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Team Games and Sports I NCERT Solutions | Health and Physical Education for Grade 10 PDF Download


Answer the following Questions

Q.1. List any five important rules of the basketball game.

Basketball is played on a rectangular court with two side lines and two end lines, which can be either an indoor wooden court or an outdoor concrete court. The basketball court is 28 x 15 meters in size.

  • Each quarter lasts ten minutes, with two-minute breaks between the first and second quarters and the third and fourth quarters, as well as a 15-minute break between the second and third quarters. The additional time span is approximately 5 minutes long.
  • A team must have a total of twelve (12) people on it. However, each team is limited to five players on the court at any given time. Substitutions are unrestricted, but they must be made while the game is paused.
  • On offense, the team with the ball tries to score in their basket; on defense, the team tries to keep the opposing team from scoring. The ball can be passed in one of two ways: dribbling or throwing to teammates.
  • A regular uniform for both men's and women's teams consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey with a conspicuous bib number printed on both the front and back. Players should put on shoes that provide additional ankle support.
  • The game is managed by the officials, who are made up of three (3) referees, one of whom is the overall in command, and four (4) table officials who are in charge of keeping track of each team's scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls, player substitutions, the alternating possession arrow, and the stop–and–go clock, among other things. alternating ball, clocks, score sheets, scoreboard(s), Arrows of ownership and other required equipment


Q.2. How does playing basketball help us in the improvement of our health?

Maintaining a Healthy Heart: Basketball is a contact sport that necessitates the learning of a wide range of skills. Basketball players need both aerobic and anaerobic conditioning. Aerobic training focuses on stamina, while anaerobic training focuses on quick bursts of activity.
Maintaining Your Fitness: Basketball will help you lose calories as well. Fast lateral movements, running, and jumping provide an aerobic exercise, allowing a 165-pound individual to burn around 600 calories. A 250-pound person will burn about 900 calories per hour.
Strengthening Yourself: Basketball's physical component also aids in improving and strengthening bone strength. Any weight-bearing physical activity causes new bone tissue to develop, which strengthens the bones. Because it is a physical activity that includes the tugging and pressing of muscles against bone, both muscles and bones in your body grow stronger.


Q.3. Explain any one fundamental skill of basketball game.

We are all aware that in order to play any game, one must first acquire those skills. A player should learn the following basic skills in order to play basketball. To score a basket, drive the ball around the court, get away from defenders, and find a good passing path, you must penetrate. There are various kinds of dribbling is a term that refers to the act of dribbling.

  • standard dribble
  • low dribbling
  • high dribbling
  • behind the back
  • crossover dribble
  • change-of-pace
  • dribble between the legs


Q.4. List any five penalties of basketball game.

Penalties in basketball are divided into three groups. The referee blows the whistle when a foul is committed or a rule is broken, play is immediately stopped, and the penalty is assessed.

  • Personal Misconduct Players on defense attempt to gain control of the ball (a steal) and prevent the offense from shooting. Players can do this by standing close to the offensive player and waving their arms, but they CANNOT physically contact each other or "reach" into the offensive player's personal space.
  • When a personal foul happens while the offensive player is shooting the ball, the offense always results in the fouled player receiving a free throw.
  • Technical/Violent In basketball, some “unintentional” personal fouling is expected; however, if the referee believes a player caused deliberate harm in the foul, he will make a judgment call.
  • Make a charge A charge is called when an offensive player collides with a defender who has formed position (2 feet firmly set before contact).
  • Obstruct If a player uses his body to keep another player from going down the court without establishing a spot, this is called a body check (2 feet firmly set before contact).


Q.5. Which is the motor skill you enjoyed the most and why?

