DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 1

# DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 1 | Physics Class 11 - NEET PDF Download

Section-I
Single Correct Option
Q.1. Which one of the following has the dimensions of pressure?
(a) [ML-2T-2
(b) [M-1 L-1
(c) [MLT-2
(d) [ML-1T-2]
Ans. (d)

Sol:

= [ML-1T-2]

Q.2. Which of the following will have the dimensions of time
(a) LC
(b) R/L
(c) L/R
(d) C/L
Ans. (c)

W = I2 Rt

Using Eq. (i)
[R] = [L]/[T]
i.e., [T] = [L/R]
Option  is correct.

Q.3. The force F on a sphere of radius a moving in a medium with velocity v is given by F = 6πηa v. The dimensions of-η are
(a) [ML-3
(b) [MLT-2
(c) [MT- 1
(d) [ML-1T-1]
Ans: (d)

F= 6π ηav

Q.4. The dimensional formula for magnetic flux is
(a) [ML2T -2A-1
(b) [ML3T-2A-2]
(c) [M0 L-2T-2A-2
(d) [ML2T-1A2]
Ans: (a)

φ = Li
∴  [φ] = [L] [i]
=[ML2 T-2 A-2] [A]
=[ML2 T-2 A-1]
Option  is correct.

Q.5. Dimensions of linear impulse are
(a) [ML-2T-3]
(b) [ML-2]
(c) [MLT -1]
(d) [MLT-2]
Ans. (c)

Linear impulse (I) = F × Δt
[I ] = [MLT-2] [T]
= [MLT-1]

Q.6. What is the dimensional formula of gravitational constant?
(a) [ML2T-2
(b) [ML-1T -1
(c) [M-1L3 T-2
(d) None of these
Ans. (c)

Q.7.Using mass (M), length (L), time (T) and current (A) as fundamental quantities, the dimension of permeability is
(a) [M-1LT-2A]
(b) [ML-2T-2A-1
(c) [MLT -2A-2
(d) [MLT -1 A-1]
Ans. (c)

Q.8. The equation of a wave is given bywhere ω is angular velocity and v is the linear velocity. The dimensions of k will be
(a) [T2
(b) [T-1
(c) [T]
(d) [LT]
Ans. (c)

Q.9. A force is given by F = at + bt2
where t is the time. The dimensions of a and b are
(a) [MLT -4] and [MLT 1
(b) [MLT-1] and [MLT0
(c) [MLT-3] and [MLT -4
(d) [MLT -3] and [MLT0]
Ans. (c)

Q.10. The dimensional formula for Planck’s constant and angular momentum are
(a) [ML2T-2] and [MLT-1
(b) [ML2T-1] and [ML2T-1
(c) [ML3T1] and [ML2T -2
(d) [MLT-1] and [MLT-2]
Ans. (b)

Angular momentum (J) = nh/2π
[J] = [h] = [ML2 T-1]

Q.11. If the energy (E), velocity (v) and force (F) be taken as fundamental quantities, then the dimensions of mass will be
(a) Fv-2 (b) Fv-1 (c) Ev-2 (d) Ev2
Ans. (c)

[Energy] = [ML2T-2]
= -[M] [LT-1]2
∴ [Mass] = [Ev-2]
Option  is correct.

Q.12. The dimension of  (ε0 is the permittivity of free space and E is electric field), is
(a) [ML2T-1
(b) [ML- 1T-2
(c) [ML2T-2
(d) [MLT-1]
Ans. (b)

= Energy density = Energy/Volume
∴
= [ML-1 T-2]

Q.13. The dimensions of a/b in the equation  where P is pressure, x is distance and t is time, are
(a) [M2 LT -3
(b) [MT-2
(c) [LT-3
(d) [ML3 T-1]
Ans. (b)

Sol: [a] = [T2]

Q.14. Dimension of velocity gradient is
(a) [M°L°T-1
(b) [ML- 1T-1
(c) [M°LT-1
(d) [ML°T-1]
Ans. (a)

Sol: Velocity gradient = dv/dx
= [T-1]
= [M0 L0 T-1]

Q.15. If force F, length Land time T are taken as fundamental units, the dimensional formula for mass will be
(a) [FL- 1T2
(b) [FLT-2
(c) [FL- 1T-1
(d) [FL5T2]
Ans: (a)

Q.16. Which of the following is the dimension of the coefficient of friction? (a) [M2 L2T]
(b) [M° L° T°]
(c) [ML2T-2
(d) [M2 L2T-2]
Ans. (b)

Sol: Coefficient of friction (μ)

∴   [μ] = [M0 L0 T0]
Option  is correct.

