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Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Q1: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).

(i) Which of the following is Earth's natural satellite?
(a) Mars
(b) Venus
(c) Moon
(d) Sun
Ans: (c)
The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite. It orbits around the Earth and is held in place by gravity.
Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

(ii) What causes the tides on Earth?
(a) The Sun's gravity
(b) The Moon's gravity
(c) Earth's magnetic field
(d) The rotation of the Earth
Ans: (b)
The Moon's gravity pulls on Earth's oceans, causing tides. The Sun's gravity also has a smaller effect, but the main cause of tides is the Moon's gravitational pull.

(iii) How long does it take for the Earth to complete one rotation on its axis?
(a) 24 hours
(b) 12 hours
(c) 48 hours
(d) 36 hours
Ans: (a)
It takes approximately 24 hours for Earth to complete one rotation on its axis. This rotation is what causes day and night.
Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

(iv) What is the shape of Earth?
(a) Perfect sphere
(b) Oblate spheroid
(c) Cube
(d) Flat
Ans: (b)
Earth is not a perfect sphere, but rather an oblate spheroid. This means it is slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator due to its rotation.

(v) Which of the following is NOT a phase of the Moon?
(a) Full Moon
(b) New Moon
(c) Half Moon
(d) Red Moon
Ans: (d)
A Red Moon is not a recognized phase of the Moon. The Moon's phases include New Moon, Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Last Quarter, and Waning Crescent.
Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Q2: Fill in the blanks.

(i) The Earth has _______ natural satellite(s).
Ans: The Earth has 1 natural satellite(s).

(ii) The Earth's natural satellite is called the _______.
Ans: The Earth's natural satellite is called the Moon.

(iii) A _______ is a celestial body that orbits around a planet.
Ans: A satellite is a celestial body that orbits around a planet.

(iv) The _______ of the Moon is about 1/6th that of Earth.
Ans: The gravity of the Moon is about 1/6th that of Earth.

(v) Earth's atmosphere is made up of _______% Nitrogen, _______% Oxygen, and trace amounts of other gases.
Ans: Earth's atmosphere is made up of 78 % Nitrogen, 21 % Oxygen, and trace amounts of other gases.

Q3: Match the column.

Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Ans: (i) : (b) 12,742 km: The diameter of Earth is approximately 12,742 km.
(ii) : (c) 3,474 km: The diameter of the Moon is approximately 3,474 km.
(iii) : (a) 384,400 km: The average distance between Earth and the Moon is approximately 384,400 km.
(iv) : (e) 24 hours: Earth's rotation period, or the time it takes for Earth to complete one rotation on its axis, is approximately 24 hours.
(v) : (d) 27.3 days: The Moon's rotation period, or the time it takes for the Moon to complete one rotation on its axis, is approximately 27.3 days.

Q4: True or False.

(i) The Moon is the fifth largest natural satellite in the solar system.
Ans: False
The Moon is the fifth largest natural satellite in the solar system.

(ii) The Moon's gravity is stronger than Earth's gravity.
Ans: False
The Moon's gravity is weaker than Earth's gravity, at about 1/6th the strength of Earth's gravity.
Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

(iii) One side of the Moon always faces the Earth.
Ans: True
One side of the Moon always faces the Earth due to a phenomenon called tidal locking, which means that the same side of the Moon is always visible from Earth.

(iv) Earth has two natural satellites.
Ans: False
Earth has only one natural satellite, which is the Moon.

(v) The Moon affects the Earth's tides.
Ans: True
The Moon affects the Earth's tides by exerting a gravitational force on the Earth, causing the water in the oceans to rise and fall in a regular cycle.

Q5: Short Answer Questions.


(i) What are the two main motions of the Earth?
Ans: The two main motions of the Earth are rotation and revolution. Rotation is the spinning of the Earth on its axis, while revolution is the Earth's orbit around the Sun.

(ii) Explain the term 'geocentric model.'
Ans: The geocentric model is an outdated astronomical model where Earth is considered the center of the universe, and all celestial bodies, including the Sun and Moon, revolve around it. This model was replaced by the heliocentric model, which places the Sun at the center of the solar system.
Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

(iii) How does the Moon affect the Earth's climate?
Ans: The Moon affects Earth's climate mainly by causing tides. Tides influence ocean currents, which in turn play a role in the distribution of heat across the Earth's surface. This can impact weather patterns and climate.

(iv) What causes the Moon to appear differently in the sky during different phases?
Ans: The Moon appears differently in the sky during different phases because of the changing angle of sunlight hitting its surface as it orbits Earth. This causes the visible portion of the Moon to change, creating the different phases we observe from Earth.

(v) Why do we always see the same side of the Moon from Earth?
Ans: We always see the same side of the Moon from Earth because the Moon's rotation period is the same as its orbital period around Earth. This phenomenon is called tidal locking and is a result of the gravitational interaction between the Earth and the Moon.

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FAQs on Earth and its Natural Satellites - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

1. What is a natural satellite?
Ans. A natural satellite is an astronomical body that orbits around a planet or a celestial object. Examples of natural satellites include the Moon, which orbits around Earth, and the various moons that orbit around other planets in our solar system.
2. How many natural satellites does Earth have?
Ans. Earth has one natural satellite, which is the Moon. It is the fifth-largest moon in the solar system and has a significant impact on Earth's tides and the stabilization of its axial tilt.
3. What is the significance of Earth's natural satellite?
Ans. The Moon, Earth's natural satellite, plays a vital role in various aspects of our planet. It helps stabilize Earth's axial tilt, which is crucial for maintaining a stable climate. The Moon's gravitational pull also affects Earth's tides, which have a significant impact on coastal ecosystems and navigation.
4. Can other planets have more than one natural satellite?
Ans. Yes, other planets in our solar system can have more than one natural satellite. For example, Jupiter, the largest planet, has a total of 79 known moons. Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune also have multiple natural satellites orbiting around them.
5. How does the Moon affect human life on Earth?
Ans. The Moon's influence on Earth goes beyond its visual beauty. It affects various aspects of human life, such as the measurement of time through lunar calendars and the inspiration it provides for art, literature, and culture. Additionally, the Moon's gravitational pull has influenced ancient navigation and continues to impact tides, which are essential for marine ecosystems and certain industries such as fishing and coastal tourism.
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