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Sentences with Question Tags | English Grammar Advanced - Class 10 PDF Download

Sentences with Question Tags

  • In the indirect speech the question-tag is usually left.
  • In indirect speech these words are removed and the word ‘respectfully’ is used in the reporting clause.

Example:

  • Direct: Mahesh said, “Sir, may I go home?”
    Indirect: Mahesh respectfully asked his sir if he might go home.

Sentences with ‘Yes’ or ‘No’

  • Direct: He said, “Can you dance?” And I said, “No.”
    Indirect: He asked me if I could dance and I replied that I couldn’t.
  • Direct: My mother said, “Will you come home on time?” And I said, “Yes.”
    Indirect: My mother asked me if I would come home on time and I replied that I would.

Note: ‘Yes’ of ‘No’ hides a complete sentence. Therefore, change yes/no into a short answer.

  • Direct: She said to me, “You didn’t break the window, did you?”
    Indirect: She asked me if/whether I had broken the window.
  • Direct: He said to Geeta, “You are going to the station, aren’t you?”
    Indirect: He asked Geeta if/ whether she was going to the station.

Sentences with ‘have to’ or ‘had to’

  • Change ‘have to’ according to the rules.
  • But change ‘had to’ into ‘had had to’ in the indirect speech.

Examples:

  • Direct: Hari said, “I have to work a lot.”
    Indirect: Hari said that he had to work a lot.
  • Direct: Hari said, “I had to work a lot.”
    Indirect: Hari said that he had had to work a lot.

Sentences with ‘Sir’, ‘Madam’ or ‘Your Honour’ etc.

  • Generally, such words are used to show respect to the person concerned.

Exclamations and Wishes


Sometimes Exclamatory sentences contain exclamations like Hurrah!, Alas!, Oh!, Heavens!, Bravo, etc. Such exclamatory words are removed in the indirect speech and we use ‘exclaimed with sorrow’, exclaimed with joy, exclaimed with surprise, etc. instead of ‘said’.
Examples:
  • Direct: Rohan said, “Hurrah! We won the match.”
    Indirect: Rohan exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.
  • Direct: Reema said, “Alas! Karina’s mother is suffering from cancer.”
    Indirect: Reema exclaimed with sorrow that Karina’s mother was suffering from cancer.
  • Direct: The captain said to Kapil, “Bravo! You scored 89 runs.”
    Indirect: The captain exclaimed with praise that he (Kapil) had scored 89 runs.
(a) Look at these sentences:
  • Direct: My mother said, “May God bless you!”
    Indirect: My mother prayed to God for my well being.
  • Direct: She said, “May God save the country!”
    Indirect: She prayed to God to save the country.
  • Direct: They said to the king, “Long live!”
    Indirect: They blessed the king for his long life.
(b) Look at these sentences:
  • Direct: Mohan said, “What a pity!”
    Indirect: Mohan exclaimed that it was a great pity.
  • Direct: I said, “How stupid he is!”
    Indirect: I exclaimed that it was a very stupid of him.
  • Direct: “What a terrible sight it is!” said the traveller.
    Indirect: The traveller exclaimed that it was a very terrible sight.
    All the sentences in inverted commas are exclamatory sentences.

Note:

  • Use ‘exclaimed’ in place of ‘said’ in the reporting verb in the indirect speech.
  • In Indirect sentences, we use exclamatory sentences as statements.
  • Indirect speech begins with that and full stop (•) is used instead of the exclamation mark (!).

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