Class 7 Exam  >  Class 7 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 7  >  NCERT Solutions: Eighteenth Century Political Formations

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History - Eighteenth Century Political Formations

Q1: State whether true or false:
(a) Nadir Shah invaded Bengal.

Ans: False

(b) Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore.
Ans: False

(c) Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
Ans: True

(d) Poona became the capital of the Marathas in the eighteenth century.
Ans: True


Q2: How were the Sikhs organised in the eighteenth century?
Ans:
(i) The Sikhs organized themselves into a number of bands called jathas, and later on misls under a number of able leaders.

Sikh KhalsaSikh Khalsa

(ii) The combined forces of Sikhs known as the grand army (dal Khalsa) used to meet at Amritsar at the time of Baisakhi and Diwali to take collective decisions.
(iii) They offered protection to the cultivators on the payment of a tax of 20 per cent of the produce called rakhi.
(iv) Guru Gobind Singh had inspired the Khalsa with the belief that their destiny was to rule.

Q3: Why did the Marathas want to expand beyond the Deccan?
Ans: (i) Marathas want to expand beyond the Deccan as expansion brought enormous resources.
(ii) The domination made to pay tribute as a way of accepting Maratha sovereignty.
(iii) Military campaigns also made other rulers hostile towards the Marathas.
(iv) The Marathas developed an effective administrative system by endless military campaigns.


Q4: Do you think merchants and bankers today have the kind of influence they had in the eighteenth century?
Ans: In today's world, merchants and bankers don't have the kind of influence they had in the eighteenth century. The idea of democracy has changed the whole scenario. Everything from revenue share to the price in the market comes under a rule which is governed by the higher authorities chosen itself by people unlike in the 18th century.


Q5: Did any of the kingdoms mentioned in this chapter develop in your state? If so, in what ways do you think life in the state would have been different in the eighteenth century from what it is in the twenty- first century?
Ans: One example:

  • Hyderabad (now in Andhra Pradesh)
  • Now democracy, right to vote, freedom of speech, well organised Judiciary and all people guaranteed certain fundamental rights.
  • No dictatorship

Old NCERT

Q1: Match the following:

subadara revenue farmer
faujdara high noble
ijaradar                  provincial governor
mislMaratha peasant warriors
chautha Mughal military commander
kunbisa band of Sikh warriors
umaratax levied by the Marathas

Ans:

subadarprovincial governor
faujdara Mughal military commander
ijaradar                  a revenue farmer
misla band of Sikh warriors
chautha tax levied by the Marathas
KunisMaratha peasant warriors
umaraa high noble


Q2: Fill in the blanks:
(a) Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the ________.

(b) Umara and jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal ________.
(c) Asaf Jah was given charge of the Deccan subadari in _______.
(d) The founder of the Awadh nawabi was _______.
Ans:
(a) Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the Deccan.
(b) Umara and jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal administration.
(c) Asaf Jah founded the Hyderabad state in 1724.
(d) The founder of the Awadh state was Burhan-ul-mulk-Sa’adat Khan.


Q3: What were the offices held by Sa‘adat Khan?
Ans: Sa‘adat Khan held the combined offices of Subadar, Diwani and Faujdar.


Q4: Why did the Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal try to do away with the jagirdari system?
Ans:
(i) Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal try to do away with the jagirdari system to decrease the influence of Mughal in their provinces.
(ii) The jagirdars appointed at the time of Mughals were corrupt so he reduced the size of jagirs, and appointed his own loyal servants to vacant positions.
(iii) They checked the accounts of jagirdars to prevent cheating and corruption. The revenues of all districts were reassessed by officials appointed by the Nawab’s court.
(iv) In an effort to reduce the Mughal influence in Bengal, Murshid Quli Khan transferred all Mughal jagirdars to Orissa and ordered a major reassessment of the revenues of Bengal. Revenue was collected in cash with great strictness from all zamindars. As a result, many zamindars had to borrow money from bankers and moneylenders.


Q5: What were the policies adopted by Asaf Jah to strengthen his position?
Ans: 
In order to strengthen his position Asaf Jah brought skilled soldiers and administrators from northern India who welcomed the new opportunities in the south. He appointed mansabdar's and granted jagirs.Although he was still a servant of the Mughal emperor, he ruled quiteindependently without seeking any direction from Delhi or facing anyi nterference.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History - Eighteenth Century Political Formations is a part of the Class 7 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 7.
All you need of Class 7 at this link: Class 7
65 videos|328 docs|46 tests

Up next

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History - Eighteenth Century Political Formations

1. What were the major political formations in the eighteenth century?
Ans. The major political formations in the eighteenth century were the absolute monarchies of Europe, the constitutional monarchies of Great Britain and the Netherlands, and the city-states of Italy.
2. What was the impact of the American Revolution on European politics?
Ans. The American Revolution had a significant impact on European politics. It inspired the French Revolution and other revolutionary movements in Europe, leading to the overthrow of many monarchies.
3. How did the Enlightenment influence politics in the eighteenth century?
Ans. The Enlightenment had a significant influence on politics in the eighteenth century. It promoted the idea of individual rights and freedoms, leading to the development of constitutional governments and the decline of absolute monarchies.
4. What role did the Industrial Revolution play in the political changes of the eighteenth century?
Ans. The Industrial Revolution played a significant role in the political changes of the eighteenth century. It led to the growth of cities, the rise of the middle class, and the development of new economic systems, which in turn led to political changes such as the rise of democracy and the decline of absolute monarchies.
5. How did the political changes of the eighteenth century impact the world today?
Ans. The political changes of the eighteenth century had a significant impact on the world today. The establishment of democracy and the protection of individual rights and freedoms are now considered essential elements of modern society. Additionally, the rise of capitalism and the growth of the middle class have transformed the global economy.
65 videos|328 docs|46 tests
Download as PDF

Up next

Explore Courses for Class 7 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Related Searches

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Sample Paper

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History - Eighteenth Century Political Formations

,

mock tests for examination

,

video lectures

,

ppt

,

Semester Notes

,

Summary

,

Important questions

,

Free

,

practice quizzes

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History - Eighteenth Century Political Formations

,

pdf

,

Viva Questions

,

Exam

,

study material

,

Objective type Questions

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History - Eighteenth Century Political Formations

,

MCQs

,

past year papers

,

Extra Questions

;