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Relative Pronouns
"Relative pronouns are similar to conjunctions. We can use them to connect clauses".

Note: A relative pronoun not only connects two clauses, but also acts as the subject or object of the verb in the relative clause.

Q.1. Join the pairs of sentences given below using a relative pronoun.
(A) I saw a girl. She was carrying a basket on her head.
Ans. I saw a girl who / that was carrying a basket on her head.

(B) I have a sister. I like her very much.
Ans. I have a sister whom I like very much.

(C) The boy teased the girl. He was punished by the teacher.
Ans. The boy who / that teased the girl was punished by the teacher.

(D) We met a traveler. He had a lot of luggage.
Ans. We met a traveler who / that had a lot of luggage.

(E) Air is essential for the existence of life. It is present everywhere.
Ans. Air, which is present everywhere, is essential for the existence of life.

(F) This is the house. I purchased it from Peter.
Ans. This is the house that / which I purchased from Peter.

(G) He said something. It surprised me.
Ans. He said something which / that surprised me.

(H) The boy has come. We were talking about him.
Ans. The boy whom we were talking about has come.

(I) Give me the pen. You bought it yesterday.
Ans. 
Give me the pen that / which you bought yesterday.

(J) He is a good writer. His books are best sellers.
Ans. He is a good writer whose books are best sellers.

Q.2. Complete the following sentences using appropriate relative pronouns.

Choose your answers from the options given in the brackets.
(A) The book _________ you gave me is very interesting.

(a) that
(b) which
(c) either could be used here
Ans. 
The book that / which you gave me is interesting.

(B) John _________ stood first in my class is my friend.
(a) who
(b) that
(c) either could be used here
Ans. 
John, who stood first in my class, is my friend.

(C) Show me the books _________ you borrowed from the library.
(a) who

(b) which
(c) either could be used here
Ans.
Show me the books which you borrowed from the library.

(D) The master punished the boy _________ had stolen the money.
(a) which
(b) who
(c) either could be used here
Ans.
The master punished the boy who had stolen the money.

(E) I know the man _________ purse was stolen.
(a) who
(b) whose
(c) either could be used here
Ans. I know the man whose purse was stolen.

(F) The flowers _________  grow on the hills are very beautiful.
(a) which
(b) that
(c) either could be used here
Ans.
The flowers which / that grow on the hills are very beautiful.

(G) He _________ is not with me is against me.
(a) who
(b) that
(c) either could be used here
Ans. 
He who / that is not with me is against me.

(H) This is the only story in the book _________ is worth reading.
(a) which
(b) who
(c) either could be used here
Ans.
This is the only story in the book which is worth reading.

(I) The boy _________ teased another boy was punished by the teacher.
(a) who
(b) which
(c) whom
Ans. 
The boy who teased another boy was punished by the teacher.

(J) I have a friend _________ I like very much.
(a) who
(b) whom
(c) which
Ans. 
I have a friend whom I like very much.

The document Worksheet - Relative pronouns | English An Alien Hand Class 7 is a part of the Class 7 Course English An Alien Hand Class 7.
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FAQs on Worksheet - Relative pronouns - English An Alien Hand Class 7

1. What are relative pronouns?
Ans. Relative pronouns are words that are used to introduce relative clauses, which provide additional information about a noun or pronoun in the main clause of a sentence. They include words such as "who," "whom," "whose," "which," and "that."
2. How do relative pronouns function in a sentence?
Ans. Relative pronouns function as the subject or object of a relative clause. They connect the relative clause to the noun or pronoun it modifies in the main clause. For example, in the sentence "The woman who is wearing a red dress is my sister," the relative pronoun "who" introduces the relative clause "who is wearing a red dress," and it refers back to the noun "woman" in the main clause.
3. Can relative pronouns be used to refer to things and animals?
Ans. Yes, relative pronouns can be used to refer to things and animals. The relative pronouns "which" and "that" are commonly used to introduce relative clauses that provide additional information about non-human subjects or objects. For example, in the sentence "The book that is on the table is mine," the relative pronoun "that" introduces the relative clause "that is on the table," and it refers back to the noun "book" in the main clause.
4. Are there any rules for choosing the correct relative pronoun?
Ans. Yes, there are some rules for choosing the correct relative pronoun. - "Who" is used to refer to people. For example, "The girl who is singing has a beautiful voice." - "Whom" is used as the object of a verb or preposition in a relative clause. For example, "The man whom I met yesterday is my neighbor." - "Whose" is used to show possession. For example, "The dog whose tail is wagging is very friendly." - "Which" is used to refer to things or animals. For example, "The car which is parked outside is mine." - "That" can be used to refer to both people and things. For example, "The restaurant that serves delicious food is my favorite."
5. Can relative pronouns be omitted in a sentence?
Ans. Yes, relative pronouns can be omitted in certain cases, especially when they are the object of the relative clause. This is more common in informal speech and writing. For example, instead of saying "The woman who(m) I saw yesterday," you can say "The woman I saw yesterday." However, if the relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause, it cannot be omitted.
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