Class 10 Exam  >  Class 10 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 10  >  Worksheet: Federalism

Federalism Class 10 Worksheet Civics Chapter 1

MCQ's

Q1: What is the third tier of government known as?
(a) Village Panchayats
(b) State government
(c) Local self-government
(d) Zila Parishad

Q2: What is true regarding sources of revenue in a federal system?
(a) States have no financial powers or independent sources of revenue.
(b) States are dependent on revenue or funds on the central government.
(c) Sources of revenue for each level of government are clearly specified to ensure its financial autonomy.
(d) States have no financial autonomy.

Q3: Which of the following is incorrect regarding a unitary government?
(a) There is either only one level of government or the sub-units are subordinate to the central government.
(b) The central government can pass on orders to the provincial government.
(c) A state government is conservable to central government.
(d) The powers of state governments are guaranteed by the Constitution.

Q4: What are the kinds of routes through which federations have been formed?
(a) One route involves independent states coming together on their own to form a bigger unit
(b) The second route is where a large country decides to divide its powers between the states and the national government
(c) Both a and b
(d) None of these

Q5: Which period saw the rise of regional political parties in many states of the country?
(a) Period after 1990
(b) Period after 2000
(c) Period after 1980
(d) Period after 1970

Q6: Which language is recognized as the national language by the Constitution of India?
(a) Hindi
(b) English
(c) Tamil
(d) None of these

Q7: Which state of India enjoys a special status and has its own Constitution?
(a) Bihar
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Kerala
(d) Jammu and Kashmir

Q8: Which of the following subjects is not included in the Union list?
(a) Defence
(b) Foreign affairs
(c) Police
(d) Banking

Q9: Which of the following is not an example of ‘holding together’ federations?
(a) India
(b) Spain
(c) Belgium
(d) Switzerland

Q10: Which level of government in India has the power to legislate on the ‘residuary’ subjects?
(a) Union government
(b) State government
(c) Local self-government
(d) Both a and b

Fill in the blank
Q1: The first major test of democratic politics in our country was the creation of ...........
Q2: The .......... oversees the implementation of constitutional and procedures.
Q3: Under the .......... system, either there is only one level of government or the sub-units are subordinate to the central government.
Q4: Holding together country decides to divide its power between the .......... and ...........
Q5: .......... in India enjoys a special status. This state has its own constitution.
Q6: .......... list includes subjects of national importance such as the defense of the country, foreign affairs etc.

TRUE/FALSE :

Q1: The second test for the Indian Federation was the language policy
Q2: Decentralisation helps to build effective communication.
Q3: The 1980s was the era of coalition governments.
Q4: Besides Hindi, India has 21 official languages.
Q5: When the power is taken from the local and state governments and given to the central government, it is called decentralization.

Assertion and Reasons:

Direction: Mark the option which is most suitable :
Q1: Assertion : India is a federation.
Reason : Power resides with the central authority.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q2: Assertion : India has a federal system.
Reason : Under a unitary system, either there is only one level of government or the sub-units are subordinate to central government.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q3: Assertion : It is very simple to make the changes in the basic structure of the constitution.
Reason : Both the houses have power to amend the Constitution independently.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q4: Assertion : A major step towards decentralization was taken in 1992 by amending the constitution.
Reason : Constitution was amended to make the third tier of democracy more powerful and effective.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q5: Assertion : Hindi is identified as the only official language of India.
Reason : It helped in creating supremacy of Hindi-speaking people over others.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q6: Assertion : The subjects that are not included in the Union List, State List, and Concurrent List are considered as residuary subjects.
Reason : The subjects included that came after the constitution was made and thus could not be classified.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q7: Assertion : The third tier of government is local government.
Reason : It made democracy weak.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If the assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q8: Assertion : A coalition government is formed during the dearth of coal in the country.
Reason : It helps in overcoming the coal crisis.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q9: Assertion : Belgium and Spain have a ‘holding together’ federation.
Reason : A big country divides power between constituent states and national government.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Q10: Assertion : The Zilla Parishad Chairperson is the political head of the Zilla Parishad.
Reason : The Mayor is the head of municipalities.
(a) If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If the assertion is true but the reason is false.
(d) If both assertion and reason are false.

Very Short Questions
Q1: By which name the rural local government is popularly known?

Q2: Which type of government has two or more levels?

Q3: What is the term used to mention rural local self-governments in India?

Q4: States in India such as Assam and Mizoram enjoy special powers under Article 371 of the Indian Constitution. Why?

Q5: Give examples of Holding together Federations

Q6: Suppose the Government of Maharashtra is forming a special police Battalion for Rural safety. Can the Central government order the state government to withdraw the plan as this involves a lot of money expenditure? Justify your answer.

Q7: What are the dual objectives of the federal system?

Short Questions
Q1: What is the meaning of decentralization? Explain any four provisions that have been made towards decentralization in India after the Constitutional Amendment in 1992. 

Q2: Do you take decentralization as a means to minimize conflicts? Give your viewpoint.

Q3: Define the term federalism.

Q4: 'Independence of the Judiciary is the key to the success of federalism.' Examine the statement.

Q5: “Indian Constitution has a unitary bias.” Support the statement with examples.

Long Questions
Q1: Explain any five features of the Panchayati Raj system in India. 

Q2: “Local governments have made a significant impact on Indian democracy. At the same time, there are many difficulties.” Explain.

Q3: Why has federalism succeeded in India? Which were the policies adopted by India that ensured this success? Explain.

Q4: Explain the process of power sharing among different organs of the government in India.
Or
Describe the three-fold distribution of legislative powers between the Union Government and the State Governments. Who can make laws on the subjects which are not covered under these lists and what name has been given to such subjects?
Or
Describe the division of powers between the Central and the State Governments in India.

Q5: Which provisions of Indian Constitution make India a full-fledged federation?
Or
Mention any five main features which make India a federal country.

The document Federalism Class 10 Worksheet Civics Chapter 1 is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Federalism Class 10 Worksheet Civics Chapter 1

1. What is federalism?
Ans. Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and regional or state governments. It allows for the sharing of power and responsibilities between different levels of government.
2. How does federalism work?
Ans. In a federal system, the central government has certain powers that are outlined in the constitution, while the state or regional governments have their own set of powers. The division of powers is usually specified in a written constitution and can vary from country to country.
3. What are the advantages of federalism?
Ans. Federalism offers several advantages, such as promoting regional autonomy and diversity, preventing concentration of power in a single authority, and allowing for better representation of local interests. It also provides a system of checks and balances between different levels of government.
4. What are the challenges of federalism?
Ans. One of the challenges of federalism is maintaining a balance of power between the central government and regional governments. There can be conflicts over jurisdiction, funding, and policy implementation. Additionally, coordination and cooperation between different levels of government can sometimes be difficult.
5. Can federalism be successful in all countries?
Ans. The success of federalism depends on various factors, including the country's size, diversity, and political culture. While federalism has been successful in some countries like the United States, Canada, and Germany, it may not be suitable for all nations. Each country needs to assess its unique circumstances before adopting a federal system of government.
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