Q.17. If C and R denote capacitance and resistance, then dimensions of CR will be
(a) [M°L°TA°]
(b) [ML°TA-2
(c) [ML°TA2
(d) [ML°T2A-2]
Ans: (a)

q = CV
and V = iR
∴ q = iCR
it = iCR
⇒ [CR] = [t] = [M0 L0 T A0]

Q.18. The unit of permittivity of free space, ε0 is
(a) coulomb/newton-metre

(b) newton-metre2/coulomb2
(c) coulomb2/newton-metre2
(d) coulomb2 /(newton -metre)2
Ans: (b)

∴ Unit of ε0 = Newton-metre2 /coulomb2.

Q.19. The ratio of the dimensions of Planck’s constant and that of the moment of inertia is the dimension of
(a) frequency
(b) velocity
(c) angular momentum
(d) time
Ans. (a)

Angular momentum (J) = nh/2π

Q.20. The velocity v of a particle at time t is given by  where a, b and c are constants. The dimensions of a, b and c are respectively
(a) [LT-2], [L] and [T]
(b) [L2], [T] and [LT2]
(c) [LT2], [LT] and [L]
(d) [L], [LT] and [T2]

Ans. (a)

[c] = [T]

or [b] = [LT-1] [T] = [L]
[at] = [v] = [LT-1]
⇒ [a] = [LT-2]

Q.21. Given that  where y and x are measured in metres. Which of the following statements is true ?
(a) The unit of λ is same as that of x and A
(b) The unit of λ, is same as that of x but not of A
(c) The unit of c is same as that of 2π/λ
(d) The unit of (ct - x) is same as that of 2π/λ

Ans. (a)

[x] = [λ] = [L]
Further, y = A sinθ
∴ [A] = [y] = [L]

Q.22. The physical quantity having the dimensions [M-1L-3T3A2] is
(a) resistance
(b) resistivity
(c) electrical conductivity
(d) electromotive force
Ans. (a)

[X] = [M-1 L-3 T3 A2]

∴ X is resistance.  [∴W = i2 Rt]

Q.23. The torque of force  newton acting at the point  metre about origin is (in N-m)
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Ans. (b)

Q.24. If a unit vector is represented by  the value of c is
(a) 1
(b) √0.11
(c) √0.01

(d) 0.39
Ans: (b)

Q.25.  are two vectors such that  the angle between vectors is

Ans.

Q.26. The vector sum of two forces is perpendicular to their vector differences. In that case, the forces
(a) are not equal to each other in magnitude
(b) cannot be predicted
(c) are equal to each other
(d) are equal to each other in magnitude
Ans. (d)

Q.27. Which one of the following is a scalar quantity?
(a) Displacement
(b) Electric field
(c) Acceleration
(d) Work
Ans: (d)

Work  is a scalar quantity.

Q.28. Which one of the following is not the vector quantity?
(a) Torque
(b) Displacement
(c) Velocity
(d) Speed
Ans: (d)

Q.29. What is the dot product of two vectors of magnitude 3 and 5, if angle between them is 60°?
(a) 5.2
(b) 7.5
(c) 8.4
(d) 8.6
Ans: (b)

and angle between is 60°.

= 7.5

Q.30. Two vectors   are such that   and A2 + B2 = C2.
If 0 is the angle between positive direction of  then the correct statement is
(a) θ = π
(b) θ = 2π/3
(c) θ = 0
(d) θ = π/2
Ans: (d)

or
or
or
or
or cos θ = 0
or θ = π/2

Q31. Which one is a vector quantity?
(a) Time
(b) Temperature
(c) Flux density
(d) Magnetic field intensity

Magnetic field intensity.
Option (d) is correct.Vector Quantity has both Magnitude and Direction

Q32. Given that P = 12,Q = 5 and R =13 also  then the angle between  will be
(a) π
(b) π/2
(c) zero
(d) π/4

∴ Angle between Option (b) is correct.

