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Factual Passage - 13 | English Grammar Advanced - Class 10 PDF Download

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

1. When one thinks about predators, one thinks about power. Hyena, Great White Shark, and Sea Hawk–all pack a powerful punch. Their powerful muscles are critical for hunting but before anyone of them can eat, they each have to find and follow their chosen prey, which isn’t always easy.

2. Hyena has phenomenally powerful jaws and one of the strongest bites in the world. With a force of half a ton, they can crush bones like us munching popcorn. They eat the bone, the hair, even hooves, horns, and teeth. Hyena’s milk is a very special jam-packed with energy and four times richer than cow’s milk. But it takes a lot for mum to make such nutritious milk and without a decent meal, the supplies run low. Hyenas can take down prey more than three times their size.

3. Great White Shark with rows of razor-sharp teeth, the super heavyweight fish can deliver a bite of two tons. And sharks are powerful swimmers too, with bursts of speed of 25 miles an hour they can ambush their prey, capture them completely unawares. Great white sharks live alone. They can go for three months without food. They are the ultimate predator when it comes to swimming. They have special scales called denticles. These denticles reduce drag and their torpedo-shaped body means they are super streamlined cutting through the water with ease.

4. Osprey also known as Sea Hawk or fish Hawk, may only weigh the same as a bag of sugar, but Osprey can still pack one heck of a punch. They’re the ultimate fishermen and their incredible power lies in their flight muscles. After smashing into the water at up to 45 miles an hour, they have to take off from the water carrying a fish that can weight as much as they do. When there are hungry chicks to feed, dad does most of the hunting leaving mum to serve up dinner back at the nest. Plunging under water is seriously dangerous especially when one can’t swim. That’s why the bird needs those powerful flight muscles to haul itself back out of the water. Ospreys fly between Canada and South America every year to find the best fishing spots.

Attempt the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read:
(a) When we think of predators, we think of _____________.

(i) weakness
(ii) weight
(iii) hunger
(iv) power

Correct Option is (iv) power

(b) Osprey just might weigh the same as a bag of ___________.
(i) sugar
(ii) salt
(iii) sand
(iv) cotton

Correct Option (i) sugar

(c) Hyena have extremely powerful jaws. (True/False)

True

(d) The sharks are not powerful swimmers. (True/False)

False

(e) Ospreys fly between Canada and South America every year. (True/False)

True

(f) Hyena’s milk is four times richer than __________ milk.

cow’s

(g) Great white sharks have special scales called ___________.

denticles

(h) Find the word from the passage which means the same as “an animal that kills and eats other animals”. (para 3)

Predators

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