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Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1 PDF Download

What are Shapes? 

Shapes are the outlines or boundaries of objects. Every object that we see around us has some sort of shape; They are made by combining curves, points, and lines. We see shapes all around us, like circles, squares, rectangles, and triangles: like the rotis we eat are round, the geometry box we use is a rectangle, the box of your pizza is a square, etc.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1Different Types of Shapes:

Shapes are classified into two main types:

  1. Open Shapes: These shapes are made of line segments or curves that don't connect or form a closed loop, like the letter 'C'.

  2. Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1Closed Shapes: These shapes are continuous and form a closed loop, like the letter 'D'.Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1Examples:

  • Open shape: 'C'
  • Closed shapes: 'D', 'O', 'B'

Circle: 

  • A circle is a perfectly round shape with no corners or edges.
  • Think of it like a pizza base or a steering wheel.
  • Its boundary is equidistant from its center point, making it symmetrical in all directions.
    Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Oval:

  • An oval is like a stretched-out circle, elongated in one direction.
  • It resembles the shape of the number '0'.
  • While it maintains a curved outline like a circle, it's not perfectly symmetrical.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Question for Chapter notes: Shapes
Try yourself:
What is the main difference between open shapes and closed shapes?
View Solution

Square:

  • A square is a four-sided polygon with all sides equal in length and all angles at 90 degrees.
  • It has four corners where the sides meet.
  • Picture a chessboard or a carrom board, both of which are divided into equal squares.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Triangle:

  • A triangle is a polygon with three sides and three angles.
  • Each side connects to the other two at their endpoints.
  • Visualize a slice of pizza or a nacho chip, both of which often have triangular shapes.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Rectangle:

  • A rectangle is a quadrilateral with four sides and four angles, where opposite sides are equal in length.
  • It has four right angles (90 degrees each).
  • Think of a laptop screen or a phone screen, which are rectangular in shape.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Counting Shapes: 

We can count shapes by adding up smaller shapes. For example, to count triangles, we add the numbers on their bases.

You might come across various questions, where you are asked to find the number of triangles, squares or rectangles, etc. in a given figure, So, how would we deal with them? Let's find out:

Example: Harsh wants to count the number of triangles present in the figure below?

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Step 1: Recognizing Shapes 

Harsh examines the image, focusing solely on the shapes present. In this particular image, he notices that only triangles are visible. Triangles, with their three sides, are distinctive geometric figures.

Step 2: Assigning Numbers 

Harsh then proceeds to mark each triangle's base with a corresponding number. This step helps him keep track of the individual triangles and their bases.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Step 3: Totaling Triangles 

With the bases marked, Harsh moves on to the final step: counting. By adding up the numbers assigned to the bases of the triangles, he calculates the total number of triangles present in the image.
Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

The Final Tally 

After careful calculation, Harsh arrives at a total count of 3 triangles. These triangles, although varying in size and orientation, collectively contribute to the geometric composition of the image.

  • So, the total number of triangles present in the image is 3.

Let's see another Example

Question for Chapter notes: Shapes
Try yourself:
How many sides does a rectangle have?
View Solution

Example: Count the number of triangles present in the given image?

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Ans: Here, we want to count the total number of triangles present in the image. So, we will use the concept of counting shapes to find how many triangles are present:
  • Step1: Identify the different shapes present in the image. Here, in the above image, only triangles are present.

  • Step2: Add the numbers to the base of the small triangles.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Base Triangle

  • Step3: To calculate the total number of triangles, add base numbers.
    = 4+3+2+1=10

Addition of base numbers of triangles
  • Total number of triangles = 10

  • So, the total number of triangles present in the image is 10.

Example: Riya wants to count the number of triangles present in the given image?

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Ans: Here, Riya wants to count the total number of triangles present in the image. So, Riya will use the concept of counting shapes to find how many triangles are present:
  • Step1: Identify the different shapes present in the image. Here, in the above image, only triangles are present.

  • Step2: Add the numbers to the base of the small triangles. Here, we have 2 small triangles in the first layer and 2 small triangles in the second layer.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1
  • Step3: To calculate the total number of triangles, add base numbers present on each layer.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Addition of base triangle

  • Number of triangles in the first layer  = 3

  • Number of triangles in the second layer = 3

  • Total number of triangles in both layers = 3+3 = 6

  • So, the total number of triangles present in the image is 6.

A similar strategy can be used to find out other shapes in a given figure as well. Why not try one out yourself:

Find the number of rectangles in the given figure.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Hint: 

4 thin rectangles + 6 thick rectangles + 5 rectangles (made of 2 thick rectangles) + 2 rectangles (made of 3 thick rectangles) + 1 rectangle (made of 4 thick rectangles) = 18 rectangles.

Edges and Corners: 

Edges are the lines that outline a shape, like the sides of a square. Corners or Vertex are where these edges meet, like the corners of a rectangle.

Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1

Question for Chapter notes: Shapes
Try yourself:
What is the shape of a perfectly round pizza base or a steering wheel?
View Solution

Patterns: 

We can create different designs by arranging shapes in patterns. This could be weaving patterns, tiling patterns, or floor patterns.

  • Patterns of Shapes
    Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1
  • Patterns of Sizes
    Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1
The document Chapter notes: Shapes | Mental Maths - Class 1 is a part of the Class 1 Course Mental Maths.
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FAQs on Chapter notes: Shapes - Mental Maths - Class 1

1. What is the definition of a shape?
Ans. A shape is a two-dimensional figure that has specific boundaries, such as lines or curves, and occupies an area.
2. How many types of shapes are mentioned in the article?
Ans. The article mentions five types of shapes: circle, oval, square, triangle, and rectangle.
3. What is the difference between edges and corners in shapes?
Ans. Edges are the straight or curved lines that form the boundaries of a shape, while corners are the points where two or more edges meet.
4. How can shapes be used for counting?
Ans. Shapes can be used for counting by representing each count with a specific shape, such as using circles to represent numbers or objects.
5. How can patterns be related to shapes?
Ans. Patterns can be created using shapes by arranging them in a repetitive or sequential manner, such as creating a pattern using different sizes of squares or triangles.
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