Q33. The forces, which meet at one point but their lines of action do not lie in one plane, are called
(a) non-coplanar non-concurrent forces
(b) non-coplanar concurrent forces
(c) coplanar concurrent forces
(d) coplanar non-concurrent forces

non-coplanar concurrent forces

Q34. Given that  Two out of the three vectors are equal in magnitude. The magnitude of the third vector is √2 times that of the other two. Which of the following can be the angles between these vectors?
(a) 90°, 135°, 135°
(b) 45°, 45°, 90°
(c) 30°, 60°, 90°
(d) 45°, 90°, 135°

or
or
or  …(i)
Let Q2 = P2 and R = P√2
Thus, Eq. (i) takes the form
P2 + P2 + 2PQcos θ = 2P2
or 2PQcos θ = 0
or cosθ = 0
or  θ = 90°
∴ Angle between ∴ or or P2 + R2 + 2PR cos φ = Q2
or 2PR cos φ = Q2 - P2 - R2
or   2PR cos φ = - R2
or   2P cos φ = - R
or    2P cos φ = - P√2
or ∴ φ = 135°

∴  Angle between Option (a) is correct.

Q35. The angle between
(a) 90°

(b) between 0° and 180°
(c) 180° only
(d) None of these

Angle (φ) between Angle φ between This implies that angle between  and  will vary from 0 to π.Option (b) is correct.

Q36. Two vectors of equal magnitude have a resultant equal to either of them, then the angle between them will be
(a) 30°
(b) 120°
(c) 60°
(d) 45°

R2 = P2 + Q2 + 2PQcosθ
for R = P = Q
P2 = P2 + P2 + 2PPcos θ
or or    θ = 120°Option (b) is correct.

Q37. A force newton acts on a body and displaces it by metre. The work done by the force is
(a) 5 J
(b) 25 J
(c) 10 J
(d) 30 J

= 25 JOption (b) is correct.

Q38. If the vectors  are perpendicular to each other then the positive value of a is
(a) zero
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3

Other value is - ive.Option (d) is correct.

Q39. The angles which the vector  makes with the co-ordinate axes are

(d) none of the above

If a vector makes angles α, β and γ with the co-ordinate axes, then
cos2 α + cos2 β + cos2 γ = 1
∴ Option (a) is correct.

Q40. Unit vector parallel to the resultant of vectors

(d) None of these

and
∴ Option (b) is correct.

Q41. The value of n so that vectors  may be coplanar, will be
(a) 18
(b) 28
(c) 9
(d) 36

∴ Vectors  will be coplanar if their scalar triple product is zero i.e.,

or 65 - 4n + 7 = 0or  n = 18
Option (a) is correct.

Q42. Which one of the following statement is false?
(a) A vector has only magnitude, whereas a scalar has both magnitude and direction
(b) Distance is a scalar quantity but displacement is a vector quantity
(c) Momentum, force, torque are vector quantities
(d) Mass, speed and energy are scalar quantities

A vector has only magnitude, whereas a scalar has both magnitude and direction

Q43. are two vectors then the value of

Option (a) is correct.

Q44. The angle between the two vectors
(a) 60°
(b) 0°
(c) 90°
(d) None of these

= 0⇒ θ = 90°
Option (c) is correct.

Q45. Maximum and minimum values of the resultant of two forces acting at a point are 7 N and 3 N respectively. The smaller force will be equal to
(a) 5 N
(b) 4 N
(c) 2 N
(d) 1 N

A + B = 7
A - B = 3
∴ B = 2 N
Option (c) is correct.

Q46. The component of vector  along the vector
(a) 5/√2
(b) 10/√2
(c) 5 √2
(d) 5

Angle between and  Component of  Option (a) is correct.

Q47. The resultant of two forces 3P and 2P is R. If the first force is doubled then the resultant is also doubled. The angle between the two forces is
(a) 60°
(b) 120°
(c) 70°
(d) 180°

Option (b) is correct.

Q48. The resultant of two forces, one double the other in magnitude, is perpendicular to the smaller of the two forces. The angle between the two forces is
(a) 120°
(b) 60°
(c) 90°
(d) 150°

As   θ = 90°, tan α = ∞∴ P + Q cos α  = 0
i.e., ∴ α = 120°Option (a) is correct.

