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Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1 PDF Download

Introduction

There are seven continents and five oceans on our planet. The continents are the huge landmasses that separated by the waters of the oceans. 

The seven continents on our planet are: Africa, Asia, Antarctica, Europa, North America and South America and Oceania/Australia. These 7 continents vary in size and population numbers.
Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

Seven Continents

1. Asia

Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  •  Asia is the largest continent in size. It has the biggest land area and the world's biggest population. This means most people on our Earth live on the Asian continent. 
  • About 4.6 billion people live in Asia. The Asian continent has the most populous cities, which means there are the biggest cities in the world. Many million people live in the urban centres of the Asian continent, in cities such as in Delhi, Tokyo, Shanghai or Beijing.
  • Asia houses some of the richest nations in the world. The tiny country Qatar on the Arabian peninsula is on of the richest nations in the world due to its income from oil exploration and the petroleum industry. Saudi-Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain are also among richest countries in the world due to their oil reserves. 
  • The most languages are spoken in Asia - over 2,300 languages! However, most of these languages are spoken only by small groups of people. 2,000 languages of the world's 7,000 languages are spoken by less than 1,000 people! 
  • Chinese is the language with the most native speakers - with almost 1.4 billion people speaking it.  

2. Australia/Oceania


Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  • Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the planet. Strictly speaking Oceania is a geographic region that includes Australasia, Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.
  • This means Australia, New Zealand, Vanuatu and the many islands to the north and east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean are this region and thus on this continent. Australia is the largest landmass in the region and thus often also referred to as a continent.
  • About 43 million people live in Oceania. The most populous cities of the continent are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth - all these cities are in Australia.

3. Africa

Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  • Africa is the continent with the most countries. There are 54 countries on the African continent.
  • About 1.3 billion people live in Africa. The largest cities of the African continent are Lagos/Nigeria, Kinshasa/DR Congo and Cairo/Egypt.
  • The oldest human fossils such as skeletons and skulls have been discovered in Africa, therefore the African continent is also referred to as the 'cradle of humankind'
  • From the 15th - 19th century Africa was colonised by several countries including Portugal, the Netherlands, Spain, France, Italy, Belgium, the United Kingdom and Germany. The only countries that escaped colonialisation in Africa are Ethiopia and Liberia.
  • Africa also houses the longest river in the world, the Nile and the second highest waterfalls in the world, the Tugela Falls in South Africa.

4. North America

Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  • North America is a continent which is located entirely on the northern and western hemisphere. There are 23 countries in total on the North American continent. 
  • North American countries are:
    • the United States of America (USA)
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • the Caribbean islands 
    • and various other countries.
  • The the world's largest island Greenland is located on the North American continent. Greenland, however, belongs to Denmark, a country in Europe. Greenland is also known for the northernmost place in the world!
  • About 580 million people live on the North American continent. North America is home to the largest Christian population in the world. Almost 80% of the people in Canada, the USA and Mexico consider themselves as Christians. 
  • The Maya civilisation of Central America and Mexico is considered one of the oldest civilisations of this planet.
  • North America has the largest number of people who speak English either as their first language (231 million people) or as their second language fluently. English, however, is spoken by people in more than 100 countries worldwide.

5. Europe


Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  • Europe is considered to be the wealthiest and richest continent, however, there are poor regions especially in the eastern parts of the continent too! 
  • Europe houses the two smallest countries in the world:
    • Vatican City which is located inside Rome/Italy 
    • Monaco which is bordered on three sides by France. 
  • According to the United Nations, there are 44 countries in Europe. Five European countries are among the ten smallest countries in the world: San Marino, Liechtenstein, Vatican City, Monaco and the island country of Malta. The other five tiny countries of our planet are located on islands outside Europe. 

6. South America

Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  • South America is a continent of many natural superlatives:
    • the longest mountain range - the Andes
    • the highest waterfalls - the Angel Falls 
    • and the driest place on earth - the Atacama Desert in Chile. 
  • About 430 million people live in South America.

7. Antarctica

Continents of the World | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

  • Antarctica is the smallest continent by population numbers. This means the huge continent is only sparsely populated.
  • On Antarctica there are only research stations for scientists and no permanent settlements. Antarctica is covered almost completely by ice. 
  • 90% of the planet's ice is located on this continent, which also makes up 60% - 70% of the world's freshwater supply.
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