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Class 4 SST Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Agriculture

2023


Q1: Explain any two features of Intensive Subsistence farming.  [2023]
Ans: 
Two features of Intensive Subsistence farming are:
(i) It is practiced in densely populated area.
(ii) It involves high degree of use of bio-chemical inputs and irrigation.

Q2: Identify the crop with the help of the following information and choose the correct option. 

  • This is the second most important Cereal Crop. 
  • This a Rabi crop. 
  • It requires a cool growing season and bright sunshine at the time of ripening. 
  • It requires 50 to 75 cm annual rainfall. 

(a) Wheat
(b) Maize
(c) Rice
(d) Sugarcane      [2023]
Ans:
(a)
 Wheat

Q2: Explain any three institutional reforms taken for the development of Indian agriculture. [2023]
Ans: 
The institutional reforms introduced by the Government, to help the farmers are given below.
(i) Crop insurance was provided for disease, fire, cyclone, flood, and drought.
(ii) To provide loans to farmers at low interest rates, banks, cooperative societies, grameen banks were established.
(iii) For the benefit of farmers, some of the schemes introduced were the Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS), Kissan Credit Card (KCC).
(iv) To help the farmers, special agricultural programmes and special weather bulletins were introduced on television and radio.
(v) To check exploitation of farmers by middlemen and speculators, procurement and remunerative prices, minimum support price was introduced by the Government for many important crops

2022

2021

Q1: Which of the following is not a characteristic of 'Intensive Subsistence Farming’ ?
(a) This is practised in areas of high population.
(b) It is an example of labour- intensive farming.
(c) High doses of biochemical inputs are used,
(d) It is an example of commercial farming
Ans: 
(d)
It is an example of commercial farming.

2020

Q1: Describe any three main features of ‘Rabi crop season.’   [Delhi 2020, 2019]
Ans: (a) Rabi crops are also known as winter crops. They are sown from October to December and harvested from April to June.
(b) Wheat, barley, pea, gram and mustard are the important rabi crops. Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are the important producers of rabi crops.
(c) Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the western disturbances helps in the success i of these crops. However, the success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh ; and parts of Rajasthan has also been an important factor in the growth of the above mentioned rabi crops.

Q2: Analyse any five features of Commercial Farming. [2020]
Ans:
(i) In commercial farming, most of the produce is sold in the market to earn money (as opposed to subsistence farming).
(ii) In this system, farmers use inputs like irrigation, chemical fertilisers, insecticides, pesticides, and high yielding varieties of seeds, etc.
(iii) Some of the major commercial crops grown in different parts of India are cotton, jute, sugarcane, groundnut, etc.
(iv) Rice farming in Haryana is mainly for commercial purpose as people of this area are predominantly wheat eaters.
(v) However, in East and North-Eastern states of India, rice cultivation would be largely of subsistence type.

Q3: Write the temperature requirement of Maize crop.    [2020]
Ans: It requires the temperature range between 21°C - 27°C.

Q4: Complete the following table with correct information for A and B:    [2020]

Class 4 SST Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Agriculture

Ans: A-75cm to 100 cm
B-21° to 27°C

Q5: Why is agriculture called the backbone of the Indian economy? Explain.   [Delhi 2020]
Ans: Agriculture is called the backbone of the Indian economy due to the following reasons:

  • It is the main occupation of the majority of people in India, providing employment to a significant portion of the population.
  • Agriculture provides raw materials to the manufacturing sector, supporting industrial development.
  • It ensures food security by producing food grains for the growing population.
  • Agriculture contributes to the development of the tertiary sector, as it requires services like transportation, storage, and marketing of agricultural produce.
  • It is the main source of the country's national income, contributing to the GDP.
  • Agriculture also plays a crucial role in the country's export sector, earning foreign exchange.
  • It helps in the overall development of rural areas and contributes to poverty alleviation.

2019

Q1: Describe any three main features of ‘Rabi crop season.’   [Delhi 2020, 2019]
Ans: (a) Rabi crops are also known as winter crops. They are sown from October to December and harvested from April to June.
(b) Wheat, barley, pea, gram and mustard are the important rabi crops. Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are the important producers of rabi crops.
(c) Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the western disturbances helps in the success i of these crops. However, the success of the green revolution in Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh ; and parts of Rajasthan has also been an important factor in the growth of the above mentioned rabi crops.

