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Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q1: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).

(i) Soil erosion is caused by
(a)
Water
(b) Wind
(c) Human activities
(d) All of the above

(ii) Which of the following is not a method of soil conservation?
(a) 
Afforestation
(b) Contour plowing
(c) Deforestation
(d) Crop rotation

(iii) Which type of soil is most prone to erosion?
(a) 
Clay soil
(b) Sandy soil
(c) Loam soil
(d) Silt soil

(iv) What is the process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles called?
(a)
Weathering
(b) Erosion
(c) Deposition
(d) Dissolution

(v) Which of the following is a negative effect of soil erosion?
(a) 
Increased soil fertility
(b) Loss of topsoil
(c) Improved drainage
(d) Enhanced plant growth

Q2: Fill in the blanks.

(i) The removal of the top layer of soil by wind or water is known as ________.

(ii) ________ is the process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles called soil.

(iii) Planting trees along the riverbanks is a method of soil conservation called ________.
Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(iv) Soil erosion can be prevented by practicing ________ farming.

(v) The roots of plants help to hold the ________ in place, preventing erosion.

(vi) Soil erosion is the process of __________ and transporting soil particles from one place to another.

(vii) __________ is the primary agent responsible for soil erosion.

(viii) The wearing away of the topsoil is known as __________.

(ix) Terrace farming is an effective method to control soil erosion on __________ slopes.
Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(x) Planting trees along the edges of fields forms a barrier called __________, which helps prevent soil erosion.

Q3: Match the column.

Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q4: True or False.

(i) Soil erosion is beneficial for agricultural activities.

(ii) Wind and water are the main agents of soil erosion.

(iii) Deforestation leads to increased soil erosion.

(iv) Terrace farming is a method of soil conservation.

(v) Soil erosion only occurs in desert areas.
Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(vi) Soil erosion can have detrimental effects on agriculture and the environment.

(vii) Wind erosion is more common in wet and humid regions.

(viii) Deforestation can exacerbate the problem of soil erosion.

(ix) Contour plowing is a farming practice that can reduce soil erosion.

(x) Soil erosion only affects the surface layer of the soil.

Q5: Define the Following.

(i) Soil Conservation

(ii) Erosion Control

(iii) Sedimentation

(iv) Contour Farming

(v) Desertification

Q6: Arrange in Correct Way.


Arrange the following steps in the correct order to demonstrate a method of preventing soil erosion.
(a) Mulch the soil surface
(b) Plant trees and grasses
(c) Construct terraces on steep slopes
(d) Use contour plowing
(e) Avoid overgrazing

Q7: Short Answer Questions.


(i) What is soil erosion?

(ii) List two factors that contribute to soil erosion.

(iii) Describe one method of soil conservation.
Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(iv) How does contour plowing help in conserving soil?

(v) Why is soil conservation important?


You can find Worksheets Solutions here: Worksheet Solutions: Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1

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FAQs on Soil Erosion And Conservation - 1 Class 5 Worksheet Science

1. What is soil erosion?
Ans. Soil erosion is the process of the removal and transportation of soil particles by natural forces such as wind, water, or ice. It can be caused by factors like deforestation, improper agricultural practices, and construction activities.
2. Why is soil erosion a problem?
Ans. Soil erosion is a problem because it leads to the loss of fertile topsoil, which is essential for plant growth. It also causes environmental issues such as water pollution, sedimentation in rivers and lakes, and increased risk of flooding.
3. How can soil erosion be prevented?
Ans. Soil erosion can be prevented through various conservation practices. Some effective methods include planting trees and vegetation to stabilize soil, practicing contour plowing and terracing on slopes, and using cover crops and mulching to protect the soil surface.
4. What are the effects of soil erosion on agriculture?
Ans. Soil erosion has negative effects on agriculture as it depletes the nutrient-rich topsoil, making it less productive for crop growth. It also reduces the water-holding capacity of the soil, increases the risk of drought, and exposes the land to increased soil erosion in the future.
5. How does soil erosion affect the environment?
Ans. Soil erosion has significant environmental impacts. It leads to the loss of biodiversity, as soil contains essential nutrients and microorganisms that support plant and animal life. It also contributes to water pollution by carrying sediment, pesticides, and fertilizers into rivers and lakes, harming aquatic ecosystems. Additionally, soil erosion can cause land degradation and desertification, making the affected areas unsuitable for cultivation or habitation.
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