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Class 4 Science HOTS Questions - Living Things

Q1: What is a living thing made of?
(a) Cells
(b) Rocks
(c) Air
(d) Water
Ans:
(a)
Living things are made up of one or more cells.

Q2: Which of the following is NOT a living thing?
(a) Cat
(b) Tree
(c) Chair
(d) Bird
Ans:
(c)
Chairs are non-living objects.

Q3: Which of these is a non-living thing?
(a) Dog
(b) Cloud
(c) Flower
(d) Fish
Ans:
(b)
Clouds are made of water vapor and are not living.

Q4: What do living things need to survive?
(a) Cars
(b) Food, water, and air
(c) Toys
(d) Computers
Ans:
(b)
Living things require food, water, and air to survive.

Q5: Which of these is NOT a characteristic of living things?
(a) Growing
(b) Moving
(c) Breathing
(d) Sleeping
Ans:
(d)
Sleeping is a behavior but not a characteristic of all living things.

Q6: What is the process by which living things make more of their kind called?
(a) Eating
(b) Sleeping
(c) Reproduction
(d) Playing
Ans:
(c)
Reproduction is the process by which living things produce offspring.

Q7: Which of these is a non-living thing that provides us with light?
(a) Sun
(b) Cat
(c) Flower
(d) Book
Ans:
(a)
The sun is a non-living thing that provides us with light and heat.

Q8: What is the process of taking in air called?
(a) Breathing
(b) Running
(c) Eating
(d) Sleeping
Ans:
(a)
Breathing is the process of taking in air, which is essential for living things.

Q9: Which of the following is NOT a living thing?
(a) Fish
(b) Rock
(c) Bird
(d) Tree
Ans:
(b)
Rocks are non-living objects.

Q10: What is the first step in the life cycle of a butterfly?
(a) Flying
(b) Pupation
(c) Egg
(d) Caterpillar
Ans:
(c)
The life cycle of a butterfly starts with an egg.

Q11: What is the study of living things called?
(a) Biology
(b) Geography
(c) History
(d) Physics
Ans:
(a)
Biology is the scientific study of living organisms.

Q12: Which of the following is a living thing?
(a) Mountain
(b) River
(c) Bear
(d) Cloud
Ans:
(c)
Bears are living organisms.

Q13: What do plants need from the sun to make their own food?
(a) Water
(b) Soil
(c) Air
(d) Light
Ans:
(d)
Plants use sunlight to photosynthesize and make their own food.

Q14: What is the name of the gas that living things breathe out?
(a) Oxygen
(b) Carbon dioxide
(c) Nitrogen
(d) Hydrogen
Ans:
(b)
Living things exhale carbon dioxide as a waste product of respiration.

Q15: What do living things do when they grow bigger?
(a) Shrink
(b) Stay the same size
(c) Multiply
(d) Grow
Ans:
(d)
Living things increase in size as they grow.

Q16: What do we call the baby of a frog?
(a) Kitten
(b) Pupa
(c) Tadpole
(d) Calf
Ans:
(c)
The baby of a frog is called a tadpole.

Q17: Which of the following is a non-living thing in our solar system?
(a) Earth
(b) Moon
(c) Sun
(d) Comet
Ans:
(c)
The sun is a non-living star in our solar system.

Q18: What do plants release into the air during photosynthesis?
(a) Oxygen
(b) Carbon dioxide
(c) Nitrogen
(d) Hydrogen
Ans:
(a)
During photosynthesis, plants release oxygen into the air.

Q19: Which of the following is a non-living thing that provides shelter for some animals?
(a) Tree
(b) River
(c) Cave
(d) Cloud
Ans:
(c)
Caves are non-living structures that can provide shelter to animals.

Q20: What do we call the process by which plants make their own food using sunlight?
(a) Respiration
(b) Reproduction
(c) Photosynthesis
(d) Digestion
Ans:
(c)
Photosynthesis is the process by which plants make their own food using sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide.

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