The majority of us use our motor skills without even realizing it. Gross and fine motor skills are two types of motor skills. Standing, walking, going up and down stairs, running, swimming, and other activities that use the broad muscles of the arms, legs, and torso are examples of gross motor skills. These are primarily developed during childhood through play and physical activity. Fine motor skills, on the other hand, are concerned with the muscles of the fingertips, hands, and wrists, as well as the toes, feet, and ankles to a lesser degree. Learning these skills requires more coordination of the hand, eye, and brain than learning to crawl, for example These abilities must be developed over time, even over our entire lives.


Q.6. How can you improve your performance in the game of basketball?

Dr. James Naismith invented basketball in 1891 at the Springfield College of Physical Education in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. Naismith developed the first 13 rules of basketball in 1894, which are still in use today. Basketball was first introduced in India by the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Kolkata. Later, the YMCA, which was established in Madras in 1920, was instrumental in the creation of the game. Basketball is now one of the most common sports in several high schools and universities. Men and women of all ages and abilities participate in the game. The Basketball Federation of India was established in 1950 to promote basketball on a national and international level. In 1934, the first National Basketball Tournament was held in Delhi, and it was held every two years until 1951. Following that, it became an annual event.


Q.7. What has been the impact of Twenty20 form of cricket on Test Matches?

In 1971, Melbourne hosted the first Limited Over International cricket match. The International Cricket Council (ICC), which governs the sport, recognized its potential and held the first limited-overs Cricket World Cup in 1975. West Indies secured the first edition of the limited-overs Cricket World Cup. A modern limited over type, Twenty 20, has made an immediate impact in the twenty-first century. On August 5, 2004, the first T-20 international match was played between the women's teams of England and New Zealand. On February 17, 2005, Australia and New Zealand played the first T-20 international match between men's teams. South Africa hosted the first T-20 World Cup in 2007.


Q.8. List the basic rules of the game of cricket.

  • Cricket is a sport in which two teams of eleven players compete against each other. A twelfth man, a backup player who can only be used as a fielder, is also available.
  • The twelfth man is not permitted to bowl, bat, or hold wicket, nor is he permitted to captain the side. His sole responsibility is to fill in for the injured fielder.
  • There are two umpires on the field, as well as a third umpire off the field who is in charge of video rulings.
  • If the call is too close for the on-field umpires to make, they refer it to the third umpire, who makes a decision based on slow motion video replays.


Q.9. What is the stipulated size of the field for playing football according to the international standard?

FIFA (International Federation of Association Football) is the world's governing body for sport federations, and it has set a standard for football field sizes that must be followed. The height of the targets and the weight of the balls are often governed by law. Each club, on the other hand, has full control over the length and width of its own grounds, as long as they follow FIFA guidelines. This can give the club an advantage over their opponent during the game, depending on the dimensions of the club. However, because of this possible advantage, this legislation has sparked some controversy.


Q.10. What are the basic equipment required for football teams?

Playing in official league games necessitates the use of specific equipment. A numbered jersey, a pair of shorts, and some footwear are required of all players. Both footballers will be wearing long socks (not ankle length). The long football socks help to keep the shin guards in place on the lower leg by covering and trapping them. In comparison to most other ball sports, association football needs less equipment. Wearing the proper socks, however, is a soccer requirement. Players like to keep their soccer equipment and accessories as small as possible. Throughout the 90-minute game, this provides them with ease and a full range of movement.


Q.11. What is the official duration of a football match? How far can it be extended and why?

“Each match will last 90 minutes, unless special circumstances are specified in these Competition Rules, in which case an additional 30 minutes will be played. The Referee must account for time lost in compliance with the Laws of the Game or due to an accident or other unforeseen circumstance, and his decision is final. For all ties in all tournaments, the half-time break will be 15 minutes. Both players, together with the Match Officials, must reach the field of play together five minutes prior to kick-off.”


Q.12. How many players constitute a football team and what are their positions?

Association football, also known as football or soccer[a], is a team sport in which two teams of 11 players compete with a spherical ball. It is the most common sport in the world, with approximately 250 million participants in over 200 countries and dependencies. The game is played on a pitch, which is a rectangular field with a target at either end. The goal of the game is to outscore your opponent by pushing the ball past the goal line and into their goal. The game is won by the team with the most goals.


