Class 5 Exam  >  Class 5 Notes  >  Science Class 5  >  Practice Question: Skeletal System and Nervous System

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System

Q1: What is skeletal system?
Ans: The skeletal system is the framework of bones that gives support to our body.
Skeletal SystemSkeletal SystemQ2: Describe the different parts of the skeleton system.
Ans: The different parts of the skeleton system are:
1. Skull: The skull acts like a helmet and protects the brain.
2. Rib cage: The rib cage protects the heart and lungs.
3. Backbone: The backbone surrounds and protects the spinal cord.
4. Limbs: (Arms and legs) help us in doing many activities and in moving from one place to another.

Q3: What is a rib cage and how many pairs of ribs do most people have?
Ans: Ribs form a cage of bones around the chest called the rib cage. Most people have 12 pairs of ribs.Rib CageRib CageQ4: What is cartilage? Name any two organs of the human body that have cartilage.
Ans: Cartilage is a tough, elastic substance. It holds the bones together at the joints. Ears and nose have cartilage.
Cartilage between bonesCartilage between bonesQ5: Write any four functions of the skeletal system.
Ans: The functions of the skeletal system are:
1. The skeleton gives shape and support to our body.
2. It protects the soft internal organs:
(i) The skull protects the brain.
(ii) The rib cage protects the heart and the lungs.
(iii) The backbone protects the spinal cord.
3. It allows the movement of different body parts. 
4. Many bones in our body are hollow. They are filled with a jelly-like substance called bone marrow. Blood cells are made in the bone marrow.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System

Q6: Why do we need muscles? Describe the different types of muscles in a human body.
Ans: We need muscles to make movement possible and to hold the bones together. They also help in important processes like digestion. The different kinds of muscles are involuntary muscles and voluntary muscles.

1. Voluntary muscles: The movement of these muscles can be controlled by us. We can start or stop the movement by these muscles according to our wish. For eg: skeletal muscles are voluntary muscles.
2. Skeletal muscles: Skeletal muscles help in movement. For eg muscles in arms. These are the only type of muscles we can control directly.
3. Involuntary muscles: Involuntary muscles are the muscles whose movement cannot be controlled by us. Smooth and cardiac muscles are two types of involuntary muscles.
4. Cardiac muscles: Muscles in the heart are examples of cardiac muscles. We do not have any control over this type of muscles. They work automatically.
5. Smooth muscles: Muscles in the digestive system are examples of smooth muscles. We do not have any control over this type of muscles.

Q7: What are joints? Describe the different kinds of movable joints in our body.
Ans: A place where two bones meet is called joint.

The different kinds of movable joints are:

1. Ball and socket joint: This joint allows movement in many directions. For eg shoulder joint and hip joint. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System2. Hinge joint: This type of joint only allows back and front movement. It works like the hinges of a door. For eg bones in the knee, elbow, fingers and toes. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System3. Pivot joint: This joint allow us to move our head up, down and sideways. It is found between the first two vertebrae of our backbone. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System4. Gliding joint: The joint allows the bones to slide against each other in a gliding motion. For eg bones of wrist and ankle. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System

Q8: What are floating ribs?
Ans:
The ribs that are not attached to the sternum are called floating ribs.

Q9: What would happen if our lower jaw is fixed like other bones in the skull?
Ans: 
We would not be able to talk and eat.

Q10: Which is the longest and the smallest bone in the body?
Ans:
The longest bone: The thigh bone (femur).
The shortest bone: In the ear (stirrup).

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System

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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Skeletal System and Nervous System

1. What are the functions of the skeletal system?
Ans. The skeletal system provides support and structure to the body, protects internal organs, allows for movement, produces blood cells, and stores minerals such as calcium.
2. How many bones are in the human body?
Ans. An adult human body has 206 bones, which make up the skeletal system.
3. What is the role of the nervous system in the human body?
Ans. The nervous system controls and coordinates all bodily functions, responds to internal and external stimuli, and allows for communication between different parts of the body.
4. How does the skeletal system work with the nervous system?
Ans. The skeletal system provides a framework for the nervous system to transmit signals to different parts of the body. The bones protect the delicate nerves and allow for movement through joint connections.
5. How do injuries to the skeletal system affect the nervous system?
Ans. Injuries to the skeletal system, such as fractures or dislocations, can sometimes damage nerves that run through or near bones. This can lead to pain, numbness, or loss of function in the affected area.
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