Q49. Three vectors satisfy the relation  is parallel to

⇒  …(i)⇒  …(ii)From Eq. (i) and Eq. (ii), we conclude that  is perpendicular to the plane containing

This implies that  is perpendicular to Option (c) is correct.

Q50. The sum of two forces at a point is 16 N. If their resultant is normal to the smaller force and has a magnitude of 8 N. Then two forces are
(a) 6N, 10N
(b) 8 N, 8 N
(c) 4 N, 12N
(d) 2 N, 14N

P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos α = R2
or P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos α = 82
or P2 + Q2 + 2PQ + 2PQ cos α - 2PQ = 64
or (P + Q)2 + 2 PQ (cos α - 1) = 64
or   (16)2 + 2 PQ (cos α - 1) = 64
or   2 PQ (cos α - 1) = - 192
or   PQ cos α - PQ = - 96 …(i)

(as θ = 90°)∴ P + Q cos α = 0
Qcos α = -P …(ii)
Using Eq. (ii) and Eq. (i),
P (- P) - PQ = - 96

or - P (P + Q) = - 96
or P = + 6 N∴ Q = 10 N
Option (a) is correct.

Q51. then the value of
(a) (A2 + B2 + AB)1/2
(c) (A + B)

⇒ tan θ = √3⇒ θ = 60°
= A2 + B2 + 2AB cos 60°
= A2 + B2 + AB

Q52. If the angle between the vectors the value of the product is equal to
(a) BA2 cos θ
(b) BA2 sin θ
(c) BA2 sin θ cos θ
(d) zero

is perpendicular to both ∴ or Option (d) is correct.

Q53. If a vector  is perpendicular to the vector  then the value of α is
(a) -1
(b) 1/2
(d) 1

⇒ - 8 + 12 + 8a = 0
∴ Option (c) is correct.

Q54. Minimum number of vectors of unequal magnitudes which can give zero resultant are
(a) two
(b) three
(c) four
(d) more than four

Q55. The (x, y, z) coordinates of two points A and B are given respectively as (0, 3, - 1) and (- 2, 6, 4). The displacement vector from A to B is given by

Option (c) is correct.

Q56. The sum of two vectors  is at right angles to their difference. Then
(a) A = B
(b) A = 2B
(c) B = 2A
have the same direction

Using answer to questions no. 35, as angle between A2 + B2 cos 2θ = 0
or  A2 = - B2 cos 2θ
or or  A2 = - B2 cos π
or   A2 = B2
⇒ A = B
Option (a) is correct.

## Match the Columns

Q1. Column-I shows some vector equations. Match column I with the value of the angle between A and B given in column II.

 Column I Column II (p) zero (q) π/2 (r) π/4 (s) 3π/4

or or ⇒ Thus, (a) → (r) (s).

(given)or or or sin θ = - sin θor   2 sin θ = 0
⇒ θ = 0 rad
or or  ⇒ or or or or ⇒

Section-II
Subjective Questions

Q1. Young’s modulus of steel is 2.0 x 1011 N / m2. Express it in dyne/cm2.

Q2. Surface tension of water in the CGS system is 72 dynes/cm . What is its value in SI units

Q3. In the expression y = a sin (ωt + θ), y is the displacement and t is the time. Write the dim ensions of a, ω and θ.

[a] = [y] = [L]
Sol: [wt] = [M0L0 T0] ∴ [ω] = [T-1]

[θ] = [M0L0 T0]

Q4. The relation between the energy E and the frequency v of a photon is expressed by the equation E = hv, where h is Planck’s constant. Write down the SI units of h and its dimensions.

Q5. Write the dimensions of a and b in the relation.

where P is power, x is distance and t is time.

[b] = [x2] = [L2]

Q6. Check the correctness of the relation  where u is initial velocity, a is acceleration and St is the displacement of by the body in tth second.

Here t in second. Hence the given equation seems to be dimensionally incorrect. But it is correct because 1 is hidden.

Q7. Let x and a stand for distance.  dim ensionally correct?

LHS is dimensionless. While RHS has the dimensions [L-1].

Q8. In the equation

Find the value of n.

LHS is dimensionless. Hence n = 0.

