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Life Lines of National Economy Class 10 Worksheet Geography Chapter 1

MCQ

Q1: The National Highway No. 1 is also known as _____ .
(a) Mahatma Gandhi Marg
(b) Sher Shah Suri Marg
(c) Golden Quadrilateral
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru Road

Q2: The biggest port is
(a) Mumbai port
(b) Marmagao port
(c) New Mangalore port
(d) Kandla port

Q3: Tourism help in the development of international understanding and ______
(a) Brotherhood
(b) National pride
(c) Culture and heritage
(d) Handicrafts

Q4: What locations are connected by the longest National Highway-7?
(a) Delhi and Kanyakumari
(b) Delhi and Mumbai
(c) Jabalpur and Madurai
(d) Varanasi and Kanyakumari

 Q5: Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the East-West Corridors?
(a) Srinagar and Kanyakumari
(b) Silcher and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi

 Q6: The main type of water transport is:
(a) ocean
(b) inland waterways
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) none of these

Q7: Countries like Nepal and Bhutan are called:
(a) coastal countries
(b) landlocked countries
(c) gulf countries
(d) none of these

Q8: ______ has one of the largest road networks in the world, aggregating to about 2.3 million km at present.
(a) India
(b) China
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Nepal

Q9: Which of the following corridors links Srinagar and Kanyakumari?
(a) North-South corridor
(b) East-West corridor
(c) North-East corridor
(d) Sout-West corridor

Q10: Which of the following roads received special impetus under the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadal Yojana?
(a) Rural roads
(b) Urban roads
(c) District roads
(d) National Highways


Fill In The Blank

Direction : Complete the following statements with appropriate words.
Q1: The first port developed soon after independence is  ______ .

Q2: ______ are the cheapest means of transport.

Q3: With the development in ______ and ______ , the area of influence of trade and transport, expanded far and wide.

True/False
Direction: Read each of the following statements and write if it is true or false.

Q1: The Ganga river between Allahabad and Haldia is National Waterway No. 1.

Q2: Pawanhans Helicopters Ltd. provides helicopter services to oil and Natural Gas Corporation in its offshore operations to inaccessible areas.

Q3: Marmagao port is the premier iron ore exporting port  of the country.

Q4: Air travel is transport in north-eastern parts of India due to less expensive mode of transport. (True/False)

Q5: Super highways are six lane highways connecting major cities and ports of the country for speedy movement of goods and passengers. (True/False)

Q6: BOT stands for Build, Operate and Transfer. It means that after realising cost and profit for certain period, the roads will be transferred to the govt. as their rightful owners. (True/False)

Q7: Railways can transport larger number of goods and passengers over long distances at economical cost. (True/False)

Q8: Express or freeways are the national highways with 4 to 6 lanes meant to meet the requirement of fast traffic movement across the country. (True/False)

Assertion And Reason Questions
DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Q1: Assertion : Road transportation in India faces a number of problems.
Reason : Roads are unmetalied, their network is adequate.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q2: Assertion : Waterways are the cheapest means of transport.
Reason : It is a fuel-efficient and environment friendly mode of transport.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q3: Assertion : International trade has undergone a sea of changes in the last decades.
Reason: Exchange of commodities and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q4: Assertion : Transport and communications are called lifelines of our economy.
Reason : Transport and communications do not help in easy movement of goods and materials between countries.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q5: Assertion : Mass communication promotes national integration and provides entertainment.
Reason : It strengthens democracy in the country by providing news to the masses. They feel attached to the country and a feeling of Nationalism arises in them.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q6: Assertion : Trade is considered as the economic barometer of the country.
Reason : Trading helps largely in developing countries like India. Advancement of trade is an index to its economic prosperity.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q7: Assertion : Road transportation in India faces a number of problems.
Reason : Roads are unmetalled, their network is adequate.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q8: Assertion : International trade has undergone a sea of changes in the last decades.
Reason : Exchange of commodities and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q9: Assertion : Communication is unessential requirement of human life.
Reason : Communication between people does not create awareness.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q10: Assertion : Cost of laying pipelines is less but subsequent running costs are maximum
Reason : Pipelines do not facilitate easy transportation of goods.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Very Short Questions
Q1: Which is the deepest landlocked and well protected port?

Q2: Why was Haldia port developed?

Q3: What is the major objective of the super Highways?

Q4: Why was Border Roads Organisation established in 1960?

Q5: Why are metalled roads called all weather roads.

Q6: Which port was the first port developed soon after the independence of India?

Q7: Where is New Mangalore port located?

Q8: What is the major objective to develop Super Highways?

 Q9: What is a new arrival on the transportation map of India? 

 Q10: Which means of transport is a new arrival on the map of India? 

Short Questions

Q1: What is pipeline transportation? Write two merits and demerits of the same.

Q2: ‘‘The pace of change in the communication sector has been rapid in modern times.’’ Support the statement with examples.

Q3: Why waterways are important ?

Q4: What is the significance of the title ‘Lifelines of National economy’ ?
OR
Why are the means of transportation and communication known as the lifeline of a nation and its economy ?

Q5: “The distribution pattern of the railway network in India has been mainly influenced by physiographic and economic factors,” Support the statement with suitable examples.
OR
Explain with example the condition responsible for in even distribution pattern of the following network in India.

Q6: What problems are faced by the railways ?

Q7: Why are transport, trade and communication complementary to each other ?

Q8: Mention the three important networks of pipeline transportation in the country.

Q9: What is communication ? What are the two major means of communication ?

Q10: ‘‘Roadways have an edge over Railways.’’ Support the statement with examples.

Long Questions Answers

Q1: Describe any five points of importance of mass communication. 

Q2: Describe the significance of pipelines in India.

Q3: Mention any two inland waterways of India. Write three characteristic of each.

Q4: Define the term ‘tourism’ known as a trade ? Explain.

Q5: “Efficient means of transport and communication has converted the world into a large village”. Explain this statement with the help of examples.

Q6: “Roadways have an edge over the railways in India.” Support the statement with example.

Q7: Give a detailed study of Mass Communication.

Q8: Why is air travel more popular in the North-Eastern states of India ? Explain.

Q9: On what basis roads are classified in India ?

Q10: Highlight any five features of Hazira- Vijaipur- Jagdishpur gas pipeline. 

The document Life Lines of National Economy Class 10 Worksheet Geography Chapter 1 is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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