Airport Engineering | Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE) PDF Download

Introduction

Wright brothers invented the first successful airplane in 1903 but it took 25 years to build the world's first airport in 1928 at croydon near London, England. By size, Daxing International Airport, Beijing, China is the largest airport in the world and Saba Airport, Caribbean is the smallest airport.
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) was formed in 4th April 1947, an agency of the United Nations (UN) has a set of guidelines which have to be followed for planning and development of an international airport.

Types of airports 

International airports, domestic airports and regional airports.

International Airport
It has a connection with many other airports around the world and furnished with facilities like customs and immigration. These airports are usually massive with longer runways and larger aircraft.

Domestic Airport
It is an airport which connects flights within the country, these airports have shorter runways when compared with international airports with no facilities like customs and immigration.

Regional Airport
It is an airport located in a particular geographical area, it is majorly used by private and small business jets.

Important Components of airports

Runways
Runway is the most important component one could think of when asked about airport, it is the area where an aircraft lands and takes off is called a runway, it could be grass or a hard surface such as asphalt or concrete.

Airport Engineering | Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE)

Terminal building
Facilities such as cafes, lounges and bars are provided in terminal buildings for passengers and ticket counters, luggage check-in or transfer, security checks and customs are regarded as basics of any terminal building.

Aprons
The place where aircraft are parked is called apron.

Airport Engineering | Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE)

Taxiway
A path that connects runway with facilities like aprons, hangars, terminals, and others.

Control tower
A tower through which air traffic can be monitored and controlled.
Aircraft characteristics are the factors that are taken into account while designing the airport. Characteristics such as Span of wings, height, wheelbase, tail width, minimum turning radius, take-off and landing distances, range and tire pressure and contact area are considered.
Airport Engineering deals with planning, design, construction, runways and provides safety for passengers and freight. An Airport Engineer should be technically sound enough to perform all the tasks coherently.  

The document Airport Engineering | Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE) is a part of the Civil Engineering (CE) Course Transportation Engineering.
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FAQs on Airport Engineering - Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE)

1. What is airport engineering in civil engineering?
Ans. Airport engineering in civil engineering refers to the branch of engineering that deals with the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of airports and related infrastructure. It involves various aspects such as runway design, terminal buildings, air traffic control systems, lighting systems, drainage systems, and pavement management.
2. What are the key considerations in airport engineering?
Ans. Key considerations in airport engineering include the safety and security of aircraft and passengers, efficient air traffic flow, compliance with aviation regulations, environmental impact, sustainable design practices, and the ability to handle future growth in air traffic. Additionally, factors like runway length, pavement strength, terminal capacity, and baggage handling systems are also important considerations.
3. How are runways designed in airport engineering?
Ans. Runway design in airport engineering involves considering factors such as the type and size of aircraft expected to use the airport, the average daily traffic volume, prevailing weather conditions, and the topography of the site. Runways are typically designed with specific dimensions, including width, length, and runway shoulder requirements, to accommodate different aircraft types and ensure safe takeoffs and landings.
4. What is the role of civil engineers in airport construction?
Ans. Civil engineers play a crucial role in airport construction. They are responsible for designing and overseeing the construction of airport infrastructure, including runways, taxiways, aprons, terminal buildings, parking facilities, and drainage systems. They also ensure compliance with safety regulations, assess the structural integrity of airport facilities, and manage the overall construction process to ensure a successful and efficient project.
5. How does airport engineering contribute to environmental sustainability?
Ans. Airport engineering aims to minimize the environmental impact of airports by implementing sustainable design and construction practices. This includes using energy-efficient materials, incorporating renewable energy sources, implementing stormwater management systems, and reducing noise and air pollution. Additionally, airport engineers focus on improving the energy efficiency of airport operations, such as lighting systems and air conditioning, to reduce the carbon footprint of airports.
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