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Overview: Assertion & Reason | Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT PDF Download

Verbal Reasoning is a very important for competitive exams and regularly features in entrance exams. In verbal reasoning, the basic intelligence and aptitude of the candidate are tested. Intelligence has been defined as “innate ability” to solve problems. Innate ability is which is present in a person from birth.
Verbal reasoning is a collection of problems, which are required to be solved within the specific time limit.

There are various different types of Verbal Reasoning

  • Assumptions
  • Strong and Weak Arguments
  • Cause and Effect
  • Assertion and Reason
  • Course of Action
  • Conclusions / Inference

In this article we will be discussing assertion and reason.

Assertion: A simple statement
Reason: Reason is the explanation for the assertion.
In assertion / reason question the options given are:
Study the two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R).
(a) Both, A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both, A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) If A is true but R is false
(d) If A is false but R is true

How to solve assertion and reason based questions

Example 1:
Assertion (A): Seeds should be treated with fungicide solution.
Reason(R): Seeds do not germinate, unless treated with fungicide solution.
(a) Both, A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both, A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) If A is true but R is false
(d) If A is false but R is true
Ans: (c)
First we will check if the assertion is true or not.
In this case the assertion is true.
Now we will check if reason is true or false.
In this case the reason is false, as Seeds are treated with fungicide before sowing to avoid seed borne disease. But, it is not a true fact that unless seeds are treated with fungicide solution, they cannot germinate. Hence, option(c) is true.

Example 2:
Assertion (A): Appendix is a vestigial organ in the human body.
Reason(R): It does not participate in digestion.
(a) Both, A and R, are true and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both, A and R, are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) If A is true but R is false
(d) If A is false but R is true
Ans: (a)
Again we will follow the above given steps.
Check if assertion is true, and then check if reason is true.
Thus it is clear that; appendix is a vestigial organ in the human body and does not participate in digestion. Hence assertion and reason are correct and given reason fully explains given assertion. Hence, option (a) is our answer.

The document Overview: Assertion & Reason | Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI).
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FAQs on Overview: Assertion & Reason - Logical Reasoning (LR) and Data Interpretation (DI) - CAT

1. What is the Assertion & Reason CAT?
Ans. The Assertion & Reason CAT is an exam that assesses a candidate's ability to evaluate statements and provide logical reasoning to support or refute those statements.
2. How is the Assertion & Reason CAT structured?
Ans. The Assertion & Reason CAT typically consists of multiple-choice questions, where a statement (assertion) is provided, and the candidate needs to choose the correct reasoning (reason) that supports or contradicts that assertion.
3. What skills are tested in the Assertion & Reason CAT?
Ans. The Assertion & Reason CAT primarily tests a candidate's critical thinking, logical reasoning, and analytical skills. It evaluates their ability to analyze statements, identify logical relationships, and provide appropriate reasoning.
4. How can I prepare for the Assertion & Reason CAT?
Ans. To prepare for the Assertion & Reason CAT, it is essential to practice analyzing statements and identifying logical relationships. Solving previous years' question papers and taking mock tests can help familiarize yourself with the exam format and improve your skills.
5. What are some tips to excel in the Assertion & Reason CAT?
Ans. To excel in the Assertion & Reason CAT, it is crucial to carefully read and understand both the assertion and reason before selecting the correct reasoning. Pay attention to keywords and logical connectives within the statements. Practice time management to ensure you can answer all the questions within the given time limit.
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