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Integrated Grammar Solved Exercises: Reported Speech | English Grammar Advanced - Class 10 PDF Download

Q1: Given below are instructions for opening a bank account. Use these to complete the paragraph that follows.

  • obtain form from the bank
  • fill in the form with all the relevant details
  • ask an account-holder to countersign your form
  • submit two passport-size photographs
  • deposit the minimum amount required

First a form must be (a) __ . All relevant details (b) __. The form must then (c) __. Two passportsize photographs along with proof of residence (d) __. Finally the minimum amount required (e) __. 

Answer:
First a form must be (a) _obtained from the bank_ . All relevant details (b) _should be filled in the form_. The form must then (c) _be counter-signed by an account-holder_. Two passportsize photographs along with proof of residence (d) _should be submitted_. Finally the minimum amount required (e) _must be deposited_. 

Q2: Given below are a few news headlines. Using information from the same, complete the sentences that follow.

1. India Allows Airspace to Pak 
In the first public move to diffuse tension between the two countries, India ________ through Indian airspace.
Ans. In the first public move to diffuse tension between the two countries, India _has allowed Pak planes to fly_  through Indian airspace.

2. Research Work at AIIMS Stalled for Want of Animals 
More than 50 research projects at the prestigious All India Institute of Medical Sciences _______ to conduct experiments on.  
Ans. More than 50 research projects at the prestigious All India Institute of Medical Sciences _have been stalled owing to non-availability of animals_ to conduct experiments on.

3. After making Toilets, MCD Looks for Users 
About 250 toilet complexes constructed by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi with Japanese aid have turned into liabilities as apparently  ____________ 
Ans. About 250 toilet complexes constructed by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi with Japanese aid have turned into liabilities as apparently there are no users that MCD is looking for.

4. Selling Kidneys to make a Living 
Starving Tribals of Idduki district _________ to make a living.  
Ans. Starving Tribals of Idduki district _are selling kidneys/are forced to sell kidneys_ to make a living.

5. Kidneys Donated without Medical Inspection 
Most of the kidney donation procedures  ______________ the required medical examination in Indian hospitals.
Ans. Most of the kidney donation procedures (are performed without)/(done lacked) the required medical examination in Indian hospitals.

Q3: The following passage has not been edited. There is one error in each of the lines. Write the incorrect word and the correction in the space provided.

-    Error           Correction
Traditionally the festival of Holi is told to(a)  
mark a beginning of summer. While(b)  
there are some people who rise a cheer(c)  
at that prospect, the rest of us neither sigh(d)  
resignedly or contemplate suicide, and began to             (e)  
hunt out our cottons, servicing all our cooling(f)  
devices, hang in the chiks, and prepare to(g)  
endure the season for heat, dust and sweat(h)  

Answer:

-    Error           Correction
Traditionally the festival of Holi is told to(a) told said
mark a beginning of summer. While(b) a the
there are some people who rise a cheer(c) rise raise
at that prospect, the rest of us neither sigh(d) that this
resignedly or contemplate suicide, and began to             (e) began begin
hunt out our cottons, servicing all our cooling(f) servicing service
devices, hang in the chiks, and prepare to(g) in up
endure the season for heat, dust and sweat(h) for of

 

Q4: Complete the following paragraph on one of the earlier voyages of Columbus by choosing the correct options.
Christopher Columbus , (a) ______________________________ born in 1451 AD. Unlike the people of his time, (b) ______________________________. In order to prove his belief he said (c) ______________________________, he could reach Japan. Queen Isabella of Spain supported him. Columbus sailed west (d)______________________________three ships. Unfortunately, one of the ships waswrecked. Columbus returned to Spain (e) ______ ________________________ to form a colony.

Answer:
(a) (i) a skilled sailor and an explorer, was ✓
     (ii) was skilled sailor and an explorer
    (iii) being a skilled sailor and an explorer was
    (iv) a skilled sailor and an explorer is

(b) (i) but Columbus believed that the Earth was round
     (ii) Columbus had believed that the Earth was round
    (iii) but Columbus believed that the Earth is round
    (iv) Columbus believed that the Earth was round ✓

(c) (i) if he sails west from Europe
    (ii) if he is sailing west of Europe
   (iii) if he sailed west from Europe  ✓
   (iv) if he sailed west to Europe

(d) (i) with a crew of ninety men on ✓
    (ii) having a crew of ninety men in
   (iii) with a crew of ninety men having
   (iv) going with a crew of ninety men on

(e) (i) left behind forty men in the island of Hispaniola
    (ii) leaving behind forty men on the island of Hispaniola ✓
   (iii) has left forty men on the island of Hispaniola
   (iv) is leaving forty men on the island of Hispaniola 

Q5: Complete the following passage by choosing the correct options from those given below.

