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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science PDF Download

Table of contents
Class 10 NCERT Solutions of Science for all Chapters
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 - Chemical Reactions and Equations
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases, and Salts
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5 - 
Periodic Classification of Elements
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6 - Life Processes
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7 - Control and Coordination
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8 - How do Organisms Reproduce?
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10 - Light Reflection and Refraction
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14 - Sources of Energy
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15 - Our Environment
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - 
Sustainable Management of Natural Resourcces
How NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science are Helpful While Preparing for the Exam?
Features of NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions
Other NCERT Resources for Class 10 Science
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

NCERT is the most important book for class 10 students as the majority of questions come from it in the exam. Toppers also recommend NCERT as the go-to textbook for class 10. According to toppers, NCERT should be read line by line and all of its questions must be solved.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science


Class 10 NCERT Solutions of Science for all Chapters

EduRev provides solutions to all the chapters of science at one place. These solutions are great  for the preparation of exams. The solutions are always updated to the latest editions of the books and contain all the answers to every single question in the textbook.

In the table given below links are provided to NCERT solutions to all the chapters of science.

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science All Chapters

Chapter 1 - Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases, and Salts

Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals

Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds

Chapter 5 - Periodic Classification of Elements

Chapter 6 - Life Processes

Chapter 7 - Control and Coordination

Chapter 8 - How do Organisms Reproduce?

Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution

Chapter 10 - Light Reflection and Refraction

Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World

Chapter 12 - Electricity

Chapter 13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Chapter 14 - Sources of Energy

Chapter 15 - Our Environment

Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management of Natural Resources


Note - Out of 16 chapters, 3 chapters are not in the syllabus. The deleted chapters are Periodic Classification of Elements, Sources of Energy and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 - Chemical Reactions and Equations

The first chapter of Class 10 NCERT Science covers topics related to chemical reactions, including how to write chemical equations and balance them, as well as different types of chemical reactions such as combination, decomposition, displacement, and double displacement reactions. The chapter also explains exothermic and endothermic reactions based on energy transfer and redox reactions, which involve both reduction and oxidation.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations:

Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction. 

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 1 Chemical Reactions and Equations at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases, and Salts

NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 2 covers the topics of acids, bases, and salts. The chapter explains the chemical properties of acids and bases, including how they react with metals and each other, and how they can neutralise each other's effects. It also discusses the conductivity of acid solutions and the concept of pH, and covers the preparation, properties, and uses of salts.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases and Salts:

Concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), the importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.
Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases and Salts at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals

In Chapter 3 of Class 10 Science, students will learn about the physical and chemical properties of metals and non-metals. Metals are characterized by their lustrous appearance, malleability, ductility, and ability to conduct heat and electricity. Non-metals, on the other hand, can be either solid or gas and are generally not as good conductors as metals. The chapter discusses the chemical reactions of metals with oxygen, water, acids, and metal salts, and introduces the concept of the reactivity series, which ranks metals based on their reactivity. The chapter also covers the formation of ionic compounds or electrovalent compounds through the transfer of electrons from a metal to a non-metal and discusses the general properties of ionic compounds. The process of extracting and refining metals is also introduced, along with a discussion of corrosion and ways to prevent it.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals:

Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals, Reactivity series, Basic metallurgical processes, Corrosion and its prevention. 

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and Its Compounds

In Chapter 4 of Class 10 Science, students will learn about additional compounds and their properties, with a focus on carbon and its role in forming covalent bonds with itself and other elements. The chapter discusses the concept of saturated and unsaturated carbon compounds and provides examples of each. It also covers the chemical properties of carbon and its compounds, including combustion, oxidation, and various types of reactions. The chapter also introduces ethanol and ethanoic acid as examples of carbon compounds that are important in our daily lives and discusses soap and detergents, including their chemical structures and properties, and the differences between them.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 4 - Carbon and its compounds

Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), the difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents. Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 4 - Carbon and its compounds at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5 - 

Periodic Classification of Elements


In this chapter, Periodic Classification of Elements, elements in the Modern Periodic Table are arranged in 18 vertical columns called groups and 7 horizontal rows called periods. Elements thus arranged show periodicity of properties including atomic size, valency or combining capacity and metallic and non-metallic character. The valency of an element is determined by the number of valence electrons present in the outermost shell of its atom. The term atomic size refers to the radius of an atom.

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 5 Periodic Classification of Elements at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6 - Life Processes

In NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 6, students will learn about the six life processes that are essential for all living organisms: movement, respiration, growth, reproduction, excretion, and nutrition. The chapter covers the different stages of nutrition, including ingestion, digestion, absorption, transport, assimilation, and excretion, and differentiates between autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition. It also discusses the human respiratory system and the process of respiration, which involves the breakdown of organic compounds to produce energy.
The chapter introduces the circulatory system in humans, which is responsible for transporting materials such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, food, and excretory products, and discusses the role of vascular tissue in highly differentiated plants for transport. The excretory system in humans and the methods that plants use to get rid of waste material are also covered..

