NCERT Solutions: Measurement of Length and Motion

# Measurement of Length and Motion NCERT Solutions | Science Class 6 PDF Download

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Q1: Some lengths are given in Column I of Table 5.5. Some units are given in Column II. Match the lengths with the units suitable for measuring those lengths.Table 5.5

Ans:

Q2: Read the following statements and mark True (T) or False (F) against each.
(i) The motion of a car moving on a straight road is an example of linear motion.
Ans:
True

(ii) Any object which is changing its position with respect to a reference point with time is said to be in motion.
Ans:
True

(iii) 1 km = 100 cm
Ans:
False

Q3: Which of the following is not a standard unit of measuring length?
(i) millimetre
(ii) centimetre
(iii) kilometre
(iv) handspan
Ans: (iv) handspan

Q4: Search for the different scales or measuring tapes at your home and school. Find out the smallest value that can be measured using each of these scales. Record your observations in a tabular form.
Ans
Observations of Different Scales or Measuring Tapes:

Q5: Suppose the distance between your school and home is 1.5 km. Express it in metres.
Ans
1.5 km = 1.5 × 1000 = 1500 metres

Q6: Take a tumbler or a bottle. Measure the length of the curved part of the base of glass or bottle and record it.
Ans: Measuring Curved Part of Tumbler/Bottle: Measure the length of the curved part of the base of the tumbler or bottle using a flexible measuring tape and record the value in centimetres or millimetres as per the tape.
Q7: Measure the height of your friend and express it in (i) metres (ii) centimetres and (iii) millimetres.
AnsIf the height of your friend is 1.45 metres:
(i) Metres: 1.45 m
(ii) Centimetres: 145 cm
(iii) Millimetres: 1450 mm

Q8: You are given a coin. Estimate how many coins are required to be placed one after the other lengthwise, without leaving any gap between them, to cover the whole length of the chosen side of a notebook. Verify your estimate by measuring the same side of the notebook and the size of the coin using a 15-cm scale.
Ans:

• Estimate: If the side of the notebook is 30 cm and the coin diameter is 2 cm, you need approximately 15 coins.
• Verification: Measure the actual length of the side of the notebook and the diameter of one coin. Divide the length of the side of the notebook by the diameter of the coin to find the exact number of coins needed.

Q9: Give two examples each for linear, circular and oscillatory motion.
Ans
:

• Linear Motion: A car moving on a straight road, a person walking in a straight line.
• Circular Motion: The motion of a fan blade, the motion of a merry-go-round.
• Oscillatory Motion: The swinging of a pendulum, the motion of a child on a swing.

Q10: Observe different objects around you. It is easier to express the lengths of some objects in mm, some in cm and some in m. Make a list of three objects in each category and enter them in the Table 5.6.Ans:

Q11: A rollercoaster track is made in the shape shown in Fig. 5.19. A ball starts from point A and escapes through point F. Identify the types of motion of the ball on the rollercoaster and corresponding portions of the track.Ans:
• From A to B: Linear Motion
• From B to C: Curved Motion
• From C to D: Circular Motion
• From D to E: Circular Motion
• From E to F: Linear Motion

Q12: Tasneem wants to make a metre scale by herself. She considers the following materials for it - plywood, paper, cloth, stretchable rubber and steel. Which of these should she not use and why?
Ans: Tasneem should not use stretchable rubber to make a metre scale.
Reason: Stretchable rubber is not suitable for making a measuring scale because it can stretch and deform easily, leading to inaccurate measurements. A metre scale needs to be rigid and non-stretchable to ensure that the measurements are consistent and reliable.
Better Options

• Plywood: Rigid and durable.
• Steel: Rigid, durable, and provides accurate measurements.
• Paper: Can be used if properly reinforced to prevent bending.
• Cloth: Flexible and can be used for measuring curved surfaces but not ideal for precise measurements like a metre scale.

Stretchable rubber should be avoided as it can change its length when stretched, which would not give consistent measurements.

Q13: Think, design and develop a card game on conversion of units of length to play with your friends.
Ans:
Card Game: Length Master
Objective: Convert units of length correctly to win cards.
Setup
Length Cards:
Each card has a length with a unit (e.g., 2 m, 150 cm).
Conversion Cards: Each card asks for a specific conversion (e.g., Convert to cm).
Reference Cards: Show conversion formulas (e.g., 1 m = 100 cm).
Rules: Draw one Length Card and one Conversion Card.

• Convert the length as asked (e.g., 2 m to 200 cm).
• Check with Reference Cards.
• Keep the card if correct. If not, put it back.
• The player with the most cards wins.
The document Measurement of Length and Motion NCERT Solutions | Science Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course Science Class 6.
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## FAQs on Measurement of Length and Motion NCERT Solutions - Science Class 6

 1. How can we measure length accurately?
Ans. To measure length accurately, we can use a ruler, measuring tape, or a meter stick. Place one end of the measuring tool at the starting point and align the other end with the endpoint. Read the measurement where the endpoint falls on the tool.
 2. What is the difference between distance and displacement?
Ans. Distance is the total length covered by an object irrespective of its direction, while displacement is the shortest path between the initial and final positions of an object. Displacement includes both the distance and direction traveled.
 3. How do we calculate speed using the formula?
Ans. Speed is calculated by dividing the distance traveled by the time taken to cover that distance. The formula for speed is Speed = Distance/Time.
 4. What is the difference between speed and velocity?
Ans. Speed is a scalar quantity that only considers the magnitude of the motion, while velocity is a vector quantity that includes both the magnitude and direction of the motion.
 5. Why is it essential to measure length accurately in scientific experiments?
Ans. Accurate measurement of length is crucial in scientific experiments to ensure precision and reliability of results. It helps in making comparisons, analyzing data, and drawing conclusions based on accurate measurements.

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