Quadratic Equations occur almost everywhere in our real life. For example, even the problem of designing a playground can be formulated as a quadratic equation. When so many situations give rise to quadratic equations, it sparks a genuine interest in looking for their solutions. Let’s say Q(x) = 0 is a quadratic equation. The solutions to a quadratic equation represent the points where this equation is satisfied that is Q(x) = 0. The solutions are also called roots/zeros of the quadratic equation. Let’s look at some approaches for solving the quadratic equations.
A quadratic equation is a seconddegree polynomial. Its general form is given by,
ax^{2} + bx + c = 0
a, b and c are real numbers while a ≠ 0. Its shape is a parabola that opens upwards or downwards depending upon the value of “a”.
Its solution is the point where the equation is satisfied. There are several methods of finding out a solution to the quadratic equation given as follows:
Methods to solve quadratic equations
We try to factor out the equation such that we get the equation in form of the product of two terms. Then on equating these two terms to zero, we get the roots.
The following steps must be used for finding the roots with factorization:
The following steps must be used for finding the roots with factorization:
Let’s look at this method in more detail using the examples below:
Question 1: Factorize the following equation and find its roots: 2x^{2} – x – 1 = 0
Solution:
2x^{2} – x – 1 = 0
⇒ 2x^{2} 2x + x – 1 = 0
⇒ 2x(x – 1) + 1(x – 1) = 0
⇒ (2x + 1) (x – 1) = 0
For this equation two be zero, either one of these or both of these terms should be zero.
So, we can find out roots by equating these terms with zero.
2x + 1 = 0
x = 1/2
x – 1 = 0
⇒ x = 1
So, we get two roots in the equation.
x = 1 and 1/2
Question 2: Factorize the following equation and find its roots: x^{2 }+ x – 12 = 0
Solution:
x^{2} + x – 12 = 0
⇒ x^{2} + 4x – 3x – 12 = 0
⇒ x(x + 4) 3(x + 4) = 0
⇒ (x – 3) (x + 4) = 0
Equating both of these terms with zero.
x – 3 = 0 and x – 4 = 0
x = 3 and 4
All the quadratic equations can be solved using the quadratic formula.
For an equation of the form,
ax^{2} + bx + c = 0,
Where a, b and c are real numbers and a ≠ 0.
The roots of this equation are given by,
x =
Given that b^{2} – 4ac is greater than or equal to zero.
Question 1: Find out the roots of the equation using Quadratic Formula,
Solution:
4x^{2} + 10x + 3 = 0
Using Quadratic Formula to solve this,
a = 4, b = 10 and c = 3
Before plugging in the values, we need to check for the discriminator
b^{2} – 4ac
⇒ 10^{2} – 4(4)(3)
⇒ 100 – 48
⇒ 52
This is greater than zero, So now we can apply the quadratic formula.
Plugging the values into quadratic equation,
Question 2: Find out the roots of the equation using Quadratic formula,
5x^{2} + 9x + 4 = 0
Solution:
5x^{2} + 9x + 4 = 0
Using Quadratic Formula,
a = 5, b = 9 and c = 4.
Before plugging in the values, we need to check for the discriminator
b^{2} – 4ac
⇒ 9^{2} – 4(5)(4)
⇒ 81 – 80
⇒ 1
This is greater than zero, So the quadratic formula can be applied. Plugging in the values in the formula,
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1. What is a quadratic equation? 
2. How do you solve a quadratic equation by factoring? 
3. Can all quadratic equations be solved by factoring? 
4. What is the quadratic formula? 
5. How do you solve a quadratic equation using the quadratic formula? 

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