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Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC PDF Download

Directions to Solve
Each of the following questions consists of two sets of figures. Figures A, B, C and D constitute the Problem Set while figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 constitute the Answer Set. There is a definite relationship between figures A and B. Establish a similar relationship between figures C and D by selecting a suitable figure from the Answer Set that would replace the question mark (?) in fig. (D).

Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Question 1)
Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:    
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
Answer Figure
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option C

Solution:
The half-shaded leaf rotates 135ºAnti Clock Wise and the un-shaded leaf rotates 135ºClock Wise.

Question 2)
Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures: 
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
Answer Figures:
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option A

Solution:
The upper element is converted to an element similar to the lower elements and each one of the lower elements is converted to an element similar to the upper element.

Question 3)
Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures: 

Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
Answer Figures:

Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5

Answer: Option A

Solution: The figure gets vertically inverted.

Question 4) Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC 
Answer Figures:
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Answer: Option B

Solution: Each one of the upperelementsisreplaced by an element similar to the lower element(s) and each one of the lower elements is replaced by an element similar to the upper element(s).

Question 5)
Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
Answer Figures:
Analogy: Solved Examples | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Answer: Option C

Solution:
Except for the dots, the remaining part of the figure rotates through 180o and shifts to the opposite side of the square boundary.

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FAQs on Analogy: Solved Examples - CSAT Preparation - UPSC

1. What is an analogy and how is it used in language?
An analogy is a comparison between two things that are similar in some way, often used to explain or illustrate a concept. In language, analogies are used to draw similarities between different words, phrases, or ideas to help clarify their meaning. By comparing one thing to another, analogies can make complex concepts easier to understand.
2. Can you provide an example of an analogy in language?
Certainly! Here's an example: "Life is like a rollercoaster." This analogy compares the ups and downs of life to the thrilling and unpredictable experience of riding a rollercoaster. It helps to convey the idea that life has its highs and lows, just like a rollercoaster ride.
3. How can analogies enhance communication and learning?
Analogies can enhance communication and learning by providing familiar reference points that make new or complex information more relatable. By comparing something unfamiliar to something familiar, analogies help to bridge the gap between the known and the unknown, making it easier for people to grasp new concepts and ideas.
4. Are there any limitations or drawbacks to using analogies in language?
Yes, there are some limitations to using analogies in language. One limitation is that analogies are subjective and can be interpreted differently by different individuals. Also, if an analogy is not well-chosen or explained adequately, it can lead to confusion or misinterpretation. It's important to use analogies carefully and ensure they accurately convey the intended meaning.
5. Can analogies be used in exams or assessments?
Yes, analogies can be used in exams or assessments to test a student's understanding and ability to make connections between different concepts or ideas. They can be particularly useful in subjects like language, mathematics, and science. By presenting analogies, educators can assess a student's critical thinking skills and their ability to apply knowledge in different contexts.
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