Important Formulas: Profit & Loss

# Important Formulas: Profit &amp; Loss | SSC CGL Tier 2 - Study Material, Online Tests, Previous Year PDF Download

 Table of contents Profit and Loss Concepts Profit and Loss Examples Profit and Loss Formula Profit and Loss Formula Marked Price Profit and Loss Formula with Example

## Profit and Loss Concepts

Let us check out some of the most important concepts of profit and loss.

Profit (P)
The amount gained by selling a product with more than its cost price.

Loss (L)
The amount that you lose after selling a product with less than its cost price.

Cost Price (CP)
The amount paid for a product or commodity to purchase it is called a cost price. It can be divided into two parts:

• Fixed Cost
• Variable Cost

Selling Price(SP)
The amount for which the product is sold is called the Selling Price.

Marked Price Formula (MPF)

• Discount=Marked price- selling price
• Discount percentage=(Discount/Marked price)*100

## Profit and Loss Examples

• If you buy a bag for Rs 50 and sell it for Rs 80, the profit is Rs 30.
• If you buy a bag for Rs 50 and sell it for Rs 30, the loss is Rs 20.
• If you buy a bag for Rs 100 and sell it for Rs 120, the profit is Rs 20%.

## Profit and Loss Formula

Let us look at some important profit and loss formulas to get a better hold of the concept:

Gain = SP- CP

Loss = CP- SP
Gain% = (Gain/ CP)x 100
Loss% = (Loss/ CP)x 100
SP = [(100+ Gain%)/ 100]x CP
SP = [(100- Loss%)/ 100]x CP
CP = [100/ (100+ Gain%)]x SP
CP = [100/ (100- Loss%)]x SP

## Profit and Loss Formula Marked Price

Marked Price is an additional price that is put up by the shopkeepers upon the selling price to offer a certain discount.
Discount = Marked Price – Selling Price

Discount Percentage = (Discount/Marked price) x 100

## Profit and Loss Formula with Example

Now that you are clear with profit and loss formulas, below mentioned are some solved examples that will help you understand the usage of the above-mentioned and related formulas.

Example 1: Sunita bought 10 shirts for Rs.40 and sold 8 of them at Rs. 35. Calculator gain or loss %.
Sol:

• CP of 10 toys= Rs. 40
• CP of 1 toy= Rs. 4
• SP of 8 toys= Rs. 35
• SP of 1 toy= Rs. 35/8
• Therefore, Gain =35/8 – 4 = ⅜
• Gain percent= (3/8)/4 x 100= 9.375%

Example 2: A merchant sells his goods using weights 15% less than true weights and makes a profit of 20%. Find his total gain %.
Sol:
Let us consider 1 kg of goods bag. Its actual weight is 85% of 1000gm= 850gm
Let the cost price of each gram be Re. 1. Then the CP of each good bag= Rs. 850
SP of 1 kg bag= 120% of the true CP
Therefore, SP 120/100 x 1000 = Rs. 1200
Gain = 1200- 850= 350
Gain %= 350/850 x 100= 41.17 %

Example 3: Riya sold a pen at a 12% profit. On selling it for Rs 18 more she would get a profit of 18%. What is the CP of the pen?
Sol:

SP = CP [1 + (Gain % x 100)]
Firstly
SP= CP (1 + 0.12) = 1.12 CP
Secondly
SP= CP (1 + 0.18)= 1.18 CP
So the difference between first and second cases is Rs. 18 (given)
Therefore,
1.18 CP  – 1.12 CP = 18
0.06 CP = 18
CP = 18/0.06
CP= 300
The cost price of pen is Rs. 300

The document Important Formulas: Profit &amp; Loss | SSC CGL Tier 2 - Study Material, Online Tests, Previous Year is a part of the SSC CGL Course SSC CGL Tier 2 - Study Material, Online Tests, Previous Year.
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## SSC CGL Tier 2 - Study Material, Online Tests, Previous Year

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## SSC CGL Tier 2 - Study Material, Online Tests, Previous Year

1366 videos|1312 docs|1010 tests

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