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 6 - Life Processes:

The basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals. 

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 6 - Life Processes at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7 - Control and Coordination

In Chapter 7 of Class 10 Science, students will learn about the role of the nervous system and hormones in control and coordination in the body. The responses of the nervous system are classified as reflex, voluntary, or involuntary, and it uses electrical impulses to transmit messages and control muscle activity. The chapter also discusses chemical coordination in plants and animals, including the role of hormones and feedback mechanisms in regulating their action.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 7 - Control and Coordination:

Tropic movements in plants; Control and coordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical coordination: animal hormones. 

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 7 - Control and Coordination at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8 - How do Organisms Reproduce?

In Chapter 8 of Class 10 Science, students will learn about the various modes of reproduction used by different organisms, including asexual reproduction, which involves the creation of new generations from a single individual, and sexual reproduction, which involves the creation of a new individual through the combination of DNA from two individuals. The chapter discusses the reproductive systems in humans, including the male and female systems, and the process of sexual reproduction and fertilization. It also covers the changes that occur during puberty as a sign of sexual maturation and introduces contraception as a way to prevent pregnancy.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 8 - How do organisms reproduce:

Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health
Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 8 - How do organisms reproduce at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution

In Chapter 9 of Class 10 Science, students will learn about heredity and evolution, including how traits are inherited and the role of variation in reproduction. The chapter discusses the rules for the inheritance of traits in humans, including the contribution of both the mother's and the father's genetic material. It also covers the factors that determine sex in different species and the concept of speciation through the combination of variation and geographical isolation. The chapter introduces the classification of organisms and the idea of tracing common ancestors back in time to understand the origins of life.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution:

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution – Laws for inheritance of traits (topics excluded – evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress). 

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10 - Light Reflection and Refraction

In NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 10, the students will learn about the reflection and refraction of light using the straight-line propagation of light, and how these concepts can be applied in real life. The chapter covers the reflection of light by spherical mirrors and the refraction of light by understanding the concepts of refractive index and optical density. The chapter also discusses the use of mirror and lens formulas to calculate the object distance, image distance, and focal length for spherical mirrors and lenses. The power of a lens, which is the reciprocal of its focal length, is also discussed, with the SI unit being the dioptre.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 10 - Light Reflection and Refraction:

Images formed by spherical mirrors, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), and magnification. Refraction; Laws of refraction, Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens. 

Also access the following resources for Chapter 10 - Light Reflection and Refraction at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World

In NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 11, students will learn about the optical phenomena in nature, including the formation of rainbows and the splitting of white light. The chapter also discusses the accommodation of the eye, the refractive defects of vision (myopia, hypermetropia, and presbyopia), and the dispersion of light. The chapter explains how to correct myopia and hypermetropia using concave and convex lenses, respectively, and how presbyopia is caused by the eye losing its power of accommodation with age.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 11 - The Human eye and colourful world:

Functioning of a lens in the human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset). 

Also access the following resources for Chapter 11 - The Human eye and colourful world at EduRev:


NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity

The chapter discusses the principles and applications of electricity. It explains that electricity is a form of energy resulting from the flow of charge and is measured in amperes. It also introduces the concept of potential difference and resistance, and how they affect the flow of electricity. The chapter also introduces Ohm's law, which states that the potential difference across a resistor is directly proportional to the current flowing through it, and explains how the resistance of a conductor depends on its material, length, and cross-sectional area. The chapter also introduces the concept of electrical energy and power, which are measured in watts and kilowatt-hours, respectively.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 12 - Electricity:

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R. 

Also access the following resources for Chapter 12 - Electricity at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

The chapter covers the concept of magnetic fields, the magnetic effect of electric current, and the electric effect of moving magnets. It discusses how a compass needle works and how to represent a magnetic field using field lines. It also explains how a metallic wire carrying an electric current has a magnetic field, the pattern of which depends on the shape of the conductor.
The chapter introduces electromagnets and describes how they work. It discusses how a current-carrying conductor experiences a force when placed in a magnetic field. The chapter also mentions the importance of fuses as safety devices in electrical circuits.

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current:

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. 

Also access the following resources for  Chapter 13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14 - Sources of Energy

In this chapter, all the important topics of Chapter 14 Sources of Energy such as the Classification of energy resources, renewable and non-renewable energy resources, conventional sources of energy, biomass, hydroelectric power plant, wind energy, non-conventional sources, energy from the ocean (tidal energy, wave energy, ocean thermal energy) and how to harness it, geothermal energy, nuclear energy, the difference between conventional and non-conventional energy resources, advantage and disadvantages of the thermal power plant, solar panel, energy conversion have been discussed.

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 14 Sources of Energy at EduRev:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15 - Our Environment

The NCERT Class 10 Science Chapter 15 discusses the interactions between various components of an ecosystem, including producers and consumers, and how human activities can impact the environment. It also covers the concept of food chains and the potential dangers of using chemicals like CFCs on the ozone layer. The chapter also addresses the issue of waste management and the negative effects of improper waste disposal on the environment..