Q.13. What role does the Referee play? Who are the other officials in the football match?

Originally, team captains will confer with one another to settle any on-field disputes. This was eventually assigned to an umpire. The captains of each team would bring their own partisan umpire, allowing them to focus on the game. Later, a third "neutral" official, the referee, was added; this referee would be "referred to" if the umpires were unable to settle a disagreement. The umpires became linesmen in 1891, and the referee took his place on the field (now assistant referees). In many amateur football games today, each team will also have their own partisan assistant referees (also known as club linesmen) to assist the impartial referee named by the governing football association if either or both assistant referees are not available. The linesmen's position is restricted in this case to indicating out of play and cannot determine off side.


Q.14. What are the penalties that the Referee can award against offences during the match?

Offenses that occur in the penalty and goal areas are given a penalty shot. A teammate who has been elected is allowed to score from the penalty spot, with just the goalkeeper to beat. All other players must be outside the penalty area behind the penalty spot before the ball has been shot, and the goalkeeper must stay on his line until the ball has been kicked. After taking the kick, the player is unable to hit the ball again without another player hitting it.


Q.15. What are the norms of fair play in football for footballers and spectators?

Fair play isn't a concept. Fair play is an attitude that is reflected in one's behavior. When we behave in a fair and just manner, we help to create a more prosperous and better planet. Our society's existing order is jeopardized without justice and trustworthiness. We break the spirit of the game if we do not follow the rules, and it is difficult to play with game destroyers. Fair play, which is an important component of active participation, promotion, and advancement of both sports and life, will teach empathy and respect for others. It enables them to integrate into society and foster teamwork. Sport can provide hope, pride, and belonging, and it can bring people together where nationalities, politics, religions, and cultures sometimes separate.


Q.16. On how many occasions is the kick-off used during a football match?

Every half of the game, as well as any periods of extra time, begins with a kick-off. The team that wins the pre-game coin toss has the option of either taking the first kick-off (in which case the team that loses the toss chooses which end of the pitch to attack in the first half) or choosing which end of the pitch to attack in the first half (in which case the team losing the toss takes the initial kick-off). The team that did not take the initial kick-off takes the kick-off to start the second half. If there is extra time, a new coin toss is used at the start of this period. A kick-off is often used to restart play after a goal is scored, and it is taken by the opposing team.


Q.17. What are the rules regarding free kick, penalty kick, throw-in and corner kick?

The players must play the game in a fair and accepted manner, according to the official football rules. The football match is split into two 45-minute halves. In football, there are many laws that govern the field, teams, penalties, offense, and defense.
Kick-offs: The players on the other side must be at least 10 yards away from the ball before it is kicked if a free kick is made. The kick is retaken if this rule is not followed. Depending on the quality of the offense, two forms of free kicks are awarded: I Direct Free Kick — gives the team a direct shot at the opponent's target.
Kicking a penalty: Offenses that occur in the penalty and goal areas are given a penalty shot. A teammate who has been elected is allowed to score from the penalty spot, with just the goalkeeper to beat.
Insertion: When the entire ball passes the touch line, a throw-in is awarded (conceded by the team who last touched the ball). It is delivered with both hands on the field of play, from behind and over the player's head.
Kicking a corner: When the entire ball crosses the opposition's goal line after hitting one of their players, a corner kick is awarded. A kick is taken from the corner of the field to whichever side the ball traveled.


Q.18. Write a brief note on the history of Hockey in India.

