Worksheet Solutions: Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes

# Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Worksheet Geography Chapter 2

Q.1. State True (T) or false (F).

(i) Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere. True
(ii) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the poles. True
(iii) The Arctic Circle is located in the southern hemisphere. False
(iv) The northern half of the earth is known as the Southern Hemisphere.  False
(v) 90 degrees north latitude marks the North Pole and 90 degrees south latitude marks the South Pole. True

Q.2. What are the three heat zones of the Earth?

The three heat zones of the Earth are Torrid Zone, Temperate Zones and Frigid Zones.

Q.3. Which longitude is treated as the standard meridian for India?

In India, the longitude of 82.50° E (82° 30'E) is treated as the standard meridian. The local time at this meridian is taken as the standard time for the whole country. It is known as the Indian Standard Time (IST).

Q.4. How many latitudes are there in total?

180

Q.5. What do you mean by the term equator?

An imaginary line running on the globe divides it into two equal parts. This line is known as the equator.

Q.6. Which heat zone do these places lie in? 10 degree north, 25 degree south and 89 degree south

10 degree north – Torrid Zone
25 degree south – South Temperate Zone
89 degree south – Frigid Zone

Q.7. Fill in the blanks.

(i) The Frigid Zone lies near the Poles.
(ii) The Antarctic Circle is located in the southern hemisphere.
(iii) The Standard Meridian of India is 82½ degree east.
(iv) The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian.
(v) The southern half is known as the Southern Hemisphere.

Q.8. What is a grid?

Grid is a network of parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes.

Q.9. Why does the Torrid Zone receive maximum amount of heat?

The mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This area, therefore, receives the maximum heat and is called the Torrid Zone.

Q.10. How many lines of longitude are there in total?

360

Q.11. What is the true shape of the earth?

Earth is not a sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and bulge in the middle.

Q.12. What is the value of the prime meridian?

The value of the prime meridian is zero degree.

Q.13. What is prime meridian?

Meridian which passes through Greenwich, where the British Royal Observatory is located is  the Prime Meridian.

Q.14. What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?

The latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer is 23½ degrees north.

Q.15. Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?

India located east of Greenwich at 82°30'E is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT. So it will be 5:30 p.m. in India when it is 12:00 noon in London.

Q.16. What is a globe?

Globe is a true model (miniature form) of the earth. On the globe, countries, continents and oceans are shown in their correct size.

The document Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Worksheet Geography Chapter 2 is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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## Social Studies (SST) Class 6

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## FAQs on Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Worksheet Geography Chapter 2

 1. What are latitudes and longitudes?
Ans. Latitudes and longitudes are imaginary lines that are used to locate places on the globe. Latitudes are horizontal lines and measure the distance north or south of the equator, while longitudes are vertical lines and measure the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian.
 2. How are latitudes and longitudes measured?
Ans. Latitudes are measured in degrees, with 0 degrees at the equator and 90 degrees at the North and South Poles. Longitudes are also measured in degrees, with 0 degrees at the Prime Meridian (which passes through Greenwich, London) and 180 degrees at the International Date Line.
 3. Why are latitudes and longitudes important in geography?
Ans. Latitudes and longitudes are important in geography as they provide a precise system for locating any place on Earth. They help in determining the climate, time zones, and navigation. They also provide a basis for creating maps and understanding the Earth's physical features.
 4. How can latitudes and longitudes be used to determine time zones?
Ans. Longitudes play a significant role in determining time zones. Since the Earth rotates 360 degrees in 24 hours, each time zone covers 15 degrees of longitude. As a result, every 15 degrees of longitude corresponds to a time difference of one hour. By knowing the longitude of a place, we can calculate its time difference from the Prime Meridian.
 5. What is the relationship between latitudes and climate?
Ans. Latitudes have a direct impact on climate. The areas near the equator, which lie at low latitudes, tend to have warmer climates due to the direct sunlight they receive. As we move towards the poles, the latitudes increase, and the climate becomes colder. The distribution of latitudes plays a crucial role in determining the global climate patterns.

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