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Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Previous Year Questions - The Story of Palampur

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Name any one activity in Palampur which is associated with the tertiary sector.    [CBSE 2017]
Ans. Transport

Q.2. When is the Kharif crop season?    [CBSE 2017]
Ans. Kharif cropping season is from July to October during the south-west monsoon.
Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Previous Year Questions - The Story of PalampurQ.3. What can be done to increase the non-farm activities in the Indian Villages?    [CBSE 2016]
Ans. The things which can be done to increase the non-farm activities in the Indian villages are:
(a) Banks should provide loans at low-interest rates so that the poor villagers can start some small-scale businesses and can earn their livelihood.
(b) The government should initiate effective employment generating schemes like small-scale industries, computer training centers, vocational courses etc.
(c) The government should provide training to the villagers in different skills.


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. What is the aim of production? State any four requirements for production.    [CBSE 2016]
Ans. The aim of production is to generate income for those people who are involved in the production of goods and services.
The four requirements for production are:
(a) Land: It is a passive factor of production. It requires human effort to make it a productive resource. No activity can take place in the absence of land and it is the basis of all human activities.
(b) Labor: The second requirement is labor, i.e., people who do the work. Some activities require educated and skilled labor to perform the necessary tasks and others require workers who can do the manual work.
(c) Physical capital: The third requirement is physical capital. There are a variety of inputs like machines, tools, raw materials and money required at every stage of production. It includes fixed capital and working capital.
(d) Human capital: It is the knowledge and enterprise to be able to put together land, labor and physical capital to produce an output either to use for themselves or to sell in the market.

Q.2. Distinguish between traditional farming methods and modern farming methods.    [CBSE 2016]
Ans.
Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Previous Year Questions - The Story of Palampur

Q.3. Name any four non-farm production activities practised in Palampur. Give brief descriptions of any three.    [CBSE 2015]

Or

Mention any four non-farm production activities of village Palampur. Which activity do you feel most useful for the villagers? Give any two reasons.
Ans. The non-farm activities practiced in Palampur are:
(a) Daily farming: People in Palampur rear buffaloes. They feed them on different types of grass, jowar and bajra. Milk is sold in nearby villages. Some people also set up collection and chilling centers from where milk is transported to nearby cities and towns.
(b) Small-scale manufacturing: This involves simple production methods and is done on small scale. These are carried out at home with family members as laborers. The laborers are rarely hired for these activities.
(c) Shopkeeping: Shopkeepers in Palampur buy goods from wholesale markets in the cities and sell them in the village. Small stores sell a wide range of products like rice, wheat, sugar, oil and some clothes. Some people who have shops near the bus stop use them to sell eatables.
(d) Transport: There are different means of transport in Palampur like rickshaws, tongas, trucks, jeeps and tractors. These means of transport are used to transport goods and people from village to cities and the people get paid for this.
(e) Self-employed: Some people have open computer training centers, stitching centers etc. to obtain more profit and to train more people for better opportunities in life.
I think computer education is most useful for the villagers because:
(i) It generates employment for the people being educated.
(ii) It employs skilled persons in the village to teach so that they would not go to other cities and towns in search of employment opportunities.

The document Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Previous Year Questions - The Story of Palampur is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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FAQs on Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Previous Year Questions - The Story of Palampur

1. What is the story of Palampur?
Ans. The story of Palampur is a chapter from the NCERT textbook for class 9. It is about a village named Palampur, which is well-connected with neighboring villages and towns. The chapter discusses various aspects of the village's economy, such as farming, non-farming activities, and infrastructure. It also highlights the problems faced by the villagers and the measures they take to overcome them.
2. What are the main features of the village of Palampur?
Ans. The main features of the village of Palampur are as follows: - Palampur is a well-connected village with good road and rail links to neighboring villages and towns. - The village has a few primary schools and a primary health center. - The village has an electric transformer, which provides electricity to all households. - The village has three types of farming systems: irrigated, unirrigated, and multiple cropping. - Non-farming activities like dairy, small-scale manufacturing, and shopkeeping are also prevalent in the village.
3. What are the major sources of income in Palampur?
Ans. The major sources of income in Palampur are farming and non-farming activities. Farming is the main occupation of the villagers, and they practice three different farming systems: irrigated, unirrigated, and multiple cropping. Apart from farming, non-farming activities like dairy, small-scale manufacturing, and shopkeeping also contribute to the villagers' income. These activities provide employment opportunities and help in diversifying the village's economy.
4. What are the challenges faced by the villagers of Palampur?
Ans. The villagers of Palampur face several challenges, including: - Lack of proper irrigation facilities: Due to the absence of a canal system, many farmers depend on rainfall for irrigation, which limits their productivity. - Small landholdings: Most of the farmers have small landholdings, which restrict their ability to earn a decent income. - Lack of capital: Many farmers do not have enough capital to invest in modern farming techniques and machinery, which affects their productivity. - Lack of education and healthcare facilities: The village has a few primary schools and a primary health center, but the facilities are limited. - Unemployment: As the population grows, the availability of employment opportunities becomes a challenge for the villagers.
5. How do the villagers of Palampur overcome their challenges?
Ans. The villagers of Palampur employ various strategies to overcome their challenges, such as: - Collective farming: The villagers practice collective farming to overcome the limitation of small landholdings. They pool their resources and work together to increase productivity. - Diversification of income: The villagers engage in non-farming activities like dairy, small-scale manufacturing, and shopkeeping to supplement their income from farming. - Investment in human capital: The villagers prioritize education and healthcare. They send their children to schools in nearby towns and avail the services of private doctors when necessary. - Formation of cooperatives: The villagers form cooperatives to access credit and modern farming techniques. These cooperatives help them overcome the challenge of lack of capital. - Adoption of modern farming techniques: Some progressive farmers in Palampur have adopted modern farming techniques like using high-yielding variety seeds, fertilizers, and machinery to enhance productivity.
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