The Laws of Motion is an important chapter in NEET Physics. It is a fundamental concept that forms the basis for understanding many other topics in Physics. Let's have a look at Previous Year Questions of the chapter:
Q 1. A football player is moving southward and suddenly turns eastward with the same speed to avoid an opponent. The force that acts on the player while turning is [2023]
A: Along eastward
B: Along northward
C: Along northeast
D: Along southwest
Ans: C
Solution:
Direction of change of momentum and direction of force acting on the player will be same, so correct answer is North east direction
Q 2. Calculate the maximum acceleration of a moving car so that a body lying on the floor of the car remains stationary. The coefficient of static friction between the body and the floor is 0.15 ( g = 10 m s^{–2}). [2023]
A: 1.2 m s^{–2}
B: 150 m s^{–2}
C: 1.5 m s^{–2}
D: 50 m s^{–2}
Ans: C
Solution:
Q 3. An electric lift with a maximum load of 2000 kg (lift + passengers) is moving up with a constant speed of 1.5 ms^{–1}. The frictional force opposing the motion is 3000 N. The minimum power delivered by the motor to the lift in watts is : (g = 10 m s^{–2 }) [2022]
A: 20000
B: 34500
C: 23500
D: 23000
Ans: B
Solution:
The power delivered by the motor to the lift can be calculated using the formula:
Power = Force x Velocity
In this case, the force is the sum of the weight of the lift and the passengers and the frictional force opposing the motion:
Force = (Weight of lift + passengers) + Frictional force
Weight of lift + passengers = Mass x gravity
= (2000 kg / 1000) x 10 m/s^{2}
= 20,000 N
Therefore,
Force = (20,000 N) + (3000 N)
= 23,000 N
Now, using the formula for power, we get:
Power = Force x Velocity
= (23,000 N) x (1.5 m/s)
= 34,500 W
Therefore, the minimum power delivered by the motor to the lift in watts is 34,500 W.
Q 4. A ball of mass 0.15 kg is dropped from a height 10 m, strikes the ground and rebounds to the same height. The magnitude of impulse imparted to the ball is (g = 10 m/s2) nearly : [2021]
A: 2.1 kg m/s
B: 1.4 kg m/s
C: 0 kg m/s
D: 4.2 kg m/s
Ans: D
Solution:
The impulse imparted to an object is given by the change in momentum of the object. In this case, when the ball strikes the ground, its velocity changes from a downward velocity to an upward velocity. Therefore, the change in momentum of the ball is given by:
Δp = 2mv
where m is the mass of the ball and v is the velocity of the ball just after it rebounds.
The velocity of the ball just before it hits the ground can be calculated using the equation of motion:
v^{2 }= u^{2 }+ 2as
where u is the initial velocity (which is zero since the ball is dropped from rest), a is the acceleration due to gravity (which is g since the ball is moving downward), and s is the distance traveled (which is equal to the height of the drop, 10 m).
Substituting the values, we get:
v^{2} = 0 + 2(10 m/s^{2 })(10 m)
v^{2 } = 200
v = √200 ≈ 14.14 m/s
The velocity of the ball just after it rebounds is also equal to v, since it rebounds to the same height. Therefore, the change in momentum of the ball is:
Δp = 2mv = 2(0.15 kg)(14.14 m/s) ≈ 4.24 kg m/s
The magnitude of the impulse imparted to the ball is therefore approximately 4.24 kg m/s.
So, the answer is closest to option (D) 4.2 kg m/s.
Q 5. Two bodies of mass 4 kg and 6 kg are tied to the ends of a massless string. The string passes over a pulley which is frictionless (see figure). The acceleration of the system in terms of acceleration due to gravity (g) is : [2020]
A: g/5
B: g/10
C: g
D: g/2
Ans: A
Solution:
Q 6. A block of mass 10 kg is in contact against the inner wall of a hollow cylindrical drum of radius 1 m. The coefficient of friction between the block and the inner wall of the cylinder is 0.1. The minimum angular velocity needed for the cylinder to keep the block stationary when the cylinder is vertical and rotating about its axis, will be : (g 10 m/s^{2}) [2019]
A: √10 rad/s
B: 10/2π rad/s
C: 10 rad/s
D: 10π rad/s
Ans: C
Solution:
For equilibrium of the block limiting friction
f_{L}≥ mg
⇒ μN ≥ mg
Q 7. A mass m is attached to a thin wire and whirled in a vertical circle. The wire is most likely to break when: [2019]
A: The mass is at the highest point
B: The wire is horizontal
C: The mass is at the lowest point
D: Inclined at an angle of 60° from vertical
Ans: C:
Solution:
The tension is maximum at the lowest position of mass, so the chance of breaking is
maximum.
Q 8. When an object is shot from the bottom of a long smooth inclined plane kept at an angle 60° with horizontal, it can travel a distance x_{1} along the plane. But when the inclination is decreased to 30° and the same object is shot with the same velocity, it can travel x_{2} distance.
Then x_{1} : x_{2} will be: [2019]
A: 1: √2
B: √2: 1
C: 1: √3
D: 1: 2√3
Ans: C
Solution:
Q 9. Which one of the following statements is incorrect?
