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What is a Festival?

A festival is a special occasion or event that is celebrated to mark a particular day or period. 
National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

  • During festivals, people come together to enjoy and share happiness, often engaging in various activities, rituals, and celebrations. 
  • It's a day filled with joy, happiness, fun activities, and celebrations. During festivals, we also enjoy delicious food. 
  • Festivals can be cultural, religious, or seasonal and are usually marked by special events, decorations, and sometimes specific foods. 
  • They serve as a time for communities to gather, celebrate, and create lasting memories together. 

 In India, we celebrate three main types of festivals—national festivals, religious festivals, and harvest festivals. 

What Are National Festivals?

National festivals are celebrations observed by an entire country to commemorate important events in its history. 

National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

  • These festivals have cultural, historical, or patriotic significance and are celebrated nationwide. 
  • These events are marked by various ceremonies, parades, cultural programs, and patriotic activities that bring people together to celebrate their shared identity and history. 
  • In India, for example, national festivals include Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti. 

1. Independence Day


Independence Day in India is celebrated on August 15th every year to commemorate the nation's freedom from British rule.  

National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

  • On this day, in the year 1947, India became an independent country.
  • Our freedom fighters fought against British rule to make our country independent.
  • On this day, the national flag is hoisted by our Prime Minister in Red Fort, New Delhi.
  • People all over India also celebrate Independence Day by raising the national flag in their homes and communities. 
  • Schools, colleges, and universities celebrate this day by hoisting flags, performing plays, and organizing cultural activities.

Question for National Festivals: India
Try yourself:Which of the following festivals is not a national festival in India?
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2. Republic Day of India


Republic Day in India is celebrated on January 26th each year to remember the day when the country's Constitution was put into action in 1950. It was on this day that India became a republic and was not a British Colony anymore.

National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

  • Republic Day is celebrated on 26 January every year.
  • On this day in 1950, the Constitution of India came into effect, which made India an independent republic.
  • The main celebration happens in New Delhi with a big parade showing India's different cultures and military strength
  • The President of India raises the National Flag, Tiranga and there are colorful displays, dances, and representations of each state. 

3. Gandhi Jayanti


Gandhi Jayanti is a special day celebrated in India on October 2nd every year to honor Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) played an important role in India's struggle for independence.

National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

  • Gandhiji, born on 2 October 1869, is called ‘The Father of the Nation’.
  • He was a freedom fighter who, with his belief in non-violence, fought against the British to make India an independent country.
  • On this day, people across the country pay tribute to Mahatma Gandhi by remembering his values of truth and non-violence.
  • The main event takes place at Raj Ghat in New Delhi, where leaders and citizens gather to offer prayers and homage at Gandhi's memorial. 

Question for National Festivals: India
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What is the significance of Independence Day in India?
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Did You Know?


(i) B.R. Ambedkar was an important Indian personality. Even though he came from a community that was treated poorly, he worked hard and became a big part of India's history. 

  • He drafted the constitution of India. He is often called the "Father of the Indian Constitution." 
  • Ambedkar fought against discrimination, especially the kind that people from his community, called Dalits or untouchables, had to go through.
  • He believed in giving everyone equal rights and worked to make sure the laws in India protected these rights.  

(ii) Every year in India, Dr. Radhakrishnan's birthday on 5 September is celebrated as Teachers’ Day.  He was an influential Indian scholar, philosopher, and statesman. His ideas about education and his efforts to improve it are well-remembered. 

Know about our National Flag

The national flag of India (also known as 'Tiranga') is a tricolor flag with three horizontal stripes of different colors. The top stripe is saffron, the middle one is white, and the bottom stripe is green. In the center of the white stripe, there is a navy blue Ashoka Chakra, which is a 24-spoke wheel. 
National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

  1. The tricolor and the Ashoka Chakra together represent the diversity and unity of the country. 
  2. The saffron color signifies courage and sacrifice, the white symbolizes truth and peace, and the green represents faith. 
  3. The Ashoka Chakra is a symbol of law and dharma (righteousness). The national flag is an important symbol of India's identity and is hoisted on various occasions, including Independence Day and Republic Day. 
The document National Festivals: India | General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce is a part of the CUET Commerce Course General Test Preparation for CUET.
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FAQs on National Festivals: India - General Test Preparation for CUET - CUET Commerce

1. What is a Festival?
Ans. A festival is a celebration or event that is usually centered around a specific theme, culture, or tradition. It often involves activities, performances, food, and decorations.
2. What Are National Festivals?
Ans. National festivals are celebrations that are observed by a country as a whole, typically to commemorate significant events in the nation's history, culture, or heritage. These festivals often bring people together to celebrate their shared identity and values.
3. Did You Know?
Ans. National festivals play a crucial role in fostering patriotism, unity, and a sense of belonging among the citizens of a country. They also serve as a platform to showcase the country's rich cultural diversity and heritage.
4. Know about our National Flag
Ans. The national flag of India, also known as the tricolor, consists of three horizontal stripes of saffron, white, and green, with the Ashoka Chakra in navy blue at the center. The colors and symbols on the flag hold significant meaning and represent various aspects of India's history and values.
5. National Festivals: India Class 1
Ans. National festivals in India, such as Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti, are celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor across the country. These festivals hold immense importance as they commemorate key milestones in India's journey towards freedom and progress.
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