent clause relies on the independent clause to form a complete thought.
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