The origins of the game of hockey can be traced back to the world's earliest civilisations. The hockey game, one of the oldest known sports, is thought to have existed about 1200 years before the Ancient Games of Olympia. Every land, from the Arabs to the Greeks, Romans, and Persians to the Ethiopians, had its own version of the game. Although some people played hockey for fun, others believed it would help them become better warriors. Despite the fact that hockey was played in various forms by many ancient civilizations, the modern game of field hockey was invented in the British Isles in the nineteenth century. In India, the first hockey club was established in Calcutta in 1885-86, followed by Bombay and Punjab. The Indian hockey team made its Olympic debut at the 1928 Amsterdam Games, winning its first Olympic gold medal without conceding a single goal. The Indian hockey hero Dhyan Chand, who mesmerized the Amsterdam crowd with his dazzling skills, was the epitome of this brutal dominance. India won six consecutive Olympic gold medals and 24 consecutive matches from 1928 to 1956. It was Indian hockey's golden age, when the country produced some of the best players the game had ever seen.


Q.19. What are the rules of the game in respect of
(i) Field

  • Hockey players can only use the flat side of their stick to strike the puck.
  • Hockey players (except the goalkeeper) are not permitted to control the ball with their feet or any other part of their body at any time.
  • A field goal, a penalty corner, or a penalty stroke are the only ways to score a goal. A field goal is a goal scored in open play from inside the'striking circle,' directly in front of the opponent's goal. It does not count as a score if the hockey ball is struck from outside the circle and goes into the goal.
  • An opponent should not be tripped, pushed, charged, interfered with, or physically handled in any way by a hockey player. Since hockey is a non-contact sport, all fouls result in either a free hit or a ‘penalty corner' for the non-offending side, depending on the location and nature of the violation.

(ii) Players

A field goal is a goal scored in open play from inside the 'striking circle,' directly in front of the opponent's goal. It does not count as a score if the hockey ball is struck from outside the circle and goes into the goal. An opponent should not be tripped, pushed, charged, interfered with, or physically handled in any way by a hockey player. Since hockey is a non-contact sport, all fouls result in either a free hit or a ‘penalty corner' for the non-offending side, depending on the location and nature of the violation.

(iii) Equipment

Even if you understand the rules of hockey and the various ways to fire or dribble the puck, you won't be able to play until you have your hockey equipment! Field hockey requires a significant amount of pre-purchased equipment, such as guards, to ensure your safety. If you're a goaltender, you'll need a different set of hockey equipment. However, if you haven't decided which field hockey positions you want to play, you should probably only get the basic equipment.

(iv) Free hits

When fouls are committed outside the scoring circles, free hits are awarded. The offended team is allowed to strike or drive the ball once in either direction. When a free hit is awarded, opponents must move 5 meters away from the ball, and when attacking free hits within 5 meters of the circle, all attackers must move 5 meters away as well.

(v) Long corner

In both cases, the ball must be stationary when the side-in, long corner, or free hit is made, and the action can be re-started by throwing the ball to a teammate or taking it as a self-pass. A free hit, unlike a 'self-pass,' necessitates the ball moving at least one meter before being played by a teammate. The hit must be at least 5 yards away from the other teams. When the ball rises slightly off the turf, the free hit should not be penalized if the intention to play along the ground is apparent and the hit is not risky and/or does not lead to dangerous play. Spectators may be perplexed as to why the umpire blows the whistle or does not blow the whistle when the ball rises slightly on the strike. In fact, the umpire must decide if the ball is being raised as a result of the batter's technique or whether the ball is being lifted in a risky manner due to the ground. Another consideration for the umpire is whether the ball is being aimed into a space or two or more players.

(vi) Short corner

The side that first touches the ball must carry it to the edge of the touch at the point where it went in and throw it straight out at least six yards, and it must touch the field before coming into contact with another player, unless it is kicked out at the goal-sides, in which case it must be taken to the corner-flag and thrown in. In a letter to the editor of the Sheffield Daily Telegraph dated March 22, 1867, the corner-kick was proposed. The author, writing under the pen name "Rouge," claimed that the new rule was "a great inducement to foul and dishonourable play," since it was "clearly to the benefit of a defending side to allow the ball to cross their goal line, they having the great advantage of a free kick-off." "When the ball is kicked behind the goal-line, the players [should] sprint for touch, and the side that wins the touch kicks in from the nearest corner-flag," Rouge suggested. Following a rule reform made by Norfolk F.C., the corner-kick was added to Sheffield football the following year.

