Important Formulas: Square Roots and Cube Roots

# Important Formulas: Square Roots and Cube Roots | Quantitative Aptitude for SSC CGL PDF Download

## Square Root

If x2 = y, we say that the square root of y is x and we write √y = x.
Thus, √4 = 2, √9 = 3, √196 = 14.

## Cube Root

The cube root of a given number x is the number whose cube is x.
We, denote the cube root of x by x.
Thus, 8 = 2 x 2 x 2 = 2, 343 = 7 x 7 x 7 = 7 etc.

Note:

1. √xy = √x x √y

### Examples

Example 1: (√625 x 14 x 11  is equal to: 11 √25 √196
(a) 5
(b) 6
(c) 8
(d) 11
Ans:
(a)
Given Expression

Example 2: How many two-digit numbers satisfy this property. The last digit (unit's digit) of the square of the two-digit number is 8?
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) None of these

Ans: (d)
A number ending in 8 can never be a perfect square.

Example 3:
(a) 10
(b) 100
(c) 1000
(d) None of these
Ans:
(b)

Then, 0.0169x = (1.3)2 = 1.69
⇒ x = 1.69/0.0169 = 100

Example 4: If √5 = 2.236;
Then the value of is equal to:
(a) 5.59
(b) 7.826
(c) 8.944
(d) 10.062

Ans: (b)

Example 5: The square root of (7 + 3√5) (7 - 3√5) is
(a) 2
(b) 4
(c) √5
(d) 3√5
Ans:
(a)

Example 6: What should come in place of both x in the equation:

(a) 12
(b) 14
(c) 144
(d) 196

Ans: (a)

= 8 x 6 x 3
= 144.
∴ x = √144 = 12.

Example 7: The cube root of .000216 is:
(a) .6
(b) .06
(c) 77
(d) 87
Ans:
(b)

= 6/102
= 6/100
= 0.06

Example 8: The least perfect square, which is divisible by each of 21, 36 and 66 is:
(a) 213444
(b) 214344
(c) 214434
(d) 231444
Ans:
(a)
L.C.M. of 21, 36, 66 = 2772.
Now, 2772 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 7 x 11
To make it a perfect square, it must be multiplied by 7 x 11.
So, required number = 22 x 3x 72 x 112 = 213444.

Example 9: If a = 0.1039, then the value of  is:
(a) 0.1039
(b) 0.2078
(c) 1.1039
(d) 2.1039
Ans:
(c)

= (1 - 2a) + 3a
= (1 + a)
= (1 + 0.1039)
= 1.1039

Example 10: A group of students decided to collect as many paise from each member of group as is the number of members. If the total collection amounts to ₹ 59.29, the number of the member is the group is:
(a) 57
(b) 67
(c) 77
(d) 87
Ans:
(c)
Money collected = (59.29 x 100) paise = 5929 paise.
Number of members = √5929 = 77.

The document Important Formulas: Square Roots and Cube Roots | Quantitative Aptitude for SSC CGL is a part of the SSC CGL Course Quantitative Aptitude for SSC CGL.
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## FAQs on Important Formulas: Square Roots and Cube Roots - Quantitative Aptitude for SSC CGL

 1. What is a square root?
Ans. A square root is a mathematical operation that calculates the value which, when multiplied by itself, gives the original number. For example, the square root of 9 is 3 because 3 multiplied by 3 equals 9.
 2. What is a cube root?
Ans. A cube root is a mathematical operation that calculates the value which, when multiplied by itself twice, gives the original number. For example, the cube root of 8 is 2 because 2 multiplied by 2 multiplied by 2 equals 8.
 3. How can I find the square root of a number?
Ans. To find the square root of a number, you can use the square root symbol (√) or a calculator. If you want to calculate it manually, you can use methods like the long division method or the prime factorization method.
 4. How can I find the cube root of a number?
Ans. To find the cube root of a number, you can use the cube root symbol (∛) or a calculator. If you want to calculate it manually, you can use methods like the estimation method or the prime factorization method.
 5. What are some real-life applications of square roots and cube roots?
Ans. Square roots and cube roots have various applications in real-life scenarios. Some examples include calculating distances in geometry, determining the size of objects, calculating volumes of containers, analyzing growth rates in finance, and estimating probabilities in statistics.

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