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Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1 PDF Download

How do we define Time?

Time is like a magical ruler that helps us measure and understand the flow of events. It's like a special tool that tells us when things happen, how long they go on, and in what order they happen. Imagine it as a secret code that helps us keep track of all the exciting things that occur around us, like when the sun rises in the morning, when we play with our friends, or when we go to sleep at night. So, time is not just a clock ticking away but a fascinating way to make sense of the world around us!

Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

What is a Clock?

A clock is used to measure time. A clock has two hands— the short hand called the hour hand and the long hand called the minute hand.

  • An hour (h) and minute (min) are the standard units for the measurement of time.
  • The hour hand shows the hour and the minute hand shows the minutes before and after the hour.
  • The minute hand goes around the clock once in 1 hour. The hour hand goes around the clock once in 12 hours.
    Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1
  • When the minute hand moves all the way round the clock, i.e., from 12 to 12, an hour passes.

60 minutes = 1 hour  
1 day = 24 hours

Question for Chapter notes: Time Travellers
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What is the purpose of a clock?
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Telling Time to the Half Hour

In the clock shown alongside, the hour hand is between 9 and 10 and the minute hand points to 6. The coloured part shows that the long hand or minute hand has moved half way round.
Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1When the minute hand moves half way round the face of the clock, half an hour has passed and we say that it is half past nine.∴ Half past nine can also be written as 9:30.

60 minutes = 1 hour
30 minutes = One-half of an hour

Observe the following clocks
Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

Telling Time to the Nearest Five Minutes

  • When the hour hand (short hand) moves from one digit to the other, 1 hour passes.
  • When the minute hand (long hand) moves from one digit to the other, 5 minutes pass.
    Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1
  • Count the minutes all around the clock by 5s, starting at 12.
    Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1The numbers outside the clock show the count.
  • So, we skip count by 5s to find the time to the nearest five minutes. There are many ways of reading and telling the time.
    Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

When the minute hand has moved past 6, we say the time in the following two ways:

1. First Way : The hour hand is between 4 and 5, so  the time is after 4 o’ clock. The minute hand is at 7. Starting at 12 and counting ahead by 5s to 7, we get 35 minutes. 

Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

Thirty-five minutes past 4 or 4:35


So, we say that the clock shows the time 35 minutes after 4 or 35 minutes past 4.

2. Second Way: The hour hand is between 4 and 5, so the time is before 5 o’ clock. The minute hand is at 7. Starting at 12 and counting back by 5s to 7, we get 25 minutes. We write 25 minutes to 5 to tell the time because there are 25 minutes left to 5 o’ clock.

Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

Twenty-five minutes to 5

Question for Chapter notes: Time Travellers
Try yourself:At what time does the clock shown indicate?

Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

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Examples:
Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

Telling Time to the Quarter Hour

Let us read time on the clocks given below:
Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1The minute hand has moved one quarter (one-fourth) of the circle in moving from 12 to 3.So, 1 / 4 of an hour = 15 minutes.

  • The time shown on the clock is 12:15 or Fifteen minutes past twelve, which we generally read as quarter past twelve.
    Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1
  • Both the clocks A and B given show the same time which can be read in clock A as: 8:45 or Forty-five minutes past 8.
  • In clock B, the same time can be read as: Fifteen minutes to nine or Quarter to nine.

Examples:
Chapter notes: Time Travellers | Mental Maths - Class 1

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FAQs on Chapter notes: Time Travellers - Mental Maths - Class 1

1. How do we define time?
Ans. Time can be defined as a measure of the duration between events or the progression of events in a chronological order. It is a fundamental concept used to organize and coordinate activities in our daily lives.
2. What is a clock?
Ans. A clock is a device used to measure and display time. It typically consists of an hour hand, a minute hand, and sometimes a second hand, which rotate around a dial or digital display indicating the current time.
3. How do we tell time to the half hour?
Ans. Telling time to the half hour means expressing the time when the minute hand points at the 6 on the clock. For example, if the minute hand is pointing exactly at the 6, it indicates half-past the hour. If the hour hand is pointing at the 4, it means it is 4:30.
4. How do we tell time to the nearest five minutes?
Ans. Telling time to the nearest five minutes involves identifying the minute hand's position in relation to the clock's divisions. Each division represents five minutes. For example, if the minute hand is pointing at the 2, it indicates approximately 10 minutes past the hour.
5. How do we tell time to the quarter hour?
Ans. Telling time to the quarter hour means expressing the time when the minute hand points at the 3, 6, 9, or 12 on the clock. For example, if the minute hand is pointing exactly at the 3, it indicates a quarter past the hour. If the hour hand is pointing at the 7, it means it is a quarter to the next hour.
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