Important Topics Covered in Class 10 Science Chapter 15 - Our Environment:

Ecosystem, Food Chain, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.
Also access the following resources for Chapter  Chapter 15 - Our Environment:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - 

Sustainable Management of Natural Resourcces

 In this chapter, we will look at some of our resources and how we are using them. Our resources like forests, wildlife, water, coal and petroleum need to be used in a sustainable manner. We can reduce pressure on the environment by sincerely applying the maxim of ‘Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose and Recycle’ in our lives. 

Also access the following resources for Class 10 Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources at EduRev:

How NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science are Helpful While Preparing for the Exam?

Let’s discuss how NCERT solutions are helpful in your exam preparation:

  • Class 10 Science is an essential subject for students who wish to study further in this field. 
  • To get good scores, you must go through the NCERT textbook of Class 10 Science thoroughly. 
  • After you complete each topic, you should attempt the exercise questions in order to review the topics. 
  • Then you can refer to the NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Science to confirm whether you answered the questions correctly. These solutions act as a reference for the students so that you can avoid repeating the same mistakes and answer all the questions accurately.

Features of NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions

NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Science is an ideal resource for students to help them prepare for their board exams. It provides comprehensive solutions to all the questions in the NCERT syllabus related to Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. These solutions are designed as per the NCERT curriculum and can help students instantly solve their doubts. The features of these solutions are given below:

  • Detailed explanations: The solutions provided are written in a way that is easy for students to understand, and the explanations for each exercise question in each chapter are detailed.
  • Exhaustive Coverage: The solutions cover all questions and examples given in the NCERT textbook, ensuring comprehensive preparation for exams.

  • Interactive Format: The solutions are presented in an interactive format, with images and graphs to help students visualize and understand complex concepts.

  • Regular Updates: The solutions are regularly updated to align with changes in the NCERT curriculum and to ensure accuracy.

  • Prepared by Experts: The solutions are prepared by subject matter experts and are reviewed for accuracy before being published.

Other NCERT Resources for Class 10 Science

In addition to using NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions, students in Class 10 should also consider using other resources such as the NCERT Class 10 Science Exemplar, NCERT textbooks, and NCERT summaries to supplement their studies. These materials are aligned with the CBSE Class 10 science syllabus and can be helpful for exam preparation. It is recommended that students review these materials after completing the entire syllabus to aid in revision before the exam. The links to these resources are provided below:


If you need a complete course for your class 10 preparation, do check out EduRev Infinity for class 10. EduRev Infinity is more about quality than quantity, if we have to put a number, you would get around 30+ EduRev courses, which includes 500+ tests, 900+ docs, and 400+ videos and so much more!


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

Can the NCERT Books for Class 10 Science be considered as the best study material for exam preparations?

NCERT books are the perfect textbooks for Class 10 Science Preparation as most of the questions come from them. NCERT textbooks and NCERT Exemplar should be read carefully and all the topics should be thoroughly covered. Toppers also recommend NCERT for science exam preparation. It is important to not only read the concepts but also practise questions from NCERT.

Which book should I use for class 10 Science?

NCERT is the best book for preparation for class 10. NCERT books are an essential resource for preparing for the Class 10 science exam, as a significant portion of the questions are often taken from these books. It is important for students to carefully read and understand the material presented in the NCERT textbooks and Exemplar, covering all topics thoroughly. After studying from NCERT, you can also study from Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur to practise different types of questions. The perfect solutions for Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur are available on EduRev.

What are the chapters present in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science?

The latest Class 10 Science syllabus includes a total of 13 chapters from total 16 chapters present in NCERT, and NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science are an excellent resource to help students easily understand all of these chapters. Students can access the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science from our page at this link, allowing them to take advantage of expert guidance as they prepare for their exams. These solutions can help shape their exam preparation and give them a strong foundation in the subject.


Will the questions in the board exam appear from NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science?

A significant number of the questions on the Class 10 Science exam are typically taken from NCERT Solutions. As they work through the textbook questions, students can refer to the solutions provided by EduRev's faculty to gain a better understanding of the concepts. These solutions are written in a way that makes it easy for students to comprehend difficult topics. Students can access the solutions both online and offline at any time, making them a convenient resource for exam preparation.


What are the advantages of using NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science?

Here are several advantages of using NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science, including the following:

  • The solutions are provided by EduRev Experts who have a deep understanding of the CBSE curriculum and the requirements of the Class 10 Science exam.
  • The solutions are based on the latest edition of the NCERT textbook, ensuring that they are up-to-date and accurate.
  • The solutions are presented in a clear and easy-to-understand format, making it easy for students to follow and understand the concepts.
  • The solutions cover all the important topics and concepts in the Class 10 Science syllabus, providing comprehensive coverage of the material.
  • The solutions include a range of different types of questions, such as multiple choice, short answer, and long answer questions, allowing students to practice a variety of question types.
  • The solutions also include detailed explanations for each question, allowing students to understand the reasoning behind the answers and to learn from their mistakes.
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