Q2: Describe any three main features of 'Kharif crop season.’ [Delhi 2019]
Ans:
(i) Kharif crops are also known as summer crops. They are sown at the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September-October.
(ii) Paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soybean are important kharif crops. Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are important rice growing states.
(iii) In Assam, West Bengal and Odisha; three crops of paddy are grown in a year. These are called Aus, Aman and Boro.

Q3: Describe the geographical conditions required for rubber cultivation. [2019 C]
Ans: Rubber is a crop that is primarily grown in equatorial regions, but it can also be cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. The geographical conditions required for rubber cultivation are as follows:

  • Moist and humid climate: Rubber plants thrive in areas with high humidity and abundant rainfall. The annual rainfall should be more than 200 cm.
  • Temperature: Rubber cultivation requires a temperature range above 25°C. It cannot withstand extreme cold temperatures.
  • Soil: Rubber plants prefer well-drained, fertile soil. Sandy loam and laterite soils are suitable for rubber cultivation.
  • Growing regions in India: Rubber is mainly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The Garo hills of Meghalaya also have rubber plantations.

Q4: Categorise the following as 'Rabi crops' and 'Zaid crops':  [Al 2019]
Ans: 
(i) Wheat - Rabi crop
(ii) Watermelon - Zaid crop
(iii) Fodder crops - Rabi crop
(iv) Mustard - Rabi crop
(v) Cucumber - Zaid crop
(vi) Peas - Rabi crop

Q5:  Describe the geographical conditions required for tea cultivation. [2019 C]
Ans: The geographical conditions required for tea cultivation are as follows:
(a) Temperature: Tea bushes require a hot and wet climate. The ideal temperature range for their growth is between 20°C to 30°C. Extreme temperatures below 10°C and above 35°C can be harmful to the plants.
(b) Rainfall: Tea plants need a good amount of rainfall ranging between 150-300 cm. The annual rainfall should be well-distributed throughout the year, as long dry spells can be detrimental to tea cultivation
(c) Soil: Tea bushes thrive in well-drained, deep, and loamy soil. The presence of humus and iron content in the soil is beneficial for tea cultivation. Shady areas with trees are preferred for tea plantations.

Q6: Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of 'wheat' in India. [2019 C, 2014]
Ans: The geographical conditions required for the growth of wheat in India are as follows:

  • Cool growing season: Wheat requires a cool growing season and bright sunshine during the ripening period.
  • Rainfall: Wheat cultivation requires an annual rainfall of 50 to 75 cm, which should be evenly distributed throughout the growing season.
  • Soil: Wheat grows well in fertile alluvial soil or mixed soil. Well-drained plain lands or gentle slopes are ideal for wheat cultivation.
  • Growing regions in India: The major wheat-producing regions in India are the Ganga-Satluj plains in the northwest and the black soil region of the Deccan. The states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, and parts of Madhya Pradesh are the main wheat-producing states.

Q7: Name the two major beverage crops grown in India. Describe their growing areas.   [2019]
Ans: The two major beverage crops grown in India are tea and coffee.
Tea cultivation is mainly done in Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Andhra Pradesh, and Tripura are also tea-producing states in the country. India is the second-largest producer of tea after China.
Coffee cultivation is confined to the Nilgiri in Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Karnataka accounts for 70% of the coffee produced in India.

Q8: Name the two major fibre crops grown in India. Describe the conditions required for the growth of these two crops with their growing areas. [2019]
Ans: The two major fibre crops grown in India are cotton and jute.
Conditions required for cotton:

  • Temperature: Cotton is the crop of tropical and subtropical areas and requires uniformly high temperature varying between 21°C and 30°C.
  • Rainfall: It grows mostly in the areas having at least 210 frost-free days in a year. It requires a modest amount of rainfall of 50 to 100 cm.
  • Soil: Cotton cultivation is closely related to Black soils of Deccan and Malwa plateau.

Conditions required for jute:

  • Jute grows well on well-drained fertile soils in the flood plains where soils are renewed every year.
  • High temperature is required during the time of growth.