(vii) Penalty stroke

When defenders commit a deliberate foul in the circle, depriving an attacker of possession or the ability to play the ball, a penalty stroke is awarded. A single attacker takes this penalty against the goalkeeper from a position 6.4 meters from the penalty spot and directly in front of the goal. The goalkeeper must stand with his heels on the goal line and not move until the ball is played. The striker can drive or flick the ball toward the goal on the umpire's whistle, which the goalkeeper will attempt to save. The player who takes the penalty shot is not allowed to touch the ball more than twice. It is also prohibited to hit, drag, or tap the ball. If the shot is saved, play begins with a 15-meter hit to the defenders; if a goal is scored, play begins at the center line. For the penalty stroke, time is stopped.


Q.20. Which motor skill you enjoyed the most and why?

Muscle movements and acts are referred to as motor skills. They are usually divided into eighteen groups: To perform tasks like walking, balancing, and crawling, gross motor skills include the use of large muscle groups. Since the skill set required isn't comprehensive, they're typically associated with ongoing activities. Early childhood is crucial for the growth of these skills. After periods of inactivity, the degree of gross motor ability output remains unchanged. Oculomotor skills, such as running, jumping, sliding, and swimming, and object-control skills, such as tossing, catching, and kicking, are two subgroups of gross motor skills.


Q.21. How can you improve your performance in the game of volleyball?

Set aside time for yourself on a regular basis to do what you like without feeling hurried. If you enjoy relaxing activities like recreational gambling, lucky247 has a range of ways for you to relax and have fun. Pay a visit to those you care for and make the most of the time you have with them. Remember that your attitude is important, and having fun with the people you care about can help you relax. You don't have to dart from place to place when you play volleyball, which might seem counterproductive. It's more important to be as effective with your movement as possible. This is more complex than it seems, but it is still only a mental change. Avoid moving faster than necessary; instead, predict the situation and take a few moves rather than scrambling. You'll eventually be able to reliably forecast the scenario, and you'll not only be prepared to face it, but you'll also have more than enough energy to retaliate, thanks to your practice.


Fill in the Blanks

Q.22. Measurement of a basketball court is______.

Measurement of a basketball court is  28 x15 meters.


Q.23. Diameter of the ring is______.

Diameter of the ring is  Rolling.


Q.23. Duration of team time out is______.

Duration of team time out is  30 seconds.


Q.24. Height of the lower edge of the board from floor is______.

Height of the lower edge of the board from floor is  10 feet (305 cm) above the ground.


Q.25. Duration of one quarter is______.

The duration of one quarter is  1 beat.


Q.26. Cricket became an international game with the formation of the ______ in 1909.

Cricket became an international game with the formation of the  became an International game with the formation in 1909.


Q.27. The International Cricket Council (ICC) staged the first limited over Cricket World Cup in ______.

The International Cricket Council (ICC) staged the first limited over Cricket World Cup in 1975.


Q.28. The Indian Cricket Control Board came into being towards the end of______.

The Indian Cricket Control Board came into being towards the end of  1935.


Q.29. The name of the Imperial  Cricket  Conference was changed to ______ to enable countries outside the Common Wealth to become its members.

The name of the Imperial  Cricket  Conference was changed to  Cricket Conference  to enable countries outside the Common Wealth to become its members.


Q.30. The lines that delineate the width of the court are called the ______ .

The lines that delineate the width of the court are called the baseline  and the service line.


Q.31. The National Cricket Championship is known as ______Trophy, named after Prince Ranjit Singhji of Nawanagar.

The National Cricket Championship is known as  Trophy, Ranji Trophy named after Prince Ranjit Singhji of Nawanagar.


Q.32. The first-ever football club in India, the ______ was founded in 1872.

