Class 5 Exam  >  Class 5 Notes  >  Science Class 5  >  Worksheet Solutions: Food, Nutrition, Health & Diseases - 2

Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q1: Fill in the blanks.

(i) The word "disease" stands for ________.
Ans:
'Dis-ease' meaning "not at ease" or "uncomfortable."
The word "disease" is derived from 'Dis-ease,' which means "not at ease" or "uncomfortable," referring to the discomfort or imbalance in the body during an illness.

(ii) Diseases that do not pass from one person to another are called _________ diseases.
Ans:
Non-communicable diseases.
Non-communicable diseases do not spread from one person to another, unlike communicable diseases that can be transmitted from an infected individual to a healthy person.

(iii) Germs that cause communicable diseases are also known as _______.
Ans:
Pathogens or infectious agents.
Pathogens are disease-causing germs responsible for causing communicable diseases. They include viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

(iv) Diseases like chickenpox and measles spread through ________ contact.
Ans: 
Direct.
Diseases like chickenpox and measles spread through direct contact with an infected person.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(v) Hygiene may be defined as practices that ensure cleanliness and _______.
Ans: 
Good health.
Hygiene practices are essential for maintaining cleanliness and good health, thus preventing the spread of communicable diseases.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q2: Match the column.

Match the communicable diseases with their respective disease-causing germs (pathogens).

Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Ans:Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

  • Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria.
  • Influenza is caused by a virus.
  • Malaria is caused by protozoa.
  • Ringworm is caused by fungi.
  • Tetanus is caused by worm.

Q3: True or False.

(i) Non-communicable diseases can be passed from one person to another. (True/False)
Ans:
False.

(ii) Germs that cause communicable diseases cannot be seen through a microscope. (True/False)
Ans:
False.

(iii) Hygiene practices are essential to prevent communicable diseases. (True/False)
Ans: 
True.

(iv) Vaccination helps our body acquire immunity against certain diseases. (True/False)
Ans: 
True.

(v) Houseflies and cockroaches can carry disease-causing germs on their bodies. (True/False)
Ans:
True.

Q4: Choose the odd one out.

(i) Measles, Mumps, Tetanus, Chickenpox
Ans: Tetanus (It is not a communicable disease).

(ii) Virus, Bacteria, Protozoa, Snake
Ans:
Snake (It is not a microorganism).

(iii) Influenza, Tuberculosis, Cholera, Malaria
Ans: 
Malaria (It is caused by a protozoa, while the others are caused by bacteria or viruses).

(iv) Hygiene, Vaccination, Medication, Quarantine
Ans: 
Medication (It is a treatment method, not a preventive measure).

(v) Direct Mode, Indirect Mode, Vectors, Non-communicable
Ans:
Non-communicable (It refers to a different category of diseases).

Q5: Arrange in the correct order.

Arrange the following steps in the correct order to prevent communicable diseases.
A.
Use a mosquito net or mosquito repellent at night.
B. Wash your hands before and after eating food and after going to the toilet with soap and water.
C. Wash fruits and vegetables well before cooking or eating them.
D. Drink clean water.
E. Do not allow heaps of garbage to collect near your home. Dustbins should be kept covered.
Ans:
B.
Wash your hands before and after eating food and after going to the toilet with soap and water.
C. Wash fruits and vegetables well before cooking or eating them.
E. Do not allow heaps of garbage to collect near your home. Dustbins should be kept covered.
D. Drink clean water.
A. Use a mosquito net or mosquito repellent at night.

Q6: Define the following words.

(i) Non-communicable diseases
Ans: Non-communicable diseases are health conditions that do not spread from one person to another. These diseases are not caused by pathogens but may result from factors like genetic predisposition, lifestyle choices, or deficiencies in essential nutrients.

(ii) Hygiene
Ans: 
Hygiene refers to a set of practices that ensure cleanliness and good health. It includes habits like washing hands regularly, maintaining personal cleanliness, keeping living spaces clean, and practicing proper food handling and preparation techniques.

(iii) Vaccination
Ans: 
Vaccination is a preventive measure in which a person is administered a vaccine containing weakened or killed pathogens or their parts. The purpose of vaccination is to stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies and develop immunity against specific diseases, thus protecting the individual from future infections.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(iv) Communicable diseases
Ans: 
Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases, are health conditions that can be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy individual through direct or indirect contact. These diseases are caused by various pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

(v) Pathogens
Ans:
Pathogens are disease-causing microorganisms or germs that can infect a host organism and cause illness or disease. Common pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths.

The document Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science is a part of the Class 5 Course Science Class 5.
All you need of Class 5 at this link: Class 5
44 videos|204 docs|45 tests

Up next

FAQs on Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

1. What are the benefits of a balanced diet?
Ans. A balanced diet provides a variety of nutrients that are essential for maintaining good health. It helps in proper growth and development, boosts the immune system, provides energy for daily activities, helps maintain a healthy weight, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases.
2. How can I improve my eating habits?
Ans. To improve eating habits, it is important to include a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats in your meals. Limit the intake of processed and sugary foods. Practice portion control and mindful eating. Drink plenty of water and limit the consumption of sugary beverages. It is also advisable to consult a nutritionist for personalized dietary guidance.
3. What are the common signs of malnutrition?
Ans. Common signs of malnutrition include weight loss, fatigue, weakened immune system, slow wound healing, muscle weakness, hair loss, and brittle nails. Other symptoms may include poor concentration, irritability, and frequent infections. It is important to seek medical attention if any of these signs are present.
4. Can certain foods help prevent diseases?
Ans. Yes, certain foods can help prevent diseases. For example, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. Foods high in fiber can lower the risk of developing diabetes and improve digestive health. Consuming foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids can contribute to a healthy heart and brain. However, it is important to note that a balanced diet and overall healthy lifestyle are essential for disease prevention.
5. How can I maintain a healthy weight?
Ans. To maintain a healthy weight, it is important to balance calorie intake with physical activity. Focus on eating nutrient-dense foods that are low in calories, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Avoid or limit the intake of high-calorie and sugary foods. Engage in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or cycling, for at least 150 minutes per week. It is also helpful to practice portion control and listen to your body's hunger and fullness cues.
44 videos|204 docs|45 tests
Download as PDF

Up next

Explore Courses for Class 5 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Related Searches

Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

,

Nutrition

,

Nutrition

,

mock tests for examination

,

MCQs

,

Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

,

practice quizzes

,

Extra Questions

,

Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

,

pdf

,

Free

,

Objective type Questions

,

Food

,

past year papers

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Semester Notes

,

Summary

,

video lectures

,

ppt

,

Exam

,

Food

,

study material

,

Food

,

Sample Paper

,

Viva Questions

,

Nutrition

,

Important questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

;