2018 & Rest of Years Questions

Q1: The government of India has introduced various institutional and technological reforms to improve agriculture in the 1980s and 1990s. Support this statement with examples. [Delhi 2018]
Ans: The government of India introduced various institutional and technological reforms to improve agriculture in the 1980s and 1990s. Some examples of these reforms are:

  • Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, and disease to protect farmers from crop losses.
  • Establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies, and banks for providing loan facilities to farmers at lower interest rates.
  • Introduction of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) to provide financial support and insurance coverage to farmers.
  • Special weather bulletins and agricultural programs for farmers on radio and television to provide them with timely information and guidance.
  • Announcement of minimum support price (MSP) and remunerative prices for important crops to ensure fair prices for farmers' produce and protect them from exploitation by intermediaries.
  • Promotion of technological advancements in agriculture, such as the use of improved seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation techniques to increase productivity.

Q2: Explain any three steps for agriculture reforms taken by the Government of India, after the independence. [Delhi 2018]
Ans: 
Three steps taken for agriculture reforms by the Government of India after independence are as follows: (i) From the earliest days, agriculture was given great importance in the "five year plans". Other important steps included: (ii) Abolishment of zamindari system. The right to own the land was given to the actual cultivators which then led to an increase in the production. (iii) Cooperative societies were formed which provided quality seeds and fertilizers to farmers at a low price. (iv) Another act called 'land ceiling act' was passed, according to which the land could not be held by a person beyond a defined limit.

Q3: By which name is specialised cultivation of fruits and vegetables known?     [2017]
Ans: Horticulture

Q4: Describe 'Jhumming cultivation' in one sentence. [2017]
Ans:
Jhumming cultivation, also known as the slash and burn agriculture, is the process of growing crops by first clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning them thereafter.

Q5: Which factors has helped Punjab and Haryana to grow more and more of rice?    [2017]
Ans:  
Development of dense canal network and inputs like fertilisers and pesticides.

Q6: Which is the leading coffee producing state in India?   [2016]
Ans: 
Karnataka

Q7: What is the importance of millets?    [2016]
Ans: In addition to their good nutritional value, an important feature of these crops is that they require much less water to grow than rice and wheat. They can be successfully cultivated in semi-arid tropics and on poor soils

Q8: What is the importance of pulses in our country? Why are pulses grown as a rotation crop? [2017]
Ans: Pulses hold great importance in our country due to the following reasons:

  • Protein source: Pulses are rich in proteins and serve as a significant source of protein in the Indian diet. They are the second most important constituent after cereals.
  • Soil fertility: Pulses are grown as rotation crops because they help in restoring soil fertility. Being leguminous crops, they have the ability to fix nitrogen from the air, which improves soil health.
  • Water requirement: Pulses require less moisture compared to other crops, making them suitable for dry conditions.
  • Major pulse-producing states: Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh are the major pulse-producing states in India.

Q9: What are the growing conditions required for the main staple food crop of India? Mention the main growing regions. [2015]
Ans: The main staple food crop of India is rice. The growing conditions required for rice cultivation are as follows:
(a) High temperature: Rice is a Kharif crop and requires high temperatures above 25°C for its growth.
(b) High humidity and rainfall: Rice cultivation requires high humidity and an annual rainfall of over 100 cm. It thrives in areas with a high water table or near river valleys.
Main growing regions: Rice is grown in various regions of India, including the northern plains, northeastern India, coastal areas, deltaic plains, and river valleys.
Q10: How many cropping seasons are found in India? Name them and write a short note on each. [2015, 2014]
Ans: India has three cropping seasons, namely:
(i) Rabi: The rabi season begins with the onset of winter in October-November and lasts until March-April. It is characterized by low-temperature conditions, which are suitable for the cultivation of temperate and subtropical crops. Major rabi crops include wheat, gram, and mustard.
(ii) Kharif: The kharif season largely coincides with the southwest monsoon, which provides the necessary water for cultivation. It is suitable for the cultivation of tropical crops such as rice, cotton, jute, jowar, bajra, and tur.
(iii) Zaid: The zaid season is a short-duration summer cropping season that begins after the harvesting of rabi crops. It includes crops such as watermelon, cucumber, and other vegetables that can be grown during the summer months. 

Q11: Name any four oilseeds produced in India. Explain the importance of oilseeds in our day to day life. [2017]
Ans: Four oilseeds produced in India are groundnut, mustard, coconut, and sesamum.
Importance of oilseeds:

  • Most of these oilseeds are edible in the form of oil, which is an essential ingredient in cooking.
  • They are used as raw materials for manufacturing paints, varnishes, soaps, perfumes, etc.
  • Oil cake, the by-product of oilseeds, is used as cattle feed and fertilizer.