Electronic commerce, it seems, still has (a) __________ limits, even in the Silicon Valley. For all the feverish excitement (b) __________ the tripling of electronic shopping last holiday season, the total money (c) __________ by American consumers online still (d) __________ to only about one percent of its total sales barely a tenth (e) __________ the revenues from (f) __________ method of distance selling that has been (g) __________ for a century; the catalogue. This may be because electronic shopping (h) __________ on quite a narrow range of goods, mainly books, toys and music. Worse, there (i) _________ many stories of failed and late deliveries. And, more recently, a string of hackers' attacks (j) __________ temporarily disabled some of the best-known e-commerce websites.

Answer:
(a) (i) their
     (ii) a
     (iii) the
     (iv) its 

(b) (i) about ✓
     (ii) of
    (iii) in
    (iv) for

(c)  (i) spend
     (ii) spending
    (iii) spent ✓
    (iv) being spent

(d) (i) amount
     (ii) amounted
    (iii) amounts ✓
    (iv) amounting

(e) (i) of ✓
    (ii) for
   (iii) by
    (iv) for

(f) (i) another ✓
    (ii) other
   (iii) some
   (iv) the other

(g) (i) user
     (ii) used
    (iii) uses
     (iv) in use ✓

(h) (i) concentrated
     (ii) is concentrating
    (iii) was concentrated
    (iv) had concentrated ✓

(i) (i) were ✓
   (ii) have been
   (iii) has been
   (iv) was

(j) (i) has
    (ii) have ✓
    (iii) having
    (iv) had 

Q6: In the passage given below, one word has been omitted in each line. Write the missing word along with the word that comes before and the word that comes after it in your answer sheet against the correct blank number. Ensure that the word that forms your answer is underlined.

It was my second year boarding- school---
and was sitting on platform No.8 at---
Ambala station waiting the north-bound train.             ---
I think I was about twelve at time. My---
parents considered me old to travel alone,---
and I arrived by bus Ambala early in---
the evening; now there was a wait midnight---
before my train arrived. Most the time I had been pacing up and down the platform.---

Ans.

It was my second year boarding- schoolyear in boarding
and was sitting on platform No.8 atand I was
Ambala station waiting the north-bound train.             waiting for the
I think I was about twelve at time. Myat that time
parents considered me old to travel alone,old enough to
and I arrived by bus Ambala early inbus at Ambala
the evening; now there was a wait midnightwait till midnight
before my train arrived. Most the time I had
been pacing up and down the platform.
Most of the
The document Integrated Grammar Solved Exercises: Reported Speech | English Grammar Advanced - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Advanced.
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FAQs on Integrated Grammar Solved Exercises: Reported Speech - English Grammar Advanced - Class 10

1. What is reported speech?
Ans. Reported speech is a way of reporting what someone else has said by changing the original speaker's words. In reported speech, we usually change the tense, pronouns, and some verbs to make the sentence grammatically correct.
2. What are the rules of changing pronouns in reported speech?
Ans. In reported speech, we change the pronouns according to the subject of the reporting verb. For example, if the reporting verb is in the third person singular, we change the pronouns as follows: I to he/she, you to they, we to they, he/she/it to they.
3. How do we change the tense of verbs in reported speech?
Ans. In reported speech, we change the tense of the verbs to reflect the time of the original speaker's words. For example, if the original speaker said, "I am going to the market," in reported speech, we would say, "He said he was going to the market." Here, the present continuous tense is changed to the past continuous tense.
4. What are the reporting verbs used in reported speech?
Ans. There are several reporting verbs used in reported speech, such as said, told, asked, replied, wondered, etc. The choice of reporting verb depends on the context and the nature of the speech being reported.
5. What is the difference between direct speech and reported speech?
Ans. Direct speech is when we quote the exact words of the speaker, using quotation marks. For example, "I am going to the market," said John. Reported speech is when we report what someone else has said without using their exact words. For example, John said he was going to the market.
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