Revision Notes: Maps

# Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Notes - Maps

• A globe can be useful when we want to study the Earth as a whole.
• A map is a representation or a drawing of the Earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.
• When many maps are put together we, get an Atlas.
• Physical maps show natural features of the Earth.
• Political maps show different boundaries of different countries and states.
• Thematic maps focus on specific information.

There are three components of maps—distance, direction and symbol.

### Distance

• The scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
• If you know the scale, you will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map.
• When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on paper, then we use a small scale map.
• When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale map.
• Direction: There are four major directions, North, South, East and West. They are called cardinal points.
• We can find out the direction of a place with the help of a magnetic compass.

### Symbols

• The conventional symbols give a lot of information in a limited space.
• The blue colour is used for showing water bodies, brown for mountains, yellow for plateau and green is used for plains.

### Sketch

• A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale.
• A rough drawing is drawn without scale is called a sketch map.

### Plan

• A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.
• There are certain things which we may sometimes want to know, for example, the length and breadth of a room.

A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Maps are of different types—physical maps, political maps and thematic maps.

Physical maps show natural features of the earth, political maps show cities, towns, countries etc. with their boundaries and thematic maps focus on some particular information such as maps showing distribution of population.

The three components of maps are distance, direction and symbol.

A scale is needed to represent a small distance on paper for a large distance on the ground. Thus, scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

A small scale map is used to show large areas like continents or countries on a paper.
A large scale map is used to show a small area like a village or town on a paper.

There are four major directions—North, South, East and West, known as cardinal points.
• There are four intermediate directions—north-east (NE), south-east (SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW).
• Symbols are used to show features like buildings, roads, bridges, etc. on the map. By using symbols we make the map very informative.
• Maps have a universal language. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.
• A sketch map is a rough drawing without scale.
• A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.

Map: It is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.
Scale: It is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
Cardinal points: The four directions—North, South, East and West—are called cardinal points.
Symbols: To represent buildings, roads, bridges, etc. on the map we use symbols. These symbols are of universal significance.
Sketch: A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale.
Plan: A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.

The document Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Notes - Maps is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6

## Social Studies (SST) Class 6

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## FAQs on Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Notes - Maps

 1. What is the purpose of studying maps in Class 6?
Ans. Studying maps in Class 6 helps students develop their spatial understanding, navigation skills, and knowledge about different regions and countries. It also enhances their ability to interpret geographical information and aids in understanding the relationship between physical features and human activities.
 2. How can maps be useful in everyday life?
Ans. Maps are useful in everyday life in various ways. They help us navigate and find directions when traveling, locate places of interest, plan routes, and understand the layout of cities and towns. Maps also provide information about geographical features, such as mountains, rivers, and forests, which can be helpful for outdoor activities like hiking and camping.
 3. What are the different types of maps studied in Class 6?
Ans. In Class 6, students study various types of maps, including political maps, physical maps, thematic maps, and topographic maps. Political maps show the boundaries and divisions of countries and states, while physical maps represent the physical features of the Earth's surface. Thematic maps focus on specific themes like population density, climate, or natural resources, while topographic maps provide detailed information about the elevation and relief of an area.
 4. How can symbols and legends on maps be understood?
Ans. Symbols and legends on maps are used to represent various features and information. To understand them, one needs to refer to the map's legend or key, which provides an explanation of the symbols used. The legend typically includes symbols for cities, roads, rivers, mountains, and other relevant elements. By referring to the legend, one can interpret the meaning of the symbols and understand the map more effectively.
 5. Why is it important to update maps regularly?
Ans. Updating maps regularly is crucial because the Earth's surface is constantly changing due to natural and human activities. New roads are constructed, buildings are erected, and natural features can alter over time. By updating maps, we ensure that the information they provide remains accurate and reliable. Regular updates also help in reflecting changes in political boundaries, population distribution, and other geographical factors.

## Social Studies (SST) Class 6

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