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XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension | English for EmSAT Achieve PDF Download

Instructions 

Read the passage below and answer the 3 associated questions: 

Once, during a concert of cathedral organ music, as I sat getting gooseflesh amid that tsunami of sound, I was struck with a thought: for a medieval peasant, this must have been the loudest human-made sound they ever experienced, awe-inspiring in now-unimaginable ways. No wonder they signed up for the religion being proffered. And now we are constantly pummeled with sounds that dwarf quaint organs. Once, hunter-gatherers might chance upon honey from a beehive and thus briefly satisfy a hardwired food craving. And now we have hundreds of carefully designed commercial foods that supply a burst of sensation unmatched by some lowly natural food. Once, we had lives that, amid considerable privation, also offered numerous subtle, hard-won pleasures. And now we have drugs that cause spasms of pleasure and dopamine release a thousand fold higher than anything stimulated in our old drug-free world. An emptiness comes from this combination of over-the-top non natural sources of reward and the inevitability of habituation; this is because unnaturally strong explosions of synthetic experience and sensation and pleasure evoke unnaturally strong degrees of habituation. This has two consequences. First, soon we barely notice the fleeting whispers of pleasure caused by leaves in autumn, or by the lingering glance of the right person, or by the promise of reward following a difficult, worthy task. And the other consequence is that we eventually habituate to even those artificial deluges of intensity. If we were designed by engineers, as we consumed more, we’d desire less. But our frequent human tragedy is that the more we consume, the hungrier we get. More and faster and stronger. What was an unexpected pleasure yesterday is what we feel entitled to today, and what won’t be enough tomorrow.

Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following options BEST reflects the author’s understanding of human perception of pleasure?
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Going by the author, which of the following options BEST answers the question “how can one sustain the pleasure derived from any experience?" 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following options BEST describes “emptiness” as described in the passage? 
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Instructions
Read the passage below and answer the 3 associated questions:
 
There is nothing spectacularly new in the situation. Most old-societies-turned-young-nation-states learn to live in a world dominated by the psychology and culture of exile. For some, the twentieth century has been a century of refugees. Others like Hannah Arendt have identified refugees as virtually a new species of human being who have come to symbolize the distinctive violence of our time. Refugees as contemporary symbols, however, proclaim something more than a pathology of a global nation-state system. They also represent a state of mind, a form of psychological displacement that has become endemic to modernizing societies. One does not even have to cross national frontiers to become a refugee; one can choose to be seduced by the ‘pull’ of self-induced displacement rather than be ‘pushed’ by an oppressive or violent system at home. It is this changed status of territoriality in human life that explains why, in immigrant societies like the United States, the metaphor of exile is now jaded. Some have already begun to argue that human beings need not have a ‘home’ as it has been traditionally understood in large parts of the world, that the idea itself is a red herring. While the idea of exile begins to appear trite in intellectual circles, an increasingly large proportion of the world is getting reconciled to living with the labile sense of self. Exile no longer seems a pathology or an affliction. Displacement and the psychology of exile are in; cultural continuities and settled communities are out; there is a touch of ennui about them.

Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following options is CLOSEST to the meaning of the phrase “labile sense of self”? 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Based on the passage, which of the following will the author DISAGREE the MOST with? 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Project Affected Families (PAF) are those that are physically displaced due to construction of a large project (dam, factory etc.) in an area where the PAF traditionally resided. 

With insights from the passage, what would a project proponent, dealing with PAF, reading the following options agree the MOST with? 

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Instructions
Read the passage below and answer the 3 associated questions:
 
The nature of knowledge cannot survive unchanged within this context of general transformation. It can fit into the new channels, and become operational, only if learning is translated into quantities of information. We can predict that anything in the constituted body of knowledge that is not translatable in this way will be abandoned and that the direction of new research will be dictated by the possibility of its eventual results being translatable into computer language. The “producers” and users of knowledge must know, and will have to, possess the means of translating into these languages whatever they want to invent or learn. Research on translating machines is already well advanced. Along with the hegemony of computers comes a certain logic, and therefore a certain set of prescriptions determining which statements are accepted as “knowledge” statements. We may thus expect a thorough exteriorisation of knowledge with respect to the “knower,” at whatever point he or she may occupy in the knowledge process. The old principle that the acquisition of knowledge is indissociable from the training (Bildung) of minds, or even of individuals, is becoming obsolete and will become ever more so. The relationships of the suppliers and users of knowledge to the knowledge they supply and use is now tending, and will increasingly tend, to assume the form already taken by the relationship of commodity producers and consumers to the commodities they produce and consume - that is, the form of value. Knowledge is and will be produced in order to be sold, it is and will be consumed in order to be valorised in a new production: in both cases, the goal is exchange. Knowledge ceases to be an end in itself, it loses its “use-value.”

Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following statements BEST captures the essence of the passage? 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Based on the passage, which of the following statements can be BEST inferred? 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following options will the author agree the MOST with? 
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Instructions
Read the passage below and answer the 3 associated questions:
 
It’s as if someone were out there making up pointless jobs just for the sake of keeping us all working. And here, precisely, lies the mystery. In capitalism, this is precisely what is not supposed to happen. Sure, in the old inefficient socialist states like the Soviet Union, where employment was considered both a right and a sacred duty, the system made up as many jobs as it had to. (This is why in Soviet department stores it took three clerks to sell a piece of meat.) But, of course, this is the very sort of problem market competition is supposed to fix. According to economic theory, at least, the last thing a profit-seeking firm is going to do is shell out money to workers they don’t really need to employ. Still, somehow, it happens. While corporations may engage in ruthless downsizing, the layoffs and speed-ups invariably fall on that class of people who are actually making, moving, fixing, and maintaining things. Through some strange alchemy no one can quite explain, the number of salaried paper pushers ultimately seems to expand, and more and more employees find themselves—not unlike Soviet workers, actually—working forty- or even fifty-hour weeks on paper but effectively working fifteen hours just as Keynes predicted, since the rest of their time is spent organizing or attending motivational seminars, updating their Facebook profiles, or downloading TV box sets. The answer clearly isn’t economic: it’s moral and political. The ruling class has figured out that a happy and productive population with free time on their hands is a mortal danger. (Think of what started to happen when this even began to be approximated in the sixties.) And, on the other hand, the feeling that work is a moral value in itself, and that anyone not willing to submit themselves to some kind of intense work discipline for most of their waking hours deserves nothing, is extraordinarily convenient for them.

Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following options, if true, BEST makes the author’s assertion on pointless jobs erroneous? 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following can be BEST inferred from the passage? 
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Question for XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension
Try yourself:Which of the following statements will BEST explain the principle underlying the theme of the passage? 
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FAQs on XAT 2020: Reading Comprehension - English for EmSAT Achieve

1. What is XAT 2020 and when will it be conducted?
Ans. XAT 2020 stands for Xavier Aptitude Test 2020. It is a national level entrance exam conducted by XLRI Jamshedpur on behalf of Xavier Association of Management Institutes (XAMI). XAT 2020 is scheduled to be conducted on January 5, 2020.
2. Who is eligible to appear for XAT 2020?
Ans. Graduates from any recognized university or institute in India or abroad are eligible to appear for XAT 2020. There is no specific age limit for the exam. However, each participating institute has its own eligibility criteria for admission, which the candidates need to fulfill.
3. What is the exam pattern of XAT 2020?
Ans. XAT 2020 consists of four sections: Verbal and Logical Ability, Decision Making, Quantitative Ability, and Data Interpretation, and General Knowledge. The exam duration is 3 hours. The Verbal and Logical Ability section consists of 26 questions, Decision Making has 21 questions, Quantitative Ability and Data Interpretation has 27 questions, and General Knowledge has 25 questions. The exam also includes a descriptive essay writing section.
4. How can I register for XAT 2020?
Ans. To register for XAT 2020, candidates need to visit the official website of XAT and fill in the online application form. They need to provide their personal, educational, and contact details, upload a scanned photograph and signature, and pay the application fee. The registration process typically starts in August and ends in November.
5. What is the selection process after XAT 2020?
Ans. After XAT 2020, candidates who meet the cutoff criteria of various participating institutes will be shortlisted for the further selection process. The selection process may involve Group Discussion (GD), Writing Ability Test (WAT), and Personal Interview (PI). The weightage given to XAT score and the selection process may vary for different institutes. It is advisable to check the specific selection criteria of the institutes you are interested in.
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