Q12: What are millets? Give a brief description of the climatic conditions and producing states of the millets grown in India.   [2017]
Ans: Millets are coarse grains that have high nutritional value, such as ragi, which is rich in iron and calcium.

  • (i) Jowar: It is a rain-fed crop that mostly grows in moist areas. It is grown in states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • (ii) Bajra: It grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. It is grown in states like Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • (iii) Ragi: It grows well in dry regions on red, black, sandy, and loamy soils. It is grown in states like Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Sikkim.

Q13: Explain any five initiatives taken by the government to ensure an increase in agricultural production.    [2017]
Ans: Five initiatives taken by the government to ensure an increase in agricultural production are:

  • Land reforms: The government implemented collectivization, consolidation of land holdings, cooperation, and abolition of zamindari to improve land productivity and reduce inequalities.
  • Agricultural reforms: The introduction of the Green Revolution and White Revolution (Operation Flood) aimed at increasing agricultural productivity and promoting dairy farming.
  • Land development programs: The government provided crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, etc., and established Grameen banks, cooperative societies, and banks to provide financial support and loans to farmers.
  • Introduction of schemes like Kisan Credit Card (KCC) and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) to provide financial assistance and insurance coverage to farmers.
  • Promotion of modern agricultural practices and technologies such as soil testing facilities, cold storage, and transportation to improve agricultural productivity and reduce post-harvest losses.

Q14: Which crop is known as the 'golden fibre'? Explain any two geographical conditions essential for the cultivation of this crop. Mention its any four uses. [2016]
Ans:
(i) Jute is known as the 'golden fibre'.
(ii) Geographical conditions required for the cultivation of jute:

  • It grows well in drained fertile soil of the flood plains where the soil is renewed every year.
  • High temperature is required during the time of growth.

Uses of jute:

  • Jute can be used to manufacture gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets, and other artifacts.

Q.10. Mention any two geographical conditions required for the growth of the maize crop in India. Describe any three factors that have contributed to an increase in maize production.   [2015]
Ans: Geographical conditions required for the growth of the maize crop in India:

  • It is a kharif crop that requires a temperature between 21°C to 27°C.
  • It grows well in alluvial soil.

Factors contributing to the increase in maize production:

  • Use of modern inputs such as high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation.
  • Adoption of improved farming techniques and practices.
  • Government support through subsidies and incentives to maize farmers.

Q15: Explain any three geographical conditions required for the growth of rice in India. How is it possible to grow rice in areas of less rainfall? Explain with examples. [2015]
Ans: Three geographical conditions required for the growth of rice in India:

  • High temperature (above 25°C)
  • Annual rainfall above 100 cm
  • High humidity

Rice can be grown in areas of less rainfall with the help of irrigation. For example, in Punjab and Haryana, rice cultivation is possible despite receiving less rainfall because these states have a well-developed canal irrigation system. Water is supplied to the fields through canals, ensuring sufficient moisture for rice cultivation.

The document Class 4 SST Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Agriculture is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Class 4 SST Chapter 4 Previous Year Questions - Agriculture

1. What are the different types of agriculture practices discussed in class 10?
Ans. The different types of agriculture practices discussed in class 10 include subsistence farming, commercial farming, intensive farming, extensive farming, and plantation farming.
2. How does irrigation play a crucial role in agriculture?
Ans. Irrigation plays a crucial role in agriculture by providing water to crops, especially in areas with insufficient rainfall. It helps in increasing crop yield and ensuring optimal growth and development of plants.
3. What are the major challenges faced by farmers in agriculture?
Ans. Some major challenges faced by farmers in agriculture include lack of access to modern technology, inadequate irrigation facilities, fluctuating market prices, pests and diseases affecting crops, and climate change.
4. How does organic farming differ from conventional farming methods?
Ans. Organic farming relies on natural methods of pest control and fertilization, avoiding the use of synthetic chemicals. Conventional farming, on the other hand, uses synthetic pesticides and fertilizers to maximize crop yield.
5. How can sustainable agriculture benefit both farmers and the environment?
Ans. Sustainable agriculture practices promote the long-term health of the soil, reduce chemical inputs, conserve water resources, and support biodiversity. This benefits farmers by ensuring stable crop yields and profits, while also protecting the environment for future generations.
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