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Kinds of Subordinate Clauses - Clauses | English Class 8 PDF Download

There are three kinds of Subordinate Clause:

1. Noun Clause
 2. Adverbial Clause
 3. Adjective Clause

1. Noun Clause in a sentence does the function of a noun. It functions as

  • subject to a verb 
  • object to a verb 
  • complement to a verb 
  • object to a preposition 
  • case in appositon

Examples:
 (i) What you say is true.
 (ii) I knew that the boy was visually impaired. 
 (iii) I don’t know whether he will go or stay at home. 
 (iv) I don’t know about what you plan.

A Noun Clause is generally introduced by that and question words such as why, what, how, etc. 

2. Adverbial Clause in a sentence does the function of an adverb.

Examples:
 (i) He got good marks because he was sincere.
 (ii) They left the purse where they found it. 
 (iii) Rohit visits hill stations whenever he has extra money. 
 (iv) I went to him so that I might help him. 
 (v) Walk fast lest you should miss the train.

3. Adjective Clause in a sentence does the function of an adjective.

Examples:
 (i) This is the man who gave me money. 
 (ii) He gave me the book which I wanted. 
 (iii) This is the car that I bought. 
 (iv) The man whom you talked is a social activist. 
 (v) The girl whose ring was lost went to the police station.

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FAQs on Kinds of Subordinate Clauses - Clauses - English Class 8

1. What are the different kinds of subordinate clauses?
Ans. There are three main kinds of subordinate clauses: adverb clauses, adjective clauses, and noun clauses.
2. How do adverb clauses function in a sentence?
Ans. Adverb clauses function as adverbs, modifying verbs, adjectives, or adverbs in the main clause. They provide information about time, place, manner, condition, reason, purpose, or contrast.
3. Can you provide an example of an adjective clause?
Ans. Sure! An example of an adjective clause is "The book that I borrowed from the library is very interesting." Here, the adjective clause "that I borrowed from the library" modifies the noun "book."
4. What is the role of noun clauses in a sentence?
Ans. Noun clauses function as nouns, serving as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, object of a preposition, or predicate nouns in a sentence. They can also act as the subject of a verb or the object of a verb.
5. How can I identify a subordinate clause in a sentence?
Ans. Subordinate clauses are dependent clauses that cannot stand alone as complete sentences. They often begin with subordinating conjunctions such as "because," "although," "when," "if," or "unless." To identify a subordinate clause, look for a subject and a verb and see if it can be a complete thought on its own.
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