NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Semiconductor Electronics

# NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Semiconductor Electronics | Physics Class 12 PDF Download

## 2024

Q1: A logic circuit provides the output Y as per the following truth table :

The expression of the output Y is :
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d) B         [2024]
Ans:
(c)
According to given truth table, output is independent on value of A
∴ Output

Q2:  The output ( Y ) of the given logic gate is similar to the output of an/a
(a) NAND gate
(b) NOR gate
(c) OR gate
(d) AND gate      [2024]
Ans:
(d)

= A.B is similar to output of AND gate.

Q3: Consider the following statements A and B and identify the correct answer :
A. For a solar-cell, the I-V characteristics lies in the IV quadrant of the given graph.
B. In a reverse biased pn junction diode, the current measured in (μA), is due to majority charge carriers.
(a) A is correct but B is incorrect
(b) A is incorrect but B is correct
(c) Both A and B are correct
(d) Both A and B are incorrect                      [2024]
Ans:
(a)
A : Solar cell characteristics
B : In reverse biased pn junction diode, the current measured in (μA), is due to minority charge carrier.

## 2023

Q1: On the basis of electrical conductivity, which one of the following material has the smallest resistivity?
(a) Germanium
(b) Silver
(c) Glass
(d) Silicon
Ans:
(b)
Electrical conductivity is a measure of a material's ability to conduct an electric current. The higher the conductivity, the lower the resistivity. So, if we are looking for the material with the smallest resistivity, we are looking for the material with the highest electrical conductivity.
Among the options given, silver (Option B) is known to have the highest electrical conductivity and thus, the smallest resistivity. Germanium (Option A) and silicon (Option D) are semiconductors, meaning they have moderate conductivity that can be manipulated, while glass (Option C) is generally a poor conductor, or an insulator. Therefore, silver is the correct answer.

Q2: The given circuit is equivalent to:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans: (d)

Q3: A p-type extrinsic semiconductor is obtained when Germanium is doped with:
(a) Antimony
(b) Phosphorous
(c) Arsenic
(d) Boron
Ans:
(d)
For p type semiconductor trivalent impurity added

Q4: The below figure shows the circuit symbol of a transistor. Select the correct statements given below:

(A) The transistor has two segments of p-type semiconductor separated by a segment of n-type semiconductor.
(B) The emitter is of moderate size and heavily doped.
(C) The central segment is thin and lightly doped.
(D) The emitter base junction is reverse biased in common emitter amplifier circuit.
(a) (C) and (D)
(b) (A) and (D)
(c) (A)    and (B)
(d) (B)    and (C)
Ans:
(d)
In given symbol, emitter current leave from emitter so transistor is NPN

for active mode emitter base junction is forward bias and base-collector junction is reverse bias.

Q5: Given below are two statements:
Statement I: Photovoltaic devices can convert optical radiation into electricity.
Statement II: The Zener diode is designed to operate under reverse bias in the breakdown region.
In the light of the above statements, choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below.
(a) Both Statement I and Statement II are correct
(b) Both Statement I and Statement II are incorrect
(c) Statement I is correct but Statement II is incorrect
(d) Statement I is incorrect but Statement II is correct
Ans:
(a)
Solution: Both Statements are correct.
I: Photovoltaic devices convert optical radiation into electricity.
II: The Zener diode is designed to operate under reverse bias in the breakdown region. e.g., Zener diode as a voltage regulator.

Q6: A full wave rectifier circuit consists of two p-n junction diodes, a center-tapped transformer, a capacitor, and a load resistance. Which of these components removes the ac ripple from the rectified output?
(a) A centre-tapped transformer
(b) p-n junction diodes
(c) Capacitor
Ans:
(c)
Solution: The capacitor removes the AC ripple from the rectified output.

Q7: For the following logic circuit, the truth table is
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans: (b)
Solution:

It is OR gate.

## 2022

Q1: Identify the equivalent logic gate represented by the given circuit

(a) NAND
(b) OR
(c) NOR
(d) AND
Ans:
(b)
The given circuit clearly indicates that the bulb will glow when either of the switches are closed.
The corresponding truth table will be

This suggests that it will correspond to OR gate.