A: Rolling friction is smaller than sliding friction
B: Limiting value of static friction is directly proportional to normal reactions
C: Frictional force opposes the relative motion
D: Coefficient of sliding friction has dimensions of length [2018]
Ans: D
Solution:
Q 10. A block of mass m is placed on a smooth inclined wedge ABC of inclination θ as shown in the figure. The wedge is given an acceleration 'a' towards the right. The relation between a and θ for the block to remain stationary on the wedge is : [2018]
A:
B:
C: a = g cos θ
D: a = g tan θ
Ans: D
Solution:
Q 11. Two blocks A and B of masses 3 m and m respectively are connected by a massless and inextensible string. The whole system is suspended by a massless spring as shown in figure. The magnitudes of acceleration of A and B immediately after the string is cut, are respectively : [2017]
A:
B: g, g
C:
D:
Ans: A
Solution:
Q 12. What is the minimum velocity with which a body of mass m must enter a vertcal loop of radius R so that it can complete the loop ? [2016]
A: √5gR
B: √gR
C: √2gR
D: √3gR
Ans: A
Solution:
The question is illustrated in the figure below,
Let, the tension at point A be TA.
Using Newton's second law, we have
Energy at point C is,
At point C, using Newton's second law,
In order to complete a loop, T_{c }≥ 0
so,
From equation (i) and (ii)
Using the principle of conservation of energy,
Q 13. A particle of mass 10 g moves along a circle of radius 6.4 cm with a constant tangential acceleration. What is the magnitude of this acceleration if the kinetic energy of the particle becomes equal to 8 x 10^{4}J by the end of the second revolution after the beginning of the motion ? [2016]
A: 0.2 m/s^{2}
B: 0.1 m/s^{2}
C: 0.15 m/s^{2}
D: 0.18 m/s^{2}
Ans: B
Solution:
Given, mass of particle. m = 0.01 kg
Radius of circle along which particle is moving , r = 6.4 cm
Kinetic energy of particle, K.E. = 8 x 10^{4} J
Given that, KE of particle is equal to 8 x 10^{4} J by the end of second revolution after the beginning of the motion of particle.
It means, initial velocity (u) is 0 m/s at this moment.
Now, using the Newton's 3rd equation of motion,
Q 14. A car is negotiating a curved road of radius R. The road is banked at an angle .. The coefficient of friction between the tyres of the care and the road is 1s. The maximum safe velocity on this road is: [2016]
A:
B:
C:
D:
Ans: C
Solution: A car is negotiating a curved road of radius R. The road is banked at angle straight theta and the coefficient of friction between the tyres of car and the road is straight mu subscript straight s.
The given situation is illustrated as:
In the case of vertical equilibrium,
Dividing Eqns. (i) and (ii), we get
Q 15. Three blocks A, B, and C, of masses 4 kg, 2 kg, and 1 kg respectively, are in contact on a frictionless surface, as shown. If a force of 14 N is applied on the 4 kg block, then the contact force between A and B is : [2015]
A: 18 N
B: 2 N
C: 6 N
D: 8 N
Ans: C
Solution:
a =14/7 = 2m/s^{2}
∴ 14  N_{1} = 4 x 2
N_{1} = 6N
Q 16. A rod of weight W is supported by two parallel knife edges A and B and is in equilibrium in a horizontal position. The knives are at a distance d from each other. The centre of mass of the rod is at distance x from A. The normal reaction on A is : [2015]
A: W(Dx)/d
B: Wx/d
C: Wd/x
D: W(dx)/x
Ans: A
Solution:
Q 17. A particle of mass m is driven by a machine that delivers a constant power k watts. If the particle starts from rest the force on the particle at time t is : [2015]
A:
B:
C:
D:
Ans: C
Solution:
Q 18. A block A of mass m_{1} rests on a horizontal table. A lights string connected to it passes over a frictionless pulley at the edge of table and from its other end another block B of mass m_{2} is suspended. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the table is μ_{k}. When the block A is sliding on the table, the tension in the string is: [2015]
A:
B:
C:
D:
Ans: D
Solution:
See figure alongside
Let T be the tension in the string.
Let a be the acceleration of the combination
From Equation (2) and (3) we get,
Q 19. A balloon with mass ‘m’ is descending down with an acceleration ‘a’(where a<g). How much mass should be removed from it so that it starts moving up with an acceleration ‘a’ ? [2014]
A:
B:
C:
D:
Ans: C
Solution:
Let the up thrust on balloon be U.
mq  U = ma ...(i)
If Δm is removed
U = (m  Δm)g = (m  Δm)a ..(ii)
Q 20. A system consists of three masses m_{1}, m_{2} and m_{3} connected by a string passing over a pulley P. The mass m_{1} hangs freely and m_{2} and m_{3} are on a rough horizontal table (the coefficient of friction = μ). The pulley is frictionless and of negligible mass. The downward acceleration of mass m_{1} is :
(Assume m_{1} = m_{2} = m_{3} = m) [2014]
A:
B:
C:
D:
Ans: D
Solution:
Q 21. The force F acting on a particle of mass m is indicated by the forcetime graph as shown below. The climate change in momentum of the particle over the time interval from zero to 8s is, [2014]
A: 12 Ns
B: 6 Ns
C: 24 Ns
D: 20 Ns
Ans: A
Solution:
118 videos470 docs189 tests

1. What are the laws of motion? 
2. What is the difference between mass and weight? 
3. How does Newton's third law of motion apply to everyday life? 
4. What is the significance of Newton's laws of motion in the field of engineering? 
5. What is the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration according to Newton's second law? 
118 videos470 docs189 tests


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