Class 5 Exam  >  Class 5 Notes  >  Science Class 5  >  Short Answer Questions: Solids, Liquids and Gases

Class 5 Science Question Answers - Solids, Liquids and Gases

Q1: What is matter, and what are its three states?
Ans: Matter is anything that occupies space and has mass. Matter exists in three states: solids, liquids, and gases.


Q2: What are molecules, and how are they related to matter?
Ans: Molecules are tiny particles that make up matter. They are the building blocks of matter and have all the properties of the substance they belong to.


Q3: Can we see molecules with our naked eyes? Why or why not?
Ans: No, we cannot see molecules with our naked eyes because they are extremely tiny.


Q4: Explain the difference between atoms and molecules.
Ans: Atoms are the smallest units of matter and cannot be divided further. Molecules are made up of atoms and have the properties of the substances they belong to.


Q5: How do atoms of the same kind combine to form elements?
Ans: Atoms of the same kind combine to form elements, which are the simplest substances in nature.


Q6: Provide an example of a compound and explain how it is formed.
Ans: Water is a compound made of two elements: hydrogen and oxygen. These elements combine chemically to form water molecules.


Q7: Describe the arrangement of molecules in solids, liquids, and gases.
Ans: In solids, molecules are tightly packed and have a strong force of attraction. In liquids, molecules are less closely packed with some intermolecular space. In gases, molecules are far apart and have large intermolecular spaces.


Q8: What is a solution, and how is it formed?
Ans: A solution is a mixture formed when a solute dissolves in a solvent. It is formed when molecules of the solute occupy the space between the molecules of the solvent.


Q9: Explain the factors that can affect the solubility of substances.
Ans: The solubility of substances can be affected by factors like stirring a solution and temperature. Some substances dissolve quickly when stirred, and more sugar can dissolve in hot water than in cold water.


Q10: What are physical changes and chemical changes? Provide examples of each.
Ans: Physical changes are temporary changes that can be reversed. No new substances are formed. Examples include boiling, melting, freezing, and shredding. Chemical changes are permanent changes that cannot be reversed. New substances are formed. Examples include burning, cooking, rusting, and rotting.

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