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Short Answer Questions: Natural Calamities | Science Class 5 PDF Download

Q1: What is a natural disaster?
Ans:
A natural disaster is an unexpected event that causes harm to people and the environment.

Q2: Give examples of natural disasters.
Ans:
Examples of natural disasters include earthquakes, floods, cyclones, tsunamis, landslides, volcanic eruptions, and droughts.

Q3: How can natural disasters affect a community?
Ans:
Natural disasters can cause severe disturbances to a community, surpassing its ability to cope, leading to harm to people and the environment.

Q4: What are some man-made causes of natural disasters?
Ans:
Man-made causes include human intent, neglect, or errors, such as crimes, terrorism, war, biological/chemical threats, and cyber-attacks.

Q5: Give an example of a man-made disaster.
Ans:
An example of a man-made disaster is terrorism, where intentional human actions cause harm.

Q6: What are the short-term consequences of natural disasters?
Ans:
Short-term consequences include loss of life, property destruction, and personal injury or disease.

Q7: How can natural disasters impact a country's economic development?
Ans:
Natural disasters can damage infrastructure and energy production, negatively affecting a country's economic stability and development.

Q8: Name one way in which humans can contribute to landslides.
Ans:
Deforestation, mining, and agricultural activities can contribute to landslides.

Q9: What are the four broad types of natural disasters mentioned in the article?
Ans:
The four broad types are earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes (changes in the Earth's interiors), and floods, cyclones, droughts (changes on the surface of the Earth).

Q10: Why is it important to take preventive measures against natural disasters?
Ans:
Preventive measures are crucial to lessen the impact of natural disasters on the environment and human lives.

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FAQs on Short Answer Questions: Natural Calamities - Science Class 5

1. What are natural calamities?
Ans. Natural calamities are catastrophic events that are caused by natural forces, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, droughts, and tsunamis. These events can cause significant damage to lives, property, and the environment.
2. How can natural calamities be classified?
Ans. Natural calamities can be classified into various types based on the forces that cause them. Some common classifications include geological calamities (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions), meteorological calamities (hurricanes, tornadoes), hydrological calamities (floods, tsunamis), and climatological calamities (droughts, heatwaves).
3. What are the impacts of natural calamities on human lives?
Ans. Natural calamities can have devastating impacts on human lives. They can cause injuries, loss of lives, displacement of people, and destruction of homes and infrastructure. These calamities also disrupt essential services like electricity, water supply, and transportation, leading to further hardships for affected communities.
4. How can we prepare for natural calamities?
Ans. It is crucial to have a preparedness plan in place to mitigate the impact of natural calamities. This includes creating an emergency kit with essential supplies, developing an evacuation plan, staying informed through reliable sources, and participating in community disaster preparedness programs. Regular drills and exercises can also help in familiarizing individuals with emergency procedures.
5. What role can individuals play in responding to natural calamities?
Ans. Individuals can play a crucial role in responding to natural calamities by following instructions from local authorities, helping their neighbors in need, and reporting emergencies promptly. It is essential to stay calm, avoid spreading rumors, and cooperate with emergency responders. Additionally, individuals can contribute to relief efforts by donating to reputable organizations and volunteering their time and resources.
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