Q2: The incorrect statement about the property of a Zener diode is :
(a) p and n regions of Zener diode are heavily doped
(b) Zener voltage remains constant at breakdown
(c) It is designed to operate under reverse bias
(d) Depletion region formed is very wide
Ans:
(d)
Zener diode is special purpose p-n junction diode, which is generally operated in reverse bias for its operation of voltage regulation. It is a heavily doped p-n junction. Due to large doping concentration depletion width is narrower.

Q3: The collector current in a common base amplifier using n-p-n transistor is 24 mA. If 80% of the electrons released by the emitter is accepted by the collector, then the base current is numerically :
(a) 3 mA and entering the base
(b) 6 mA and leaving the base
(c) 3 mA and leaving the base
(d) 6 mA and entering the base
Ans:
(d)

Q4: In the given circuits (a), (b) and (c), the potential drop across the two p-n junctions are equal in

(a) Circuit (a) only
(b) Circuit (b) only
(c) Circuit (c) only
(d) Both circuits (a) and (c)
Ans: (d)
Potential drops across the p-n junctions will be same if either both junctions are forward biased or both junction are reverse biased.
In figure (a) and (c), both junctions are forward biased therefore both have same potential.
In figure (b) first junction is forward biased and second junction is reverse biased, so both junctions have different potential difference.

Q5: As the temperature increases, the electrical resistance
(a) Increases for both conductors and semiconductors
(b) Decreases for both conductors and semiconductors
(c) Increases for conductors but decreases for semiconductors
(d) Decreases for conductors but increases for semiconductors
Ans:
(c)
As the temperature increases the resistivity of the conductor increases hence the electrical resistance increases. However for semiconductor the resistivity decreases with the temperature. Hence electrical resistance of semiconductor decreases.

Q6:

(a) Both circuits (a) and (c)
(b) Circuit (a) only
(c) Circuit (b) only
(d) Circuit (c) only

Ans: (c)
Solution:
Potential drops across the p-n junctions will be the same if either both junctions are forward biased or both junctions are reverse biased.
In figures (a) and (c), both junctions are forward-biased therefore both have the same potential.
In Figure (b) the first junction is forward biased and the second junction is reverse biased, so both junctions have different potential differences.

Q7:
The truth table for the given logic circuit is
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans: (b)
Solution:

Q9: In half wave rectification, if the input frequency is 60 Hz, then the output frequency would be
(a) 30 Hz
(b) 60 Hz
(c) 120 Hz
(d) Zero
Ans: (b)
Solution: In half-wave rectifier, the output frequency is the same as that of the input frequency.

## 2021

Q1: The electron concentration in an n-type semiconductor is the same as the hole concentration in a p-type semiconductor. An external field (electric) is applied across each of them. Compare the currents in them.
(a) Current in n-type > current in p-type.
(b) No current will flow in p-type, current will only flow in n-type.
(c) Current in n-type = current in p-type.
(d) Current in p-type > current in n-type.

Ans: (a)
Solution:
In N-type semiconductors majority charge carriers are e- an P-type semiconductors majority charge carriers are holes.
I = neAVd = neA(μE)
μe > μh
⇒ Ie > Ih

Q2: Consider the following statements (A) and (B) and identify the correct answer.
A. A zener diode is connected in reverse bias when used as a voltage regulator.
B. The potential barrier of the p-n junction lies between 0.2 V to 0.3 V.

(a) (A) is correct and (B) is incorrect.
(b) (A) is incorrect and (B) is correct.
(c) (A) and (B) both are correct.
(d) (A) and (B) both are incorrect.

Ans: (a)
Solution:
(A) is correct and (B) is incorrect.

Q3: For the given circuit, the input digital signals are applied at the terminals A, B, and C. What would be the output at the terminal y?

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Ans: (c)
Solution:

(i) 0 to t1 A = 0, B = 0, C = 1

= 1
(ii) t1 to t2 A = 1, B = 0, C = 1

(iii) t2 to t3 A = 0, B = 1, C = 0

## 2020

Q1: Out of the following which one is a forward biased diode?

Ans:
(d)
A p-n junction diode is in forward biased when p-side is connected with more positive potential than n-side.
Since, 0V > − 3V.
Hence in option (d), diode circuit is in forward biased.

