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Origin

The UN was founded in 1945. The charter of the UN was signed by 51 Nations on 26th June, 1945. The name United Nations was suggested by President Roosenvelt (USA). The charter is like the constitution of the UN. It contains the aims and objectives of UN and also the rules and regulations.

Major Organs of the UN

  • General  Assembly
  • Security Council
  • Economic and Social Council
  • Trusteeship Council
  • International Court of Justice
  • Secretariat

Official Languages

  • Arabic
  • English
  • French
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish

Aims & Objectives

  • To maintain peace and security in the world.
  • To develop friendly relations among nations.
  • Work to remove poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world.
  • To promote and encourage respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms.
  • To be a centre for helping nations to achieve these goals.
    (Presently there are 193 member states.)

UN specialized agencies UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • Headquarters: Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France
  • Established: 16th November, 1945

Functions

  • Mobilizing education by providing every child, irrespective of its gender quality, education as a fundamental human right.
  • Creation of World Heritage Sites to support cultural diversity and protect sites of outstanding universal value.

UNICEF

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

  • Headquarters: New York City
  • Established: 11th December, 1946

Functions

  • Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse along with social inclusion for disabled.
  • Basic education and gender equality through programmes like Girls Education. Innovation for education learning and the peace out-of-school initiative.
  • Protects and advocates the rights of children.

ILO

International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Established: 1919 [Head: Guy Ryder]

Functions

  • Creation of international labour standards.
  • Formulation of international policies.

World Bank (WB)

  • Headquarters: Washington DC, USA
  • Established: July 1944

Functions

  • World Bank provides various technical services to the member countries.
  • Bank grants loans for a particular project; duly submitted to the Bank by the member country.

IMF

The International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
  • Established: 27th December, 1945

Functions

  • Fosters global monetary cooperation
  • Secures financial stability
  • Facilitates international trade

WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO)

  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Established: 7th April, 1948

Functions

  • Providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed.
  • Shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, dissemination of valuable knowledge.

FAO

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Headquarters: Rome, Italy

Established: 16th October, 1945 in Quebec City, Canada

Functions

  • Helps eliminate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition.
  • Makes agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable.

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  • Headquarters: Vienna, Austria
  • Established: 29th July, 1957

Functions

  • Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by its member states.
  • Implementing safeguards to verify that nuclear energy is not used for military purposes.

UNDP

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • Headquarters: New York City
  • Established: 1965

Functions

  • Poverty reduction
  • Crisis prevention and recovery
  • Environment and Energy

UNHCR

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Established: 14th December, 1950

Functions

  • To lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide.
  • To protect and provide humanitarian assistance to whom it describes as other persons “of concern,” including internally displaced persons.

Other Organizations

Commonwealth

  • Founded - 1949
  • Members - It is an organization of 53 countries, almost all of which were once part of the British Empire. Queen Elizabeth is the Head of Commonwealth.
  • Aim
    (i) To create an economic cooperation between member countries.
    (ii) To promote democracy, human rights and good governance in these nations.
  • Headquarter -  London (England)

SAARC - South Asian Association for regional cooperation

  • Founded - 1985 (December)
  • Members - 8 Countries - India, Pakistan,  Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives & Afghanistan.
  • First Summit - Dhaka (Bangladesh)
  • Aim - Regional cooperation through economic, social and cultural development.
  • Headquarter - Kathmandu (Nepal)

NATO - North Atlantic treaty Organization

  • Founded - 1949 (April) Present Secretary General is Jens Stoltenberg of Norway
    Members - 28
  • Aim - To promote stability and well-being in North Atlantic area.
  • Headquarter - Brussels (Belgium)

ASEAN - The Association of South east Asian Nations


  • Founded - 1967
  • Members - 10 countries
    Formed by Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Philippines.
  • Aim - To foster social progress, economic growth and cultural development in the region Headquarter - Jakarta (Indonesia) NAM (NON-ALigNed MOveMeNt) Founded - 1961 Members - 120 countries Aim - To promote peace in between member countries.
  • Headquarter - Jakarta (Indonesia)

NAM (NON - Aligned Movement)


  • Founded - 1961
  • Members - 120 countries
  • Aim - To promote peace in between member countries.
  • Headquarter - Jakarta (Indonesia)

List of Parliament of different countries

Basics: World Polity | GK Olympiad for Class 6

The document Basics: World Polity | GK Olympiad for Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course GK Olympiad for Class 6.
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FAQs on Basics: World Polity - GK Olympiad for Class 6

1. What is a world polity class?
A world polity class refers to an educational course or program that focuses on the study of the world polity theory. It examines the global social structure and the ways in which it shapes and influences political, economic, and social processes across countries and regions.
2. What are the key concepts covered in a world polity class?
In a world polity class, students typically learn about various key concepts such as world society, global governance, international organizations, transnational advocacy networks, and cultural diffusion. These concepts help students understand the interconnectedness of nations and the role of global institutions in shaping societal norms and policies.
3. How does the world polity theory explain the behavior of organizations?
The world polity theory suggests that organizations, both national and international, are influenced by global norms and values. According to this theory, organizations conform to these norms and strive to gain legitimacy within the world society. This can result in the adoption of similar organizational structures, practices, and policies across different nations, as organizations seek recognition and acceptance on a global scale.
4. What role do international organizations play in the world polity theory?
International organizations play a significant role in the world polity theory as they serve as key actors in shaping global governance. They provide platforms for cooperation, facilitate the diffusion of norms and practices, and promote collective action among nations. These organizations can influence the behavior of states and other non-state actors by setting standards, enforcing rules, and promoting global policies.
5. How does the world polity theory contribute to our understanding of globalization?
The world polity theory contributes to our understanding of globalization by highlighting the role of shared norms, values, and institutions in shaping global processes. It emphasizes the interdependence of nations and the ways in which global actors interact and influence each other. By studying the world polity theory, we can better comprehend the complexities of globalization and its impact on societies, economies, and politics worldwide.
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