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Conjunction

Conjunctions are the words that glue the words with words. They can be used to join Subject with Subjects, Part of Sentence with parts of Sentences, Sentences with Sentences and clauses together. They assist in conjoining the speech or parts of a language.

Examples:
As,

  • Meenu and Rishi are good friends.
                 ↓
           Conjunction
  • She must weep or she will die.
                              ↓
                      Conjunction
  • God made man and man made inventions.
                               ↓
                      Conjunction
  • Our boat is small but the sea is great.
                                  ↓
                       Conjunction

Types of Conjunctions

Conjunctions are of two kinds. They are:

  • Co-ordinating: Coordinating conjunctions are words that conjoin sentences with sentences, phrases with phrases, clauses with clauses, subjects with subjects. The examples of correlative conjunctions are: For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
    Examples of Coordinating Conjunctions:
    (i) This batch of mushroom stew is savoury and delicious.
    (ii) We should hate to waste a drop of water, for it is expensive and valuable these days.
    (iii) I will stay outdoors with friends or go home for a while.
  • Sub-ordinating: Subordinating conjunctions allow and introduce a subordinating or dependent clause. They glue an independent clause with a dependent clause. Out of all the conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions are the most tricky to follow and identify.

Note: 

  • ‘Independent clause’ is a clause that does not need any other clause to complete the sentence. They are independent on their own. ‘She did not study’ is an independent clause. 
  • ‘Dependent clause’ is a clause that needs a clause or a sentence to support its completion. ‘Because she did not study’ is a dependent clause. Few examples of Subordinating conjunctions are: Although, though, however, as, as long as, once, since, when, while, if, where.

List of Subordinating Conjunctions 

AsBefore
IfLeast
ThoughTill
UnlessWhere
UntilWhether
WhileWhither
Why, etc.
 

Use of Conjunctions

  • Not only .... but also is used before those words which it stresses.
    As,
    He is not famous in his state but also in his country. — wrong
    He is famous not only in his state but also in his country. — correct
  • Neither is followed by nor while either is followed by or
    As,
    She is neither intelligent or labourious. — wrong
    She is neither intelligent nor labourious.  — correct
    But,
    He is neither good at Physics nor at Chemistry. — wrong
    He is good neither at Physics nor at Chemistry. — correct
  • Both is followed by and
    As,
    Both Mohan or Ram goes there. — wrong
    Both Mohan and Ram go there. — correct
    Again,
    Both Sohan as well as Prem is good. — wrong
    Both Sohan and Prem are good. — correct
  • Though and although are followed by yet
    As,
    Though he is poor but he is honest.  — wrong
    Though he is poor yet he is honest.  — correct
    Although she is beautiful but she is gentle. — wrong
    Although she is beautiful yet she is gentle. — correct
  • Even if is followed by but
    As,
    Even if he is hungry yet he cannot beg.  — wrong
    Even if he is hungry but he cannot beg. — correct
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FAQs on Conjunction - 1 - English Grammar Basic - Class 10

1. What is a conjunction?
Ans. A conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. It helps to establish relationships between these elements, such as showing addition, contrast, or cause and effect.
2. What are the different types of conjunctions?
Ans. There are three main types of conjunctions: coordinating conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions, and correlative conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions connect words, phrases, or independent clauses of equal importance. Subordinating conjunctions introduce subordinate clauses that depend on the main clause. Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs to join similar words or groups of words.
3. How do coordinating conjunctions work?
Ans. Coordinating conjunctions, such as "and," "but," and "or," are used to join words, phrases, or independent clauses that have equal importance in a sentence. They can be used to show addition, contrast, choice, or alternative options. For example, in the sentence "I like apples and oranges," the conjunction "and" connects the two nouns, indicating that the speaker enjoys both fruits.
4. What is the role of subordinating conjunctions?
Ans. Subordinating conjunctions introduce subordinate clauses, which are dependent on the main clause of a sentence. These conjunctions show a cause-and-effect relationship, time, condition, or contrast between the two clauses. For instance, in the sentence "I will go to the park if it stops raining," the subordinating conjunction "if" introduces the condition for going to the park.
5. Can you provide examples of correlative conjunctions?
Ans. Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs to join similar words or groups of words. Some examples include "both...and," "either...or," "neither...nor," and "not only...but also." For instance, in the sentence "She can both sing and dance," the correlative conjunction "both...and" connects the verbs "sing" and "dance," indicating that she is capable of doing both activities.
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