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Key Notes: Voice | English Grammar Basic - Class 10 PDF Download

Voice is the form of the verb which shows whether the subject acts or is acted upon.  

Consider the following sentences:
(i) Raja loves Reena.
(ii) Reena is loved by Raja.
There is practically no difference in the meanings of the above two sentences. These are two different ways of presenting the same thing. In the first sentence, the subject performs the action, whereas in the second sentence, the subject of the verb is acted upon.
Key Notes: Voice | English Grammar Basic - Class 10It means the subject of the first sentence becomes the object of the verb of the first sentence.
The voice shows whether the subject performs the action or the subject receives the action.

Kinds of Voice


There are two voices:
(i) Active voice
(ii) Passive voice
Key Notes: Voice | English Grammar Basic - Class 10

1. Active Voice

  • When the subject of the sentence is the doer or actor, the verb is active and said to be in Active Voice.
    Key Notes: Voice | English Grammar Basic - Class 10
  • Lee ate the pies.
    (Lee is the subject of the verb. The subject is doing the action of the verb.)
  • We play hopscotch.
    (We is the subject of the verb. The subject is doing the action of the verb.)
  • The sharks will attack the cage.
    (The sharks is the subject of the verb. The subject is doing the action of the verb.)

2. Passive Voice

  • When the subject of the sentence is acted upon, the verb is passive and is said to be in Passive Voice.
    Key Notes: Voice | English Grammar Basic - Class 10
  • The pies were eaten by Lee.
    (The pies is the subject of the verb. The subject is being acted upon.)
  • Hopscotch is played by us.
    (Hopscotch is the subject of the verb. The subject is being acted upon.)
  • The cage will be attacked by the sharks.
    (The cage is the subject of the verb. The subject is being acted upon.)

Rules for Changing the Voice

1. The object of the active voice is changed into subject of the passive voice.
2. The subject of the active voice is changed into object of the passive voice.
3. According to the subject made in the passive voice, there is the usage of the helping verb.
If it is not the helping verb 'to be', then according to the helping verb present there, a form of 'to be' is taken into usage.
4. Preposition 'by' is used before the object made in the passive.
This (by + object) is also known as (by + agent), which is completely optional.
5. The tense of the verb is not changed. Only its form is changed, i.e. tense of the verb remains the same.
6. Vague subjects, like someone, somebody, everybody, everyone, people, etc. are dropped in the form of a passive voice.

The document Key Notes: Voice | English Grammar Basic - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Basic.
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FAQs on Key Notes: Voice - English Grammar Basic - Class 10

1. What is voice technology?
Ans. Voice technology refers to the use of voice recognition and speech synthesis to interact with computers and devices. It allows users to give commands or ask questions using their voice, which is then processed and understood by the system.
2. How does voice technology work?
Ans. Voice technology works by using advanced algorithms and machine learning techniques to convert spoken language into text. This process involves several steps, including speech recognition, natural language processing, and speech synthesis. The system analyzes the audio input, matches it with a database of words and phrases, and generates a response in the form of text or speech.
3. What are the benefits of voice technology?
Ans. Voice technology offers several benefits, such as hands-free operation, increased accessibility for individuals with disabilities, and improved efficiency in tasks that require multitasking. It also enables faster and more natural interactions with devices, making it easier to perform various tasks like searching the internet, setting reminders, or controlling smart home devices.
4. What are some popular voice assistants?
Ans. Some popular voice assistants include Amazon Alexa, Apple Siri, Google Assistant, and Microsoft Cortana. These voice assistants are integrated into various devices like smartphones, smart speakers, and smart TVs, allowing users to interact with them using their voice and perform a wide range of tasks.
5. Is voice technology secure and private?
Ans. Voice technology raises concerns about security and privacy as it involves collecting and processing personal data. However, reputable voice technology providers implement measures to protect user data and offer privacy settings to control data collection. It is important for users to be aware of the privacy policies and settings associated with voice technology devices and services to ensure their data is handled securely.
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