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Metric Units of Length | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1 PDF Download

Summary of metric units of distance

Metric Units of Length | General Knowledge for Young Learners - Class 1

What is the distance?

  • Distance measures length. For example, the distance of a road is how long the road is.
  • In the metric system of measurement, the most common units of distance are millimeters, centimeters, meters, and kilometers.

How big are metric units of distance?

  • A paper clip is about 1 millimeter thick.
  • A fingernail is about 1 centimeter wide.
  • The length of a guitar is about 1 meter.
  • A kilometer is equal to 1000 meters. It is a little over half of a mile.

Converting larger units to smaller units

1 centimeter = 10 millimeters
1 meter = 100 centimeters
1 meter = 1,000 millimeters
1 kilometer = 1,000 meters
To convert larger units to smaller units we multiply the number of larger units by the green conversion factor for the appropriate smaller units.
Example: Converting meters to centimeters:
1 meter = 100 centimeters
11 meter = 11 x 100 = 1100 centimeters

Converting smaller units to larger units

1 millimeter = 1/10 centimeter
1 centimeter = 1/100 meter
1 meter = 1/1,000 kilometer
To convert smaller units to larger units we divide the number of smaller units by the purple conversion factor for the appropriate larger units.
Example: Converting meters to kilometers:
1 meter = 1/1,000 kilometer
7 m = 7/1000 = 7 ÷ 1000 = 0.007 km

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