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Class 4 Science Question Answers - Animal Life

Q1: What is a habitat, and why is it important for animals? Explain with an example.
Ans: A habitat is the place where an animal lives, finds food, and reproduces. It is important for animals because it provides them with essential resources like food, water, and shelter. For example, elephants live in tropical conditions. Their habitat provides them with the necessary food, water, and shelter to survive in the hot environment.


Q2: List and describe three types of animals based on their habitat.
Ans:

  • Terrestrial Animals: These animals live on land and have adaptations like big ears to stay cool, as seen in elephants.
  • Aquatic Animals: They live in water and have features like gills for breathing underwater, as seen in fish.
  • Amphibians: These animals live both on land and in water and don't have scales. Frogs are an example.


Q3: How do body coverings of animals help them adapt to their habitats? Provide examples.
Ans: Body coverings of animals help them adapt to their habitats by providing protection, warmth, and camouflage. For instance, feathers in birds help them stay warm and fly, while scales in fish protect them from water. Polar bears have thick fur to stay warm in the extreme cold.


Q4: Explain the eating habits of herbivores and provide examples of herbivorous animals.
Ans: Herbivores are animals that eat plants like grass, shrubs, and leaves. Examples of herbivores include zebras, giraffes, cows, goats, and deer. They have sharp front teeth to cut plants and broad back teeth to chew them.


Q5: What are carnivores, and how are they adapted for their diet? Give examples.
Ans: Carnivores are animals that eat the flesh of other animals. Examples include tigers, lions, and eagles. They have sharp and pointed front teeth for tearing flesh.


Q6: Explain how different animals breathe and give examples for each type of breathing method.
Ans: Different animals have different ways of breathing. Birds, reptiles, and mammals breathe through their lungs (e.g., humans). Insects have small holes called spiracles (e.g., butterflies). Fish and some aquatic animals breathe through gills (e.g., fish). Earthworms and frogs breathe through their skin (e.g., frogs).


Q7: What is camouflage, and why is it important for animals? Provide an example of an animal that uses camouflage.
Ans: Camouflage is when animals have patterns, colors, or textures that help them blend in with their surroundings. This makes them less visible to predators or prey. An example is the zebra, whose striped body helps it blend with the background in the grasslands, making it hard to spot by predators.


Q8: Explain how elephants are adapted to their terrestrial habitat.
Ans: Elephants are adapted to their terrestrial habitat by having big ears to stay cool in hot environments. Their large size helps them produce heat, and their ears help them keep cool. Additionally, their big ears allow them to hear over long distances and communicate with other elephants.


Q9: Describe the breathing methods of whales and dolphins.
Ans: Whales and dolphins live in water but have lungs to breathe air. They cannot breathe underwater and have to come to the water's surface to breathe. They have blowholes on their heads through which they exhale and inhale air.


Q10: Give an example of an animal with a hard outer covering and explain how it benefits the animal.
Ans: One example of an animal with a hard outer covering is the armadillo. Armadillos have hard, armor-like plates that provide protection from enemies. These plates act as a shield, helping them stay safe from predators.

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