Q2: An intrinsic semiconductor is converted into n-type extrinsic semiconductor by doping it with
(a) phosphorous
(b) aluminium
(c) silver
(d) germanium
Ans:
(a)
When a pentavalent (phosphorous) impurities is doped with intrinsic semiconductor (Ge, Si), then n-type semiconductor is formed.

Q3: The solids which have the negative temperature coefficient of resistance are
(a) insulator only
(b) semiconductors only
(c) insulators and semiconductors
(d) metals
Ans:
(c)
Insulators and semiconductors are those solids, which have negative temperature coefficient of resistance.
As, when temperature increases number of free electrons increases in both insulator and semiconductor.
Hence, correct option is (c).

Q4: A n-p-n transistor is connected in common emitter configuration (see figure) in which collector voltage drop across load resistance (800Ω) connected to the collector circuit is 0.8 V. The collector current is

(a) 2 mA
(b) 0.1 mA
(c) 1 mA
(d) 0.2 mA
Ans:
(c)
According to given circuit diagram.
RC = 800 Ω
Vcc = 8V

Q5: Which of the following gate is called universal gate?
(a) OR gate
(b) AND gate
(c) NAND gate
(d) NOT gate
Ans:
(c)
NAND and NOR gate are called universal gate because all type of logic gates and Boolean expressions can be realised with the help of NAND and NOR gate.

Q6: For transistor action, which of the following statements is correct?
(a) Both the emitter junction as well as the collector junction are forward-biased.
(b) The base region must be very thin and lightly doped.

(c) Base, emitter, and collector regions should have the same doping concentrations.
(d) Base, emitter, and collector regions should have the same size.

Ans: (b)
Solution:
For a transistor action, the base junction must be lightly doped so that the base region is very thin.

Q7: For the logic circuit shown, the truth table is :

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans: (c)
Solution:

= A.B (using de-Morgan’s rule)

Q8: The increase in the width of the depletion region in a p-n junction diode is due to:
(a)  Both forward bias and reverse bias
(b) increase in forward current
(c) forward bias only

(d) reverse bias only
Ans:
(d)
Solution:
The increase in the width of the depletion region in a p-n junction diode is due to reverse bias only.

Q9: A resistance wire connected in the left gap of a meter bridge balances a 10 W resistance in the right gap at a point that divides the bridge wire in the ratio 3 : 2. If the length of the resistance wire is 1.5 m, then the length of 1Ω of the resistance wire is:
(a) 1.5 × 10-1

(b) 1.5 × 10-2 m
(c) 1.0 × 10-2 m
(d) 1.0 × 10-1 m
Ans: (d)

Solution:

## 2019

Q1: The circuit diagram shown here corresponds to the logic gate,

(a) NOR
(b) AND
(c) OR
(d) NAND
Ans:
(a)
From the circuit diagram given below, it can be seen that the current will flow to ground if any of the switch is closed.
Also, the LED will only glow when current flows through it.

Q2: An LED is constructed from a p-n junction diode using GaAsP. The energy gap is 1.9 eV. The wavelength of the light emitted will be equal to
(a) 10.4 ×10−26 m
(b) 654 nm
(c) 654 Å
(d) 654 ×10−11 m
Ans:
(b)
The energy of light of wavelength λ is given by

Here, h = Planck’s constant = 6.63 × 10 −34 J-s
c = speed of light = 3 × 10 8 m/s
E = energy gap = 1.9 eV = 1.9 × 1.6 × 10 −19 J
Substituting the given values in Eq. (i), we get

Thus, the wavelength of light emitted from LED will be 654 nm.

Q3: The correct Boolean operation represented by the circuit diagram drawn is:

(a) AND
(b) OR
(c) NAND
(d) NOR
Ans: (c)

Solution:

From the given logic circuit LED will glow, when the voltage across LED is high.

Truth Table

This is output of the NAND gate.

Q4: For a p-type semiconductor, which of the following statements is true?
(a) Electrons are the majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants.
(b) Holes are the majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants.
(c) Holes are the majority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants.
(d) Electrons are the majority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants.
Ans: (b)

Solution:

In a p-type semiconductor, an intrinsic semiconductor is doped with trivalent impurities, that create deficiencies of valence electrons called holes which are majority charge carriers.