Q9. Show dimensionally that the expression,  is  dimensionally correct, where  Y is Young’s modulus of the material of wire, L is length of wire, Mg is the weight applied on the wire and l is the increase in the length of the wire.

Just write the dimension of different physical quantities.

Q10. The energy E of an oscillating body in simple harmonic motion depends on its mass m, frequency n and amplitude a. Using the method of dimensional analysis find the relation between E, m, n and a.

E = kmxnyaz.

Here k = a dimensionless constant
∴ [E] = [m]x [n]y [a]z
∴ [ML2 T–2] = [M]x[T–1]y[L]z
∴ x = 1, y = 2 and z = 2

Q11. The centripetal force F acting on a particle moving uniformly in a circle may depend upon mass (m), velocity (v) and radius r of the circle. Derive the formula for F using the method of dimensions.

(k = a dimensionless constant)
Solving we get,x = 1, y = 2 and z = - 1
∴

Q12. Taking force F, length L and time T to be the fundamental quantities, find the dimensions of (a) density, (b) pressure, (c) momentum and (d) energy.

[d] = [F]x [L]y [T]z
∴ [ML–3] = [MLT–2]x[L]y[T]z
Equating the powers we get,
x = 1, y = - 4, z = 2
∴ [ d] = [FL–4 T2]
Similarly other parts can be solved.

Vectors

Q13. Find the cosine of the angle between the vectors

Q14. Obtain the angle between

Angle between

Q15. Under what conditions will the vectors  be perpendicular to each other ?

Their dot product should be zero.

Q16. Deduce the condition for the vectors

Ratio of coefficients of  should be same.

Q17. Three vectors which are coplanar with respect to a certain rectangular co-ordinate system are given by

Find

(c) Find the angle between

No solution is required.

Q18. Find the components of a vector  along the directions of

Q19. If vectors  be respectively equal to  Find the unit vector parallel to

Q20. If two vectors are  By calculation, prove that

is perpendicular to both

Q21. Find the area of the parallelogram whose sides are represented by

Area of parallelogram

Q22. The resultant of two vectors  is at right angles to and its magnitude is half of Find the angle between

Q23. The x and y-components of vector  are 4 m and 6 m respectively. The x and y-components of vector  are 10 m and 9 m respectively. Calculate for the vector  the following
(a) its x andy-components
(b) its length
(c) the angle it makes with x-axis

Q24. Prove by the method of vectors that in a triangle

Applying sine law, we have

Q25. Four forces of magnitude P, 2P, 3P and AP act along the four sides of a square ABCDm cyclic order. Use the vector method to find the resultant force.

Q26.
R2 + S2 = 2(P2 + Q2)

R2 = P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos θ
S2 = P2 + Q2 - 2PQ cos θ
∴ R2 + S2 = 2 (P2 + Q2)

The document DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 1 | Physics Class 11 - NEET is a part of the NEET Course Physics Class 11.
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## Physics Class 11

102 videos|411 docs|121 tests

## FAQs on DC Pandey Solutions: Units, Dimensions & Vectors - 1 - Physics Class 11 - NEET

 1. What are the basic units of measurement in physics?
Ans. The basic units of measurement in physics are length (meter), mass (kilogram), time (second), electric current (ampere), temperature (kelvin), amount of substance (mole), and luminous intensity (candela).
 2. How are dimensions represented in physics equations?
Ans. Dimensions in physics equations are represented by square brackets, such as [L] for length, [M] for mass, and [T] for time. This helps in ensuring that the units on both sides of the equation are consistent.
 3. What is a vector quantity in physics?
Ans. A vector quantity in physics is a quantity that has both magnitude and direction. Examples of vector quantities include force, velocity, and acceleration.
 4. How do you add or subtract vectors in physics?
Ans. Vectors in physics can be added or subtracted by using the parallelogram law of vector addition. This involves drawing vectors as arrows with the tail of one vector placed at the head of the other vector.
 5. Why is it important to understand units, dimensions, and vectors in physics?
Ans. Understanding units, dimensions, and vectors in physics is crucial for accurately describing and analyzing physical phenomena. It helps in solving problems, making measurements, and predicting the behavior of systems.

## Physics Class 11

102 videos|411 docs|121 tests

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