The first-ever football club in India, the ‘Calcutta Football Club’ was founded in 1872.


Q.33. The decade of 1951 to 1962 is known as the ______ era in the history of Indian football.

The decade of 1951 to 1962 is known as the known as the golden era in the history of Indian football.


Q.34. The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) was formed in the Second Asian Games held in Manila in ______ .

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) was formed in the Second Asian Games held in Manila in 7 May 1954.


Q.35. The first football association, known as Indian Football Association” (IFA) which was established in 1893 was replaced by ______ .

The first football association, known as Indian Football Association” (IFA) which was established in 1893 was replaced by All India Football Federation (AIFF).


Q.36. India became the first Asian nation to reach the Olympic football semifinals in the ______ Olympics.

India became the first Asian nation to reach the Olympic football semifinals in the summer Olympics.


Q.37. If the ball is raised off the ground in a manner that is, in the umpire’s opinion, dangerous, the ball is turned over to the 109 ______  and they receive a ______  of contact.

If the ball is raised off the ground in a manner that is, in the umpire’s opinion, dangerous, the ball is turned over to the 109 other team and they receive a free hit from the point of contact.


Q.38. Hockey uses a three-tier card system of warnings and suspensions and these are known as (i) ______ card, (ii) ______ card, and (iii) ______ card.

Hockey uses a three-tier card system of warnings and suspensions and these are known as (i) Yellow card, (ii) Green card, and (iii) Red card.


Q.39. The procedure laid down in FIH tournament regulations for tie-breaker  mandates ______ minutes each way of  “golden goal” extra time  (i.e. the game ends as soon as one team scores). If scores are still levelled,  the game will be decided with______ .

The procedure laid down in FIH tournament regulations for tie-breaker  mandates 15 minutes each way of  “golden goal” extra time  (i.e. the game ends as soon as one team scores). If scores are still levelled,  the game will be decided with level.


Q.40. The first game of volleyball was played in ______ .

The first game of volleyball was played in  July 7, 1896 at Springfield College.


Q.41. Volleyball is a fast game played by two teams of ______ players each.

Volleyball is a fast game played by two teams of players each.


State whether True or False

Q.42. Five players are required to start a game.

True


Q.43. Player is to be substituted within 20 seconds.

False


Q.44. After five fouls player has to leave the court.

True


Q.45. Basketball game was invented in 1981.

False


Q.46. Player can leave the court at any time.

False


Q.47. It is considered as a fault if six players are playing the game.

False


Q.48. Three consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same team are allowed.

True


Q.49. The player touches the net during play.

True


Q.50. A player catches and throws the ball.

False


Q.51. Two consecutive contacts with the ball made by the same player are allowed.

False


Assess your Performance by the following Activities

Q.52. Dribbling Test: Zig Zag dribbling for 30 seconds

To score a basket, drive the ball around the court, get away from defenders, and find a good passing path, you must penetrate. Dribbling can be classified as follows:

  • standard dribble
  • low dribbling
  • high dribbling
  • behind the back
  • crossover dribble 
  • change-of-pace
  • dribble between the legs


Q.53. Shooting Test: Shooting for 30 seconds from under the basket position

The aim of the game is to score as many points as possible in order to win. As a result, improving the team's shooting is critical to winning a game. Shooting with one or both hands is accomplished in the following ways:

  • JUMP SHOOT 
  • DUNK SHOOT
  • FREE KICK
  • Three-point shot
  • Layup
  • Hook shot


Q.54. Passing Test: Passing on the wall for 30 seconds from 5 mtr. distance

Players must be able to pass accurately in order to have a successful offensive assault. It aids in the discovery of an open individual, the identification of a strong shooter, and the eludement of a defender. In basketball, there are two kinds of passes: one-handed and two-handed passes.

  • Baseball
  • Off-the-dribble
  • Bounce
  • Shoulder
  • Hook
  • Overhead
  • Chest
  • Push
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