## 2018

Q1: In the circuit shown in the figure, the input voltage Vi is 20 V, VBE = 0 and VCE = 0. The values of IB , IC and β are given by

Ans:
(d)

Applying Kirchhoff’s law to the base-emitter loop, we get

Substituting the values, we get

Current gain is given as

Q2: In the combination of the following gates the output Y can be written in terms of inputs A and B as:

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
Ans: (b)
Solution:

Q3: In a p-n junction diode, change in temperature due to heating:
(a) affects only reverse resistance
(b) affects only forward resistance
(c) does not affect the resistance of the p-n junction
(d) affects the overall V - I characteristics of p-n junction
Ans: (d)

Solution:

Affects the overall V - I characteristic of the p-n junction.
On heating, the number of electron-hole pairs increases, so the overall resistance of the diode will change.
Hence, forward biasing and reversed biasing both are changed.

## 2017

Q1: In a common emitter transistor amplifier, the audio signal voltage across the collector is 3V. The resistance of the collector is 3 kΩ. If the current gain is 100 and the base resistance is 2 kΩ, the voltage and power gain of the amplifier is:
(a) 15 and 200
(b) 150 and 15000
(c) 20 and 2000
(d) 200 and 1000
Ans: (b)

Solution:

Q2: The given electrical network is equivalent to:

(a) OR gate
(b) NOR gate
(c) NOT gate
(d) AND gate
Ans: (b)

Solution:

Q3: Which one of the following represents a forward bias diode?
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans: (d)

Solution:

## 2016

Q1: For CE transistor amplifier, the audio signal voltage across the collector resistance of 2 kΩ is 4 V. If the current amplification factor of the transistor is 100 and the base resistance is l kΩ, then the input signal voltage is
(a) 10 mV
(b) 20 mV
(c) 30 mV
(d) 15 mV
Ans:
(b)
Voltage amplification is

Given, collector resistance = Rout = 2kΩ
Current amplification factor, β = 100
Base resistance, Rin = 1 kΩ
Output signal voltage = 4 V
Putting all the values in given equation, we get

Q2: What is the output Y in the following circuit, when all the three inputs A, B, C are first 0 and then 1?

(a) 0, 1
(b) 0, 0
(c) 1, 0
(d) 1, 1
Ans:
(c)
Output of the given circuit is given by

Q3: The given circuit has two ideal diodes connected as shown in the figure below. The current flowing through the resistance R1 will be

(a) 2.5 A
(b) 10.0 A
(c) 1.43 A
(d) 3.13 A
Ans:
(a)
We know that a diode only conducts in forward biased condition. In the given circuit, the diode D1 will be in reverse bias, so it will block the current and diode D2 will be in forward bias, so it will pass the current

Q4: To get output 1 for the following circuit, the correct choice for the input is :

(a) A = 1, B = 0, C = 1
(b) A = 0, B =1, C = 0
(c) A = 1, B = 0, C = 0
(d) A = 1, B = 1, C = 0
Ans: (a)

Solution:

The resultant boolean expression of the above logic circuit is given by,
Y = (A+B).C
Using the inputs given in the options,
If A = 0, B = 0,C = 0, we have
Y = (0+0).0
i.e., Y = 0
If A = 1, B = 1, C = 0, then we have
Y = (1+1).0
i.e., Y = 1.0 = 0
If A = 1, B = 0, C = 1, then
Y = (1+0).1
i.e., Y = 1.1 = 1
If A = 0, B = 1, C = 0, then
Y = (0+1).0
i.e., Y = 1.0
Y = 0
Therefore, output Y = 1 only when inputs A = 1, B = 0 and C = 1.

Q5: Consider the junction diode as ideal. The value of current flowing through AB is :

(a) 10-3 A
(b) 0 A
(c) 10-2 A
(d) 10-1 A
Ans: (c)

Solution:
For diode as ideal
I = ΔV/R = 4-(-6)/ 103 = 10-2 A

Q6: An NPN transistor is connected in a common emitter configuration in a given amplifier. A load resistance of 800 Ω is connected in the collector circuit and the voltage drop across it is 0.8 V. If the current amplification factor is 0.96 and the input resistance of the circuit is 192Ω, the voltage gain and the power gain of the amplifier will respectively be :
(a) 4, 3.69
(b) 4, 3.84
(c) 3.69, 3.84
(d) 4, 4
Ans: (b)

Solution:

Given,
Resistance across the load, RL = 800 ohm
The voltage drop across the load, VL = 0.8 V
The input resistance of the circuit, Ri = 192 ohm
The collector current is given by,

## 2015

Q1: In the given figure, a diode D is connected to an external resistance R = 100 Ω and an e.m.f of 3.5 V. If the barrier potential developed across the diode is 0.5 V, the current in the circuit will be

(a) 30 mA
(b) 40 mA
(c) 20 mA
(d) 35 mA
Ans:
(a)
Given, external resistance R = 100 Ω and an emf is 3.5 V.

Potential barrier across the diode is 0.5 V,
Potential difference on
R = 3.5 V − 0.5 V = 3.0 V
Current in circuit,

Q2: If in a p-n junction, a square input signal of 10 V is applied, as shown,

then the output across RL will be :
(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Ans:
(a)
Solution:
As it is forward biased it takes positive value. Hence, option (A) is correct.

Q3: Which logic gate is represented by the following combination of logic gates?

(a) NOR
(b) OR
(c) NAND
(d) AND
Ans: (d)
Solution:

Truth table

This corresponds to AND gate

## 2014

Q1: The given graph represents the V−I characteristics of a semiconductor device.

Which of the following statements is correct?
(a) It is for a photodiode and points A and B represent open circuit voltage and current,
respectively
(b) It is for an LED and points A and B represent open circuit voltage and short circuit current, respectively
(c) It is a V−I characteristic for solar cells where, point A represents open circuit voltage and
point B short circuit current
(d) It is for a solar cell and points A and B represent open circuit voltage and current,
respectively
Ans: (c)

Q2: The barrier potential of a p-n junction depends on:
(a) type of semiconductor material
(b) amount of doping
(c) temperature
Which one of the following is correct?
(a) (b) and (c) only
(b) (a),(b) and (c)
(c) (a) and (b) only
(d) (b) only

Ans: (b)
Solution:
Barrier potential depends on the material used to make the p-n junction diode (whether it is Si or Ge).
It should also depend on the amount of doping due to which the number of majority charge carriers will change. Also, it depends on temperature due to which the number of minority carriers will change.
Barrier potential depends on the material used to make the p-n junction diode (whether it is Si or Ge).
It should also depend on the amount of doping due to which the number of majority charge carriers will change. Also, it depends on temperature due to which the number of minority carriers will change.

The document NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Semiconductor Electronics | Physics Class 12 is a part of the NEET Course Physics Class 12.
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## Physics Class 12

105 videos|425 docs|114 tests

## FAQs on NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-2024): Semiconductor Electronics - Physics Class 12

 1. What is a semiconductor in the context of electronics?
Ans. A semiconductor is a material that has electrical conductivity between that of a conductor and an insulator. It is a crucial component in electronic devices as it can be used to control the flow of current.
 2. How does a semiconductor diode work?
Ans. A semiconductor diode is a two-terminal electronic component that allows current to flow in one direction only. It works by creating a depletion region where current can only flow in one direction when a voltage is applied.
 3. What is the difference between an intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor?
Ans. An intrinsic semiconductor is pure and contains no impurities, while an extrinsic semiconductor has impurities intentionally added to change its electrical properties. Extrinsic semiconductors are more commonly used in electronic devices.
 4. How does doping affect the conductivity of a semiconductor?
Ans. Doping is the process of intentionally adding impurities to a semiconductor to change its electrical properties. By adding specific impurities, the conductivity of the semiconductor can be increased (n-type doping) or decreased (p-type doping).
 5. What are some common semiconductor devices used in electronics?
Ans. Some common semiconductor devices used in electronics include diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits. These devices play a crucial role in controlling the flow of current and amplifying signals in electronic circuits.

## Physics Class 12

105 